Ancient Greeks invented the dildo

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dildo

Tannahill, R. Sex in History. Stein and Day, NY, 1982. pp. 98-99. 

Marital rape was not outlawed in the U.S. until 1993

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marital_rape_(United_States law)

Highly sexual women

Laumann, E.O. et al. The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States. University of Chicago Press, 1994, p. 88.

Blumberg, E. “The Lives and Voices of Highly Sexual Women,” Journal of Sex Research (2003) 40:146.

Stulhofer, A, et al. “Is High Sexual Desire a Risk for Women’s Relationship and Sexual Well-Being?” Journal of Sex Research (2016) 53:882.

Prevalence of low desire among women

Beigi, M. and F. Fahami. “A Comparative Study of Sexual Dysfunctions Before and After Menopause,” Iran Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research (2012) 17(2 Suppl. 1):S72.

Graziottin, A. et al. “The Prevalence of Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Surgically Menopausal Women: An Epidemiological Study of Women in Four European Countries,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2009) 6:2143.

Hayes, R.D. et al. “What Is the “True” Prevalence of Female Sexual Dysfunctions and Does the Way We Assess These Conditions Have an Impact?” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2008) 5:777.

Laumann, E.O. et al. “Sexual Dysfunction Among Older Adults: Prevalence and Risk Factors from a Nationally Representative U.S. Probability Sample of Men and Women 57-85 Years of Age,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2008) 5:2300.

Laumann, E.O. et al. “Sexual Dysfunction in the United States: Prevalence and Predictors,” Journal of the American Medical Association (1999) 281:537.

Leiblum, S.R. et al. “Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Postmenopausal Women: U.S. Results from the Women’s International Study of Health and Sexuality (WISHeS),” Menopause (2006) 13:46.

Rosen, R.C. et al. “Sexual Desire Problems in Women Seeking Healthcare: A Novel Study Design for Ascertaining Prevalence of Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Clinic-Based Samples of U.S. Women,” Journal of Women’s Health (2012) 21:505.

Trompeter, S.E. et al. “Sexual Activity and Satisfaction in Healthy Community-Dwelling Older Women,” American Journal of Medicine (2012) 125:37.

Worsley, R. et al. “Prevalence and Predictors of Low Sexual Desire, Sexually Related Personal Distress and Hypoactive Sexual Desire Dysfunction in a Community-Based Sample of Midlife Women,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2017) 14:675.

Risk factors for low libido in women

Afshari, P. et al. “The Relationship Between Body Image and Sexual Function in Middle-Aged Women,” Electronic Physician (2016) 8:3302.

Battaglia, C. et al. “Sexual Behavior and Oral Contraceptives,” Journal of Sexual Medicine,” (2012) 9:550.

Alvisi, S. et al. “Sexuality and Psychopathological Aspects in Premenopausal Women with Metabolic Syndrome,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2014) 11:2020.

Cabral, P.U. et al. “Physical Activity and Sexual Function in Middle-Aged Women,” Revista da Associacao Médica Brasileira-1992 (2014) 60:47.

Davis, S.R. et al. “Androgens and Female Sexual Function and Dysfunction: Findings form the Fourth International Consultation of Sexual Medicine,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2016) 13:168.

Hatcher, R. et al. Contraceptive Technology (20th ed.) Ardent Media, London, 2015.

Laumann, E.O. et al. “Sexual Dysfunction Among Older Adults: Prevalence and Risk Factors from a Nationally Representative U.S. Probability Sample of Men and Women 57-85 Years of Age,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2008) 5:2300.

Laumann, E.O. et al. “Sexual Dysfunction in the United States: Prevalence and Predictors,” Journal of the American Medical Association (1999) 281:537.

Leiblum, S.R. et al. “Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Postmenopausal Women: U.S. Results from the Women’s International Study of Health and Sexuality (WISHeS),” Menopause (2006) 13:46.

Malmborg, A. et al. “Hormonal Contraception and Sexual Desire: A Questionnaire-Based Study of Young Swedish Women,” European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care (2016) 21:158.

Maserejian, N.N. et al. “Sexual Arousal and Lubrication Problems in Women with Clinically Diagnosed Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder: Preliminary Findings from the Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder Registry,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2012) 38:41.

Nackers, L.M. et al. “Associations Between Body Mass Index and Sexual Function in Midlife Women: The Study of Women’s Health Across the Nation,” Menopause (2015) 22:1175.

Nappi, R.E. “To Be Or Not To In Sexual Desire: The Androgen Dilemma,” Climacteric (2015) 18:672.

Nappi, R.E. et al. “Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Postmenopausal Women,” Gynecological Endocrinology (2006) 22:318.

Otunctemur, A. et al. “Effect of Metabolic Syndrome on Sexual Function in Pre- and Post-Menopausal Women,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2015) 41:440.

Peixoto, C. et al. “The Effects of Dehydroepiandosterone on Sexual Function: A Systematic Review,” Climacteric (2017) 20:129.

Trompeter, S.E. et al. “Metabolic Syndrome and Sexual Function in Postmenopausal Women,” American Journal of Medicine (2016) 129:1270.

Trompeter, S.E. et al. “Sexual Activity and Satisfaction in Healthy Community-Dwelling Older Women,” American Journal of Medicine (2012) 125:37.

Wahlin-Jacobsen, S. et al. “Androgens and Psychosocial Factors Related to Sexual Dysfunctions in Premenopausal Women,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2017) 14:366.

Wahlin-Jacobsen, S. et al. “Is There a Correlation Between Androgens and Sexual Desire in Women?” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:358.

Wallwiener, C.W. et al. “Are Hormonal Components of Oral Contraceptives Associated with Impaired Female Sexual Function? A Questionnaire-Based Online Survey of Medical Students in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland,” Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics (2015) 292:883.

Worsley, R. et al. “Prevalence and Predictors of Low Sexual Desire, Sexually Related Personal Distress and Hypoactive Sexual Desire Dysfunction in a Community-Based Sample of Midlife Women,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2017) 14:675.

Women tend to feel a libido surge at ovulation

Bullivant, SB et al. “Women Sexual Experience During the Menstrual Cycle: Identification of the Sexual Phase by Noninvasive Measurement of Luteinizing Hormone,” Journal of Sex Research (2004) 41:82.

Burleson, MH et al. “Sexual Behavior in Lesbian and Heterosexual Women: Relations with Menstrual Cycle Phase and Partner Availability,” Psychoneuroendocrinology (2002) 27:489.

Clayton, A. et al. “Assessment of Sexual Functioning During the Menstrual Cycle,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (1999) 25:281.

Dawson, SJ et al “Sexual Fantasies and Viewing Times Across the Menstrual Cycle: A Diary Study,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2012) 441:173.

Gangestad, SW et al. “Changes in Women’s Sexual Interests and Their Partners’ Mate-Retention Tactics Across the Menstrual Cycle: Evidence for Shifting Conflicts of Interest,” Proceedings of Biological Sciences, The Royal Society (2002) 269:975.

Little, AC et al. “Preferences for Masculinity in Male Bodies Changes Across the Menstrual Cycle,” Hormones and Behavior (2007) 51:633.

Meuwissen, I. and R. Over. “Sexual Arousal Across Phases of the Human Menstrual Cycle,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1992) 21:101.

Pillsworth EG et al. “Ovulatory Shift in Female Sexual Desire,” Journal of Sex Research (2004) 41:55.

Provost, MP et al. “Differences in Gait Across the Menstrual Cycle and Their Attractiveness to Men,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2008) 37:598.

Rudski, JM et al. “Effects of Menstrual Cycle Phase on Ratings of Implicitly Erotic Art,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2011) 40:767.

Silber, M. “Menstrual Cycle and Work Schedule: Effects of Women’s Sexuality,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1994) 23:397.

Slob, AK et al. “Sexual Arousability and the Menstrual Cycle,” Psychoneuroendocrinology (1996) 21:545.

Tarin, JJ and V. Gomez-Piquer. “Do Women Have a Hidden Heat Period?” Human Reproduction (2002) 17:2243.

Zillmann, D. et al. “Menstrual Cycle Variation of Women’s Interest in Erotica,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1994) 23:579.

Libido spikes during summer and winter

Lam, D and JA Miron. “Seasonality of Births in Human Populations,” Social Biology (1991) 38:51.

Levin, M et al. “Seasonality of Sexual Debut,” Journal of Marriage and Family (2002) 64:871.

Markey, PM and CN Markey. “Seasonal Variation in Internet Keyword Searches: A Proxy Assessment of Sex Mating Behaviors,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2013) 42:515.

Parnell, AM and JL Rodgers. “Seasonality of Induced Abortions in North Carolina,” Journal of Biosocial Science (1998) 30:321.

Pittman, S et al. “Seasonality and Immediate Antecedents of Sexual Intercourse in Adolescents,” Journal of Reproductive Medicine (2005) 50:193.

Schroeder B. et al. “Is There Seasonal Variation in Gonorrhea and Chlamydia in Adolescents?” Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology (2001) 14:25.

Seiver, DA. “Trend and Variation in the Seasonality of U.S. Fertility, 1947-1976,” Demography (1985) 22:89.

Tita, ATN et al. “Seasonality in Conception of Birth and Influence of Late Initiation of Prenatal Care,” Gynecology and Obstetrics (2001) 97:976.

Wellings, K et al. “Seasonal Variations in Sexual Activity and Their Implication for Sexual Health Promotion,” Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine (1999) 92:60.

Women’s libido during and after menopause

Ambler, D.R. et al. “Sexual Function in Elderly Women: A Review of Current Literature,” Review of Obstetrics and Gynecology (2012) 5:16.

Beigi, M. and F. Fahami. “A Comparative Study on Sexual Dysfunction Before and After Menopause,” Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research (2012) 17(2 Suppl. 1):S72.

Burri, A. et al. “Longitudinal Evaluation of Sexual Function in a Cohort of Pre- and Post-Menopausal Women,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:1427.

Dennerstein, L. et al. “Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Menopausal Women: A Survey of Western European Women,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2006) 3:212.

Graziottin, A. et al. “The Prevalence of Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Surgically Menopausal Women: A Epidemiological Study of Women in Four European Countries,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2009) 6:2143.

Guthrie, J.R. et al. “The Menopausal Transition: A Nine-Year Prospective Population-Based Study. The Melbourne Women’s Midlife Health Project,” Climacteric (2004) 7:375. 

Hashemi, S. et al. “Evaluation of Sexual Attitude and Sexual Function at Menopausal Age: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study,” Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine (2013) 11:631.

Islam, R.M. et al. “Prevalence of Sexual Symptoms in Relation to Menopause in Women in Asia: A Systematic Review,” Menopause (2017) epub ahead of print.

Leiblum, S.R. et al. “Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Postmenopausal Women: U.S. Results form the Women’s International Study of Health and Sexuality (WISHeS),” Menopause (2006) 13:46.

Maserejian, N.N. et al. “Sexual Arousal and Lubrication Problems in Women with Clinically Diagnosed Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder: Preliminary Findings form the Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder Registry for Women,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2012) 38:41.

Randolph, J.F. et al. “Masturbation Frequency and Sexual Function Domains Are Associated with Serum Reproductive Hormone Levels Across the Menopausal Transition,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (2015) 100:258.

Rosen, R.C. et al. “Sexual Desire Problems in Women Seeking Healthcare: A Novel Study Design for Ascertaining Prevalence of Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Clinic-Based Samples of U.S. Women,” Journal of Women’s Health (Larchmont) (2012) 21:505.

Thomas, H.N. et al. “Changes in Sexual Function Among Midlife Women: ‘I’m Older … and I’m wiser,’” Menopause (2017) epub ahead of print.

Thornton, K. et al. “Menopause and Sexuality,” Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America (2015) 4:649.

Trompeter, S.E. et al. “Sexual Activity and Satisfaction in Healthy Community-Dwelling Older Women,” American Journal of Medicine (2012) 125:37.

Worsley, R. et al. “Prevalence and Predictors of Low Sexual Desire, Sexually Related Personal Distress, and Hypoactive Sexual Desire dysfunction in a Community-Based Sample of Midlife Women,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2017) 14:675.

Mindfulness meditation improves women’s desire

Brotto, LA. et al. “Mindfulness-Based Sex Therapy Improves Genital-Subjective Arousal Concordance in Women with Sexual Desire/Arousal Difficulties,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2016) 45:1907.

Brotto, L.A. and D. Goldmeier. “Mindfulness Interventions for Treating Sexual Dysfunctions: The Gentle Science of Finding Focus in a Multitask World,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:1687.

Brotto, L.A. and R. Basson. “Group Mindfulness-Based Therapy Significantly Improves Sexual Desire in Women,” Behavior Research and Therapy (2014) 57:43.

Brotto, L.A. et al. “A Psychoeducational Intervention for Sexual Dysfunction in Women with Gynecologic Cancer,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2008) 37:317.

Brotto, L.A. et al. “A Mindfulness-Based Group Psychoeducational Intervention Targeting Sexual Arousal Disorder in Women,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2008) 5:1646.

Patterson, L.Q. et al. “A Pilot Study of Eight-Session Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy Adapted for Women’s Sexual Interest/Arousal Disorder,” Journal of Sex Research (2017) 54:850.

Pepping, C.A. et al. “The Effects of Mindfulness on Sexual Outcomes: The Role of Emotional Regulation,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2018) 47:1601.

Stephenson, K.R. et al. “Effects of Mindfulness-Based Therapies for Female Sexual Dysfunction: A Meta-Analytic Review,” Journal of Sex Research (2017) 54:

Velten, J. et al. “Effects of a Mindfulness Task on Women’s Sexual Response,” Journal of Sex Research (2018) 55:747.

A self-help program increase women’s desire

Mintz, L.B. “Bibliotherapy for Low Sexual Desire: Evidence for Effectiveness,” Journal of Consulting Psychology (2012) 59:471.

A Tired Woman’s Guide to Passionate Sex: Reclaim Your Desire and Reignite Your Relationship by Laurie Mintz, Ph.D., Adams Media, 2009.

Wanting Sex Again: How to Rediscover Your Desire and Heal a Sexless Marriage by Laurie Watson, LMFT. Berkley, 2012.

Tribulus terrestris boosts women’s libido

Akhtari, E. et al. “Tribulus Terrestris for Treatment of Sexual Dysfunction in Women: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study,” Daru Journal of the Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University (2014) 22:40.

DeSouza, K.Z. et al. “Efficacy of Tribulus Terrestris for the Treatment of Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Postmenopausal Women: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial,” Menopause (2016) 23:1252.

Kemenov, Z et al. “Evaluation of the Efficacy and Safety of Tribulus Terrestris in Male Sexual Dysfunction: A Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial,” Maturitas (2017) 99:20.

Neychev, V. and V. Mitev. “Pro-Sexual and Androgen-Enhancing Effects of Tribulus Terrestris: Fact or Fiction?” Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2016) 179:345.

Postigo, S. et al. “Assessment of the Effects of Tribulus Terrestris on Sexual Function of Menopausal Women,” Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia (2016)38:140.

Qureshi, A et al. “A Systematic Review on the Herbal Extract Tribulus Terrestris and the Roots of Its Putative Aphrodisiac and Performance-Enhancing Effect,” Journal of Dietary Supplements (2014) 11:64.

Roaiah, M.F. et al. “Prospective Analysis on the Effect of Botanical Medicine Tribulus Terrestris on Serum Testosterone Level and Semen Parameters in Males with Unexplained Infertility,” Journal of Dietary Supplements (2016) 23:1.

Roaiah, M.F. et al. “Pilot Study on the Effect of Botanical Medicine Tribulus Terrestris on Serum Testosterone Level and Erectile Function in Aging Males with Partial Androgen Deficiency,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2016) 42:297.

Do estrogen, androgens and Flibanserin (Addyi) increase women’s desire?

Achilli, C. et al. “Efficacy and Safety of Transdermal Testosterone in Postmenopausal Women with Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,” Fertility and Sterility (2017) 107:475.

Aftab, A. et al. “Flibanserin and Its Discontents,” Archives of Women’s Mental Health (2017) 20:243.

Bouchard, C. et al. “Effect of Intravaginal Dehydroepiandrosterone DHEA) on Female Sexual Function in Postmenopausal Women: ERC-230 Open-Label Study,” Hormones, Molecular Biology, and Clinical Investigations (2016) 25:181.

Cappelletti, M. and K. Wallen. “Increasing Women’s Sexual Desire: The Comparative Effectiveness of Estrogen and Androgens,” Hormones and Behavior (2016) 78:178.

Davis, S.R. et al. “Clinical Review: DHEA Replacement for Postmenopausal Women,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (2011) 96:1642.

Derogatis, L.R. et al. “Treatment of Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Premenopausal Women: Efficacy of Flibanserin in the VIOLET Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2012) 9:1074.

Eden, J.A. “DHEA Replacement for Postmenopausal Women: Placebo or Panacea?” Climacteric (2015) 18:439.

Fantasia, H.C. “Flibanserin and Female Sexual Desire,” Nursing and Women’s Health (2016) 20:309.

Fernandes, T. et al. “Efficacy of Vaginally Applied Estrogen, Testosterone, or Polyacrylic Acid on Sexual Function in Postmenopausal Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2014) 11:1262.

Fruhauf, S. et al. “Efficacy of Psychological Interventions for Sexual Dysfunction: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2013) 42:915.

Gao, Z. et al. “Efficacy and Safety of Flibanserin in Women with Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:2095.

Goldfischer, E.R. et al. “Continued Efficacy and Safety of Flibanserin in Premenopausal Women with Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder: Results from a Randomized Withdrawal Trial,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2011) 8:3160.

Jaspers, L. et al. “Efficacy and Safety of Flibanserin for the Treatment of Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Women: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,” JAMA Internal Medicine (2016) 176:453.

Jayne, C. et al. “Open-Label Extension Study of Flibanserin in Women with Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2102) 9:3180.

Katz, M. et al. “Efficacy of Flibanserin in Women with Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder: Results of the BEGONIA Trial,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2013) 10:1807.

Meixel, A. et al. “Hypoactive Sexual Desire: Inventing a Disease to Sell Low Libido,” Journal of Medical Ethics (2015) epub ahead of print.

Mintz, L.B. “Bibliotherapy for Low Sexual Desire: Evidence for Effectiveness,” Journal of Counseling Psychology (2012) 59:471.

Nappi, E. “Why Are There No FDA-Approved Treatments for Female Sexual Dysfunction?” Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy (2015) 16:1735.

Nappi, R.E. and L. Cucinella. “Advances in Pharmacotherapy for Treating Female Sexual Dysfunction,” Expert Opinion in Pharmacotherapy (2015) 16:875.

Panjari, M. and S.R. Davis. “DHEA for Postmenopausal Women: A Review of the Evidence,” Maturitas (2010) 66:172.

Pollack. A. “FDA Approves a Drug for Low Libido in Women,” New York Times, August 19, 2015.

Pollack, A. “FDA Pressed on ‘Women’s Viagra,”’ New York Times, June 1, 2015.

Pollack, A. “FDA Panel Backs ‘Women’s Viagra,”’ New York Times, June 5, 2015.

Portman, D.J. et al. “Flibanserin in Postmenopausal Women with Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder: Results of the PLUMERA Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2017) 14:834.

Reviriego, C. “Flibanserin for Female Sexual Dysfunction,” Drugs Today (2014) 50:549.

Scheffers, C.S. et al. “Dehydroepiandrosterone for Women in the Peri- or Postmenopausal Phase,” Cochrane Database Systematic Reviews (2015) 1:CD011066.

Simon, J.A. et al. “Efficacy and Safety of Flibanserin in Postmenopausal Women with Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder: Results of the SNOWDROP Trial,” Menopause (2014) 21:633.

Terrier, C. and J.E. Terrier. “Efficacy and Safety of Flibanserin, the “New Female Viagra:” Literature Review,” Progress in Urology (2016) 26:592.

Thorp, J. et al. “Treatment of Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Premenopausal Women: Efficacy of Flibanserin in the DAISY Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2012) 9:793.

Tungmunsakulchai, R. et al. “Effectiveness of Low-Dose Testosterone Undecanoate to Improve Sexual Function in Postmenopausal Women,” BMC Women’s Health (2015) 15:113.

Vale, F.B. et al. “Sexual Dysfunction in Premenopausal Women Could Be Related to Hormonal Profile,” Gynecology and Endocrinology (2017) 33:145.

Wierman, M.E et al. “Androgen Therapy in Women: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (2014) 99:3489.

Woloshin, S. and L.M. Schwartz. “U.S. Food and Drug Administration Approvalof Flibanserin: ‘Even the Score’ Does Not Add Up,” JAMA Internal Medicine (2016) 176:439.

For many women desire is the not cause of sex, but it’s result

Basson, R. “Women’s Sexual Function and Dysfunction: Current Uncertainties, Future Directions,” International Journal of Impotence Research (2008) 20:466.

Basson, R. et al. “Assessment and Management of Women’s Sexual Dysfunctions: Problematic Desire and Arousal,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2005) 2:291.

Basson, R. “Women’s Sexual Dysfunctions: Revised and Expanded Definitions,” CMAJ [Canadian Medical Association Journal] (2005) 172:1327.

Basson, R. “Recent Advances in Women’s Sexual Function and Dysfunction,” Menopause (2004) 11(6 Pt. 2):714.

Basson, R. “A Model of Women’s Sexual Arousal,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2002) 28:1.

Basson, R. “Women’s Sexual Desire—Disordered or Misunderstood?” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2002) 28(Suppl 1):17.

Basson, R. “Using a Different Model for Female Sexual Response to Address Women’s Problematic Low Sexual Desire,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2001) 27:395.

Basson, R. “Human Sexual Response Cycles,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2001) 27:33.

Basson, R. “The Female Sexual Response: A Different Model,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2000) 26:51.

Brotto. L.A. et al. “Predictors of Sexual Desire Disorder in Women,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2011) 8:742.

Brotto, L.A. et al. “Narratives of Desire in Mid-Age Women With and Without Arousal Difficulties,” Journal of Sex Research (2009) 46:387.

Graham, C.A. et al. “Turning On and Turning Off: A Focus Group Study of the Factors That Affect Women’s Sexual Arousal,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2004) 33:527.

Kingsberg, S.A. and R.L. Rezaee. “Hypoactive Sexual Desire in Women,” Menopause (2013) 20:1284.

Laan, E. et al. “Determinants of Subjective Experience of Sexual Arousal in Women: Feedback from Genital Arousal and Erotic Stimulus Content,” Psychophysiology (1995) 32:444.

Maserejian, N.N. et al. “The Presentation of Hypoactive Sexual Desire in Premenopausal Women,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7:3439.

Seagraves, R. and T. Woodard. “Female Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder: History and Current Status,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2006) 3:408.

Simon, J.A. “Low Sexual Desire: Is It All in Her Head? Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder,” Postgraduate Medicine (2010) 122:128.