Introduction

Seminal books that shaped my young-adult sexual perspectives:

Barbach, Lonnie. For Yourself: The Fulfillment of Female Sexuality (revised edition) Signet, NY, 2000.

Boston Women’s Health Book Collective with Judy Norsigian. Our Bodies, Ourselves (revised edition). Touchstone, NY, 2011.

Hite, Shere. The Hite Report: A Nationwide Study of Female Sexuality (revised edition). Seven Stories, NY, 2003.

 

Masters, William and Virginia Johnson. Human Sexual Response. Little Brown, NY, 1966.

 

Masters, William and Virginia Johnson. Human Sexual Inadequacy. Little Brown, NY, 1970.

 

Playboy Advisor answers are accurate and respect women:

Beggan, J.K. et al. “An Analysis of Stereotype Refutation in Playboy By An Editorial Voice: The Advisor Hypothesis,” Journal of Men’s Studies (2000) 9:1.

 

The benefits of sexual self-help books:

Marrs, R.W. “A Meta-analysis of Bibliotherapy Studies,” American Journal of Community Psychology (1995) 23:843.

 

Mintz, L.B. “Bibliotherapy for Low Sexual Desire: Evidence for Effectiveness,” Journal of Counseling Psychology (2012) 59:471.

 

Palaniappan, M. et. al. “Skills Vs. Pills: Comparative Effectiveness for Low Sexual Desire in Women,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2018) 44:1.

 

Van Diest, S.L. et al. “Sex Therapy Through he Internet for Men with Sexual Dysfunctions: A Pilot Study,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2007) 33:115.

 

Van Lankveld, J.J. et al. “Cognitive-Behavioral therapy for Women with Lifelong Vaginismus: A Randomized Wait-List Controlled Trial of Efficacy,” Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology (2006) 74:168.

 

Van Lankveld, J.J. et al. “Internet-Based Brief Sex Therapy for Heterosexual Men with Sexual Dysfunctions: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2009) 6:2224.

 

Van Lakveld, J. “Self-Help Therapies for Sexual Dysfunction,” Journal of Sex Research (2009) 46:143.

 

Van Lankveld, J.J. “Bibliotherapy in the Treatment of Sexual Dysfunction: A Meta-Analysis,” Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology (1998) 66:702.

 

Zarski, A. et al “Internet-Based Guided Self-Help for Vaginal Penetration Difficulties: Results of a Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2017) 14:238.

 

The joint biography of William Masters, M.D. and Virginia Johnson

Maier. Thomas. Masters of Sex. Basic Books, NY, 2009.

 

Flibanserin (Addyi) helps only around 15 percent of women users:

Derogatis, L.R. et al. “Treatment of Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Premenopausal Women: Efficacy of Flibanserin in the VIOLET Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2012) 9:1074.

 

Goldfischer, E.R. et al. “Continued Efficacy and Safety of Flibanserin in Premenopausal Women with Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder: Results from a Randomized Withdrawal Trial,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2011) 8:3160.

 

Jayne, C. et al. “Open-Label Extension Study of Flibanserin in Women with Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2102) 9:3180.

 

Katz, M. et al. “Efficacy of Flibanserin in Women with Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder: Results of the BEGONIA Trial,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2013) 10:1807.

 

Reviriego, C. “Flibanserin for Female Sexual Dysfunction,” Drugs Today (2014) 50:549.

 

Simon, J.A. et al. “Efficacy and Safety of Flibanserin in Postmenopausal Women with Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder: Results of the SNOWDROP Trial,” Menopause (2014) 21:633.

 

Thorp, J. et al. “Treatment of Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Premenopausal Women: Efficacy of Flibanserin in the DAISY Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2012) 9:793.

 

A task force of 49 state attorneys general showing that the threat to children of online sexual predators has been vastly overstated:

Stone, B. “Despite News Reports, Task Force Finds Online Threat to Children Overblown,” New York Times, Aug. 15, 2009.

 

Resources that can help survivors of sexual trauma rediscover the joy of sex:

Bass, E. and L. Davis. The Courage to Heal: A Guide for Women Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse (20th anniversary edition). William Morrow, NY, 2008.

 

Davis, L. Allies in Healing: When the Person You Love Was Sexually Abused as a Child. William Morrow, NY, 1991.

 

Haines, Staci. The Survivors Guide to Sex: How to Gain an Empowered Sex Life After Child Sexual Abuse. Cleis Press, San Francisco, 1999.

 

Maltz. W. The Sexual Healing Journey: A Guide for Survivors of Sexual Abuse. William Morrow, NY, 2012.

 

Substantial decline in teen pregnancies and the significant increase in teen use of contraceptives:

Boonstra, H. “Teen Pregnancy: Trends and Lessons Learned,” Guttmacher Policy Review (2002) https://www.guttmacher.org/gpr/2002/02/teen-pregnancy-trends-and-lessons-learned

 

Finer, L.B. and M.R.Zolna. “Declines in Unintended Pregnancy in the United States: 2008-2011,” New England Journal of Medicine (2016) 374:843.

 

Lindberg, L. et al. “Understanding the Decline in Adolescent Fertility in the United States, 2007-2012,” Journal of Adolescent Health (2016) 59:577.

 

More porn, less rape:

Diamond, M. et al. “Pornography and Sex Crimes in the Czech Republic,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2011) 40:1037

 

Diamond, M. “The Effects of Pornography: An International Perspective,” in Pornography 101: Eroticism, Sexuality, and the First Amendment, edited by J. Elias et al. Prometheus Press, Amherst, NY, 1999.

 

Diamond, M. and A. Uchiyama. “Pornography, Rape, and Sex Crimes in Japan,” International Journal of Law and Psychiatry (1999) 22:1.

 

Goldstein, M. et al. “Experience with Pornography: Rapists, Pedophiles, Homosexuals, Transsexuals, and Controls,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (19971) 1:1.

 

Kutchinsky, B. Pornography and Rape: Theory and Practice? Evidence from crime Data in Four Countries, Where Pornography is Easily Available,” International Journal of Law and Psychiatry (1991) 14:47.

 

Kutchinsky, B. “The Effect of Easy Availability of Pornography on the Incidence of Sex Crimes: The Danish Experience,” Journal of Social Issues (1973) 29:163.

 

Compared with women who do not act in porn, those who do are no more likely to have a history of sexual exploitation:

Griffith, JD. et al. “Pornography Actresses: As Assessment of the ‘Damaged Goods’ Hypothesis,” Journal of Sex Research (2013) 50:621.

 

Recidivism among sex offenders is 6 percent.

Liptak, A. “Not a Lot of Evidence Behind a Supreme Court Ruling on Sex Offenders,” NY Times, March 7, 2017.

 

Human sex trafficking has been greatly overstated:

Meshkovska, B. et al. “Female Sex Trafficking: Conceptual Issues, Current Debates, and Future Directions,” Annual Review of Sex Research (2105) 52:380.

 

The key to women’s orgasms is direct clitoral stimulation, notably cunnilingus:

Andersen, B.L. and J.M. Cyranowski. “Women’s Sexuality: Behaviors, Responses, and Individual Differences,” Journal of Counseling Psychology (1995) 63:891.

 

Fisher, W.A. et al. “Individual and Partner Correlates of Sexual Satisfaction and Relationship Happiness in Midlife Couples: Dyadic Analysis of the International Survey of Relationships,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2105) 44:1609.

 

Haavio_Mannila, E. and O. Kontula. “Correlates of Increased Sexual Satisfaction,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1997) 26:399.

 

Moynihan, R. “The Making of a Disease: Female Sexual Dysfunction,” BMJ (formerly British Medical Journal) (2003) 326:45.

 

Richters, J. et al. “Sexual Practices at Last Heterosexual Encounter and Occurrence of Orgasm in a National Survey,” Journal of Sex Research (2006) 43:217.

 

Salisbury, C.M.A. and W.A. Fisher. “’Did You Come?’ A Qualitative Exploration of Gender Differences in Beliefs, Experiences, and Concerns Regarding Female Orgasm Occurrence During Heterosexual Sexual Interactions,” Journal of Sex Research (2014) 51:616.

 

Wade, L.D. et al. “The Incidental Orgasm: The Presence of Clitoral Knowledge and the Absence of Orgasm for Women,” Women and Health (2005) 42:117.

 

One-quarter of women think porn is poison. Three-quarters feel differently.

Bridges, A.J. et al “Romantic Partners Use of Pornography: Its Significance for Women,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2003) 29:1.

 

Canadian researchers couldn’t find a man who hadn’t viewed porn.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/women/sex/6709646/All-men-watch-porn-scientists-find.html

 

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/12/091201111202.htm

 

Sexual compulsivity: Only 2 men per 1,000.

https://www.pornhub.com/insights/2017-year-in-review

 

Porn is less violent than most TV cops shows, action movies, and video games.

McKee, A. “The Objectification of Women in Mainstream Pornographic Videos in Australia,” Journal of Sex Research (2005) 42:277.

 

Since porn exploded on the Internet, the U.S. rate of sexual assault has fallen 58 percent.

Diamond, M. et al. “Pornography and Sex Crimes in the Czech Republic,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2011) 40:1037

 

Diamond, M. “The Effects of Pornography: An International Perspective,” in Pornography 101: Eroticism, Sexuality, and the First Amendment, edited by J. Elias et al. Prometheus Press, Amherst, NY, 1999.

 

Diamond, M. and A. Uchiyama. “Pornography, Rape, and Sex Crimes in Japan,” International Journal of Law and Psychiatry (1999) 22:1.

 

Goldstein, M. et al. “Experience with Pornography: Rapists, Pedophiles, Homosexuals, Transsexuals, and Controls,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (19971) 1:1.

 

Kutchinsky, B. Pornography and Rape: Theory and Practice? Evidence from crime Data in Four Countries, Where Pornography is Easily Available,” International Journal of Law and Psychiatry (1991) 14:47.

 

Kutchinsky, B. “The Effect of Easy Availability of Pornography on the Incidence of Sex Crimes: The Danish Experience,” Journal of Social Issues (1973) 29:163.

 

The teen pregnancy rate has declined 70 percent.

https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db89.pdf

 

Teen condom use is at an all-time high.

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00054432.htm

https://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/data/yrbs/pdf/2015/ss6506_updated.pdf

 

Women porn actors are no more likely than other women to have experience child sex abuse.

Griffith, JD. et al. “Pornography Actresses: As Assessment of the ‘Damaged Goods’ Hypothesis,” Journal of Sex Research (2013) 50:621.

 

The divorce rate has declined 40 percent.

https://www.bgsu.edu/ncfmr/resources/data/family-profiles/anderson-divorce-rate-us-geo-2015-fp-16-21.html

 

  1. Why Be Sexual? Pleasure!

Chaz Bono on the sexual impact of transitioning from female to male Wilson, C. “The Reluctant Transgender Role Model,” New York Times, May 6, 2011.

 

Why people have sex

Meston, CM and DM Buss. “Why Humans Have Sex,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2007) 36:477.

 

Sex makes people happy

Blanchflower, D.G. and A.J. Oswald. “Money, Sex, and Happiness: An Empirical Study,” Scandinavian Journal of Economics (2004) 106:393.

 

Muise, A.M. et al. “Sexual Frequency Predicts Greater Well-Being, But More Is Not Always Better,” Social Psychological and Personality Science (2016) 7:295.

 

“Good/normal” vs “bad/deviant” sex.

Rubin, G. “Thinking Sex: Notes for a Radical Theory of the Politics of Sexuality.” In C.S. Vance (ed.) Pleasure and Danger: Exploring Female Sexuality Routledge & Kegan Paul, London, 1984, pp. 267-293.

 

  • The near-universality and general harmlessness of childhood sex play:
  • Ford, CS and FA Beach. Patterns of Sexual Behavior. Harper & Row, NY, 1951.
  • Okami, P et al. “Sexual Experiences in Early Childhood: 18-Year Longitudinal Data for the UCLA Family Lifestyles Project,” Journal of Sex Research (1997) 4:339.
  • Greenwald, E. and H. Leitenberg.” “Long-Term Effects of Sexual Experience with Siblings and Non-Siblings During Childhood,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1989) 18:389.
  • Kilpatrick, A.C. “Some Correlates of Women’s Childhood Sexual Experiences: A Retrospective Study,” Journal of Sex Research (1986) 22:221.
  • Lewis, R. and L.H. Janda. “The Relationship Between Adult Sexual Adjustment and Childhood Experiences Regarding exposure to Nudity, Sleeping in the Parental Bed, and Parental Attitudes Toward Sexuality,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1988) 17:349.
  • Laarsson, I.B. and C.G. Svedin. “Sexual Experiences in Childhood: Young Adults’ Recollections,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2002) 31:263.
  • Reynolds, M.A. “The Development of Sexuality: The Impact of Childhood Sexual Play on Adult Sexuality,” Ph.D. dissertation, 1997. http://search.proquest.com.ucsf.idm.oclc.org/docview/619258931?accountid=14525.
  • Surveys of masturbation frequency in the U.S.
  • Das, A. “Masturbation in the United States,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2007) 33:301.
  • Dekker, A. and G Schmidt. “Patterns of Masturbatory Behavior: Changes from the 1960s to the 1990s,” Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality (2002) 14:35.
  • Laumann, E.O et al. The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States, University of Chicago Press, 1994.
  • Lindau, S.T. et al. “A Study of Sexuality and Health Among Older Adults in the United States,” New England Journal of Medicine (2007) 357:762.
  • Herbenick, D. et al. “Sexual Behavior in the United States: Results from a National Probability Sample of Men and Women Ages 14-94,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7(suppl 5):255.

 

Proportion of American men who have patronized sex workers

ProCon.org. “Percentage of Men (by Country) Who Paid for Sex at Least Once.” http://prostitution.procon.org/view.resource.php?resourceID=004119

 

  • S. prevalence of anal play
  • Herbenick, D. et al. “Sexual Behavior in the United States: Results from a National Probability Sample of Men and Women Ages 14-94,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7(Suppl 5):255.
  • Prevalence of occasional non-monogamy?
  • Bergstrand, C. and J.B. Williams. “Today’s Alternative Marriage Styles: The Case of Swingers,” Electronic Journal of Human Sexuality (2000) ejhs.org/volume3/swing/body.htm.
  • Haupert, M.L. et al. “Prevalence of Experiences with Consensual Nonmonogamous Relationships: Findings from Two National Samples of Single Americans,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2017) 43:424.
  • Herbenick, D. et al. “Sexual Diversity in the United States: Results from a Nationally Representative Probability Sample of Adult Women and Men,” PLoS One (2017) 12:7:e0181198.
  • Jenks, RT. “Swinging: A Review of the Literature,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1998) 27:507
  • Many Americans engage in some BDSM

Herbenick, D. et al. “Sexual Diversity in the United States: Results from a Nationally Representative Probability Sample of Adult Men and Women,” PLoS One. July 20, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0181198.

 

Castellini, G. et al. “Deviance or Normalcy? The Relationship Among Paraphilic Thoughts and Behaviors, Hypersexuality, and Psychopathology in a Sample of University Students,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2018) 15:1322.

 

Prevalence of erotic fantasies involving unconventional play

Bivona, JM and. “The Nature of Women’s Rape Fantasies: An Analysis of Prevalence, Frequency, and Contents,” Journal of Sex Research (2009) 46:33.

 

Follingstad, D.R. and C.D. Kimbrell. “Sex Fantasies Revisited: An Expansion and Further Clarification of Variables Affecting Sex Fantasy Production,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1986) 15:475.

 

Hicks, T.V. and H. Leitenberg. “Sexual Fantasies About One’s Partner Versus Someone Else: Gender Differences and Incidence in Frequency,” Journal of Sex Research (2001) 38:43.

 

Joyal, C.C. et al. “What Exactly Is an Unusual Sexual Fantasy?” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:328.

 

Kahr, B. Who’s Been Sleeping in Your Head? The Secret World of Sexual Fantasies. Basic Books, NY, 2008

 

Rokach, A. “Content Analysis of Sexual Fantasies of Males and Females,” Journal of Psychology (1990) 124:427.

 

Additional studies documenting the popularity of unconventional sex

Ahlers, C.J. et al. “How Unusual Are the Contents of Paraphilias? Paraphilia-Associated Sexual Arousal Patterns in a Community-Based Sample of Men,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2011) 8:1362.

 

Joyal, C.C. and J. Carpenter. “The Prevalence of Paraphilic Interests and Behavior in the General Population: A Provincial Study,” Journal of Sex Research (2017) 54:161.

 

Olivera, W.M.D. and C.H.N. Abdo. “Unconventional Sexual Behaviors and Their Associations with Physical, Mental, and Sexual Health Parameters: A Study in 18 Large Brazilian Cities,” Revista Brasileria de Psiquiatria (2-10) 32:264.

 

 

  1. Get in Shape for Great Sex

Regular, moderate exercise improves sex:

Bacon, C.G et al. “Sexual Function in Men Older Than 50: Results from the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study,” Annals of Internal Medicine (2003) 139:161.

Bacon, C.G. et al. “A Prospective Study on the Risk Factors for Erectile Dysfunction,” Journal of Urology (2006) 176:217.

Duncan, JJ et al. “Women Walking for Health and Fitness: How Much Is Enough?” Journal of the American Medical Association (1991) 266:3295.

Esposito, K. et al. “Effects of Intensive Lifestyle Changes on Erectile Dysfunction in Men,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2009) 6:243.

Khoo, J. et al. “Comparing Effects of Low- and High-Volume Moderate-Intensity Exercise on Sexual Function and Testosterone in Obese Men,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2013) 10:1823.

Kim, SC. “Hyperlipidemia and Erectile Dysfunction,” Asian Journal of Andrology (2000) 2:161.

Nikoobakht, M. et al. “The Relationship Between Lipid Profile and Erectile Dysfunction,” International Journal of Impotence Research (2005) 17:523.

Wei, M et al. “Total Cholesterol and HDL Cholesterol as Important Predictors of Erectile Dysfunction,” American Journal of Epidemiology (1994) 140:930.

White, JR. et al. “Enhanced Sexual Behavior in Exercising Men,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1990) 19:193.

Wuh, H. Sexual Fitness. Putnam, NY, 2001.

Kegel exercises

Claes, H. and L. Baert. “Pelvic Floor Exercise Versus Surgery in the Treatment of Impotence,” British Journal of Urology (1993) 71:52.

Colpi, G.M. et al. “Perineal Floor Efficiency in Sexually Potent and Impotent Men,” International Journal of Impotence Research (1999) 11:153.

Dorey, G. “Restoring Pelvic Floor Function in Men: Review of RCTs,” British Journal of Nursing (2005) 14:1014.

Dorey, G. et al. “Pelvic Floor Exercises for Erectile Dysfunction,” BJU International (2005) 96:595.

Serati, M. et al. “Benefit of Pelvic Floor Muscle Therapy in Improving Sexual Function in Women with Stress Urinary Incontinence: A Pretest-Posttest Intervention Study,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2015) 41:254.

Sighinolfi, M.C. et al. “Potential Effectiveness of Pelvic Floor Rehabilitation Treatment for Post-Radical Prostatectomy Incontinence, Climacturia, and Erectile Dysfunction: A Case Series,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2009) 6:3496.

Van Kampen, M. et al. “Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction by Perineal Exercise, Electromyographic Biofeedback, and electrical Stimulation,” Physical Therapy (2003) 83:536.

Risk of heart attack during sex

Jackson, G. “Sexual Response in Cardiovascular Disease,” Journal of Sex Research (2009) 46:233.

 

Lange, L. Love Death: A Retrospective and Prospective Follow-Up Mortality Study Over 45 Years,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2017) 14:1226.

 

Moller, J. et al. “Sexual Activity as a Trigger of Myocardial Infarction: A Case-Crossover Analysis in the Stockholm Heart Epidemiology Program (SHEEP),” Heart (2001) 86:387.

 

Muller, J.E. et al. “Triggering Myocardial Infarction by Sexual Activity,” Journal of the American Medical Association (1996) 275:1405.

 

Nawrot, T.S. et al. “Public Health Importance of Triggers of Myocardial Infarction: A Comparative Risk Assessment,” Lancet (2011) 377(9767):732.

 

Sztajzel, J. “Sexuality and Heart Disease,” Rev. Med. Suisse (2012) 8:631.

 

Strenuous exercise reduces libido

Hackney, A.C. et al. “Endurance Exercise Training and Male Sexual Libido,” Medicine and Science in /Sports and Exercise (2017) epub ahead of print.

 

Should athletes abstain before contests?

Valenti, L.M. et al. “Effect of Sexual Intercourse on Lower Extremity Muscle Force in Strength-Trained Men,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2018) 15:888.

 

As fruit and vegetable consumption increases, sexual function improves

Cassidy, A. et al. “Dietary Flavonoid Intake and Incidence of Erectile Dysfunction,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2016) 103:534.

DellaCamera, P.A. et al. “Sexual Health, Adherence to Mediterranean Diet, Body Weight, Physical Activity and Mental State: Factors Correlated to Each Other,” Urologia (2017) epub ahead of print.

DiFrancesco, S. and R.L. Teneglia. “Mediterranean Diet and Erectile Dysfunction: A Current Perspective,” Central European Journal of Urology (2017) 70:185.

Esposito, K. et al. “Mediterranean Diet Improves Sexual Function in Women with Metabolic Syndrome,” International Journal of Impotence Research (2007) 19:486.

Giugliano, F. et al. “Adherence to Mediterranean Diet and Erectile Dysfunction in Men with Type-2 Diabetes,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7:1911.

Giugliano, F. et al. “Adherence to Mediterranean Diet and Sexual Function in Women with Type-2 Diabetes,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7:1883.

Maiorino, M.I. et al. “Effects of a Mediterranean Diet on Sexual Function in People with Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes: The MEDITA Trial,” Journal of Diabetes Complications (2016) 30:1519.

 

Mykoniatis, I. et al. “Sexual Dysfunction Among Young Men: Overview of Dietary Components Associated with Erectile Dysfunction,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2018) 15:176.

 

Studies showing that weight loss improves sex

National Weight Control Registry: http://www.nwcr.ws

 

Janik, M.R. et al. “Female Sexual Function Before and After Bariatric Surgery: a Cross-Sectional Study and Review of Literature,” Obesity Surgery (2015) 25:1511.

 

Khoo, J. et al. “Comparing the Effects of Meal Replacements with Reduced-Fat Diet on Weight, Sexual and Endothelial Function, Testosterone, and Quality of Life in Obese Asian Men,” International Journal of Impotence Research (2014) 26:61.

 

Kolotkin, R.L. et al. “Sexual Functioning and Obesity: A Review,” Obesity (Silver Spring) (2012) 20:2325.

 

Martin, C.K. et al. “Effect of Calorie Restriction on Mood, Quality of Life, Sleep, and Sexual Function in Healthy Non-obese Adults: The CALERIE 2 Randomized Clinical Trial,” JAMA Internal Medicine (2016) 176:743.

 

Mora, M. et al. “Weight Loss Is a Major Contributor to Improved Sexual Function After Bariatric Surgery,” Surgery and Endoscopy (2013) 27:3197.

 

Wing, R.R. et al. “Effect of Intensive Lifestyle Intervention on Sexual Dysfunction in Women with Type-2 Diabetes: Results from an Ancillary Look AHEAD Study,” Diabetes Care (2013) 36:2937.

 

Wingfield, L.R. et al. “Change in Sexual Dysfunction Following Bariatric Surgery,” Obesity Surgery (2016) 26:387.

 

The American Psychological Association survey, Stress in America

https://www.apa.org/news/press/releases/stress/2010/national-report.pdf

 

Studies showing the sexual benefits of meditation and stress reduction

Brotto, L.A. et al. “A Mindfulness-Based Group Psychoeducational Intervention Targeting Sexual Arousal Disorder in Women,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2008) 5:1646.

 

Brotto, L.A. et al. “A Brief Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Behavioral Intervention Improves Sexual Functioning Vs. Wait-List Controls in Women Treated for Gynecologic Cancer,” Gynecologic Oncology (2012) 125:320.

 

Silverstein, R.G. et al. “Effects of Mindfulness Training on Body
Awareness to Sexual Stimuli: Implications for Female Sexual Dysfunction,” Psychmosomatic Medicine (2011) 73:817.

 

Alcohol “provokes the desire, but takes away the performance.”

Macbeth. Act 2, Scene 3.

 

Studied on the sexual impact of smoking

Biebel, M.G. et al. “Male Sexual Functioning and Smoking,” Sexual Medicine Review (2016) 4:366.

 

Cao. S. et al. “Association of Quantity and Duration of Smoking with Erectile Dysfunction: A Dose-Response Meta-Analysis,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2014) 11:2376.

 

Choi, J. et al. “Dose-Response Relationship Between Cigarette Smoking and Female Sexual Dysfunction,” Obstetrics and Gynecology Science (2015) 58:302.

 

Harte, C.B. “Concurrent Relations Among Cigarette Smoking Status, Resting Heart Rate Variability, and Erectile Response,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2014) 11:1230.

 

Verze, P. et al. “The Link Between Cigarette Smoking and Erectile Dysfunction: A Systematic Review,” European Urology Focus (2015) 1:39.

 

Insomnia Statistics

Roth, T. “Definition, Prevalence, Etiology, and Consequences,” Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine (2007) 3(5 Suppl): S7.

 

Sleep apnea and sexual dysfunction

Budweiser, S. et al. “Sleep Apnea is an Independent Correlate of Erectile and Sexual Dysfunction,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2009) 6:3147.

 

Budweiser, S. et al. “Long-Term Changes of Sexual Function in Men with Obstructive Sleep Apnea After Initiation of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2013) 10:524.

 

Hanak, V. et al. “Snoring as Risk Factor for Sexual Dysfunction in Community Men,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2008) 5:898.

 

Kalmbach, D.A. et al. “The Impact of Sleep on Female Sexual Response and Behavior: A Pilot Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:1221.

 

Koca, T.T. et al. “Evaluation of Sleep Disorder and Its Effects on Sexual Dysfunction in Patients with Fibromyalgia Syndrome,” Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (2016) 13:167.

 

Liu, L. et al. “Sexual Dysfunction in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:1992.

 

Petersen, M. et al. “Long-Term Effects of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Treatment on Sexuality in Female Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea,” Sexual Medicine (2013) 1:62.

 

Petersen, M. et al. “Sexual Function in Male Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea After 1 Year of CPAP Treatment,” Clinical Respiratory Journal (2013) 7:214.

 

Steinke, E. et al. “Determinants of Sexual Dysfunction and Interventions for Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Systematic Review,” International Journal of Clinical Practice (2016) 70:5.

 

Zhang, X.B. et al. “Erectile Dysfunction and Sexual Hormone Levels in Men with Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Efficacy of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2016) 45:235.

 

Sleep duration

Kalmbach, D.A.et al. “The Impact of Sleep on Female Sexual Response and Behavior: A Pilot Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:1221.

 

Studies demonstrating sexual healing

https://kinseyconfidential.org/sex-alleviate-menstrual-cramps/

 

Bijlani, R.L. et al. “A Brief but Comprehensive Lifestyle Education Program Based on Yoga Reduces Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes Mellitus,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (2005) 11:267.

Brody, S. “Blood Pressure Reactivity to Stress is Better for People Who Recently Had Penile-Vaginal Intercourse Than for People Who Had Other or No Sexual Activity,” Biological Psychology (2006) 71:214.

 

Brody, S. et al. “A Preliminary Report Relating Frequency of Vaginal Intercourse to Heart Rate Variability, Valsalva Ratio, Blood Pressure, and Cohabitation Status,” Biological Psychology (2000) 52:251.

 

Brotto, L.A. et al. “Yoga and Sexual Functioning: A Review,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2009) 35:378.

 

Charnetski, C. and FX Brennan. “Sexual Frequency and Salivary Immunoglobulin A,” Psychological Reports (2004) 94:839.

 

Dahabreh, IJ and JK Paulus. “Association of Periodic Physical and Sexual Activity with Triggering of Acute Cardiac Events,” Journal of the American Medical Association (2011) 305:1225.

 

Davey-Smith, G et al. “Sex and Death: Are They Related? Findings from the Caerphilly Cohort Study,” BMJ [formerly British Medical Journal] (1997) 15:1641.

 

Dhikav, V. et al. “Yoga in Male Sexual Functioning: a Non-comparative Pilot Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7:3460.

 

Derby, C.A. et al. “Modifiable Risk Factors and Erectile Dysfunction: Can Lifestyle Changes Modify Risk?” Urology (2000) 56:302.

 

Ebrahim, S. et al. “Sexual Intercourse and Risk of Ischemic Stroke and Coronary Heart Disease: The Caerphilly Study,” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health (2002) 56:99.

 

Esposito, K. et al. “Metabolic Syndrome: A Cause of Sexual Dysfunction in Women,” International Journal of Impotence Research (2005) 17:224.

 

Kim, H.N. et al. “Effects of Yoga on Sexual Function in Women with Metabolic Syndrome: A Randomized Controlled Trial,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2013) 10:2741.

 

Jain, S.C. et al. “A Study of Response Patterns of Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetics to Yoga Therapy,” Diabetes Research in Clinical Practice (19993) 119:69.

 

Mahajan, A.S. et al. “Lipid Profile of Coronary risk Following Yogic Lifestyle Intervention,” Indian Heart Journal (1999) 51:37.

 

Malathi, A. and A. Damodaran. “Stress Due to Exams in Medical Students: The Role of Yoga,” Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology (1999) 43:218.

 

Manchanda, S.C. et al. “Retardation of Coronary Atherosclerosis with Yoga Lifestyle Intervention,” Journal of the Association of Physicians of India (2000) 48:687.

 

Patel, C. “12-Month Follow-Up of Yoga and Biofeedback in the Management of Hypertension,” Lancet (1975) 1(7898):62.

 

Ray, U.S. et al. “Effect of Yogic Exercises on Physical and Mental Health of Young Fellowship Course Trainees,” Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology (2001) 45:37.

 

White, JR et al. “Enhanced Sexual Behavior in Exercising Men,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1990) 19:193.

 

Health and longevity benefits of sex

Charnetski, C. and F.X. Brennan. “Sexual Frequency and Salivary Immunoglobulin A (IgA),” Psychological Reports (2004) 94:839.

 

Paredes, R.G. “Opioids and Sexual Reward,” Pharmacology and Biochemistry of Behavior (2014) 121:124.

 

Paredes, R.G. “Evaluating the Neurobiology of Sexual Reward,” ILAR Journal (2009) 50:15.

 

Smith, G.D. et al. “Sex and Death: Are They Related? Findings from the Caerphilly Cohort Study.” BMJ (1997) 315:1641.

 

Veening, J.G. and H.P. Barendregt. “The Effects of Beta-Endorphins: State Change Modification,” Fluids and Barriers and the CNS (2015) 12:3.

 

Meta-analysis of 92 studies of lifestyle and sexual function

Allen, M.S. et al. “Health-Related Lifestyle Factors and Sexual Function: A Meta-Analysis of Population-Based Research,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2018) 15:458.

 

  1. The Lifelong Joy of Self-Sexing

The story of Onan

Genesis, 38:6-10.

 

Why the Bible condemns non-procreative sex

Berkowitz, E. Sex and Punishment: Four Thousand Years of Judging Desire. Counterpoint, Berkeley, CA, 2012.

 

Julius Caesar touting masturbation

Lowry, T. The Story the Soldiers Wouldn’t Tell: Sex in the Civil War. Stackpole Books, Mechanicsburg, PA., 1994, p. 23

 

  • Surgeon General Jocelyn Elders forced to resign

New York Times, Dec. 10, 1994. http://www.nytimes.com/1994/12/10/us/surgeon-general-forced-to-resign-by-white-house.html

 

Surveys of masturbation frequency in the U.S.

Laumann, E.O et al. The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States, University of Chicago Press, 1994.

 

Lindau, S.T. et al. “A Study of Sexuality and Health Among Older Adults in the United States,” New England Journal of Medicine (2007) 357:762.

 

Herbenick, D. et al. “Sexual Diversity in the United States: Results from a Nationally Representative Probability Sample of Adult Men and Women,” PLOS One (2017) doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0181198.

 

Herbenick, D. et al. “Sexual Behavior in the United States: Results from a National Probability Sample of Men and Women Ages 14-94,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7(suppl 5):255.

 

Petersen, J.L. and J.S. Hyde. “Gender Differences and Sexual Attitudes and Behaviors: A Review of Meta-Analytic Results and Large Datasets,” Journal of Sex Research (2011) 48:149.

 

Demographics of masturbation.

Das, A. “Masturbation in the United States,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2007) 33:301.

 

Dekker, A. and G Schmidt. “Patterns of Masturbatory Behavior: Changes from the 1960s to the 1990s,” Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality (2002) 14:35.

 

More than half of American women own at least one vibrator

Herbenick, D. et al. “Prevalence and Characteristics of Vibrator Use By Women in the United States: Results from a Nationally Representative Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2009) 6:1857.

 

Masturbation and prostate cancer risk

Aboul-Enein, B.H. et al. “Evidence for Masturbation and Prostate Cancer Risk: Do We Have a Verdict?” Sexual Medicine Review (2016) 4:229.

 

Dimitropoulou, P. et al. “Sexual Activity and Prostate Cancer Risk in Men Diagnosed at a Younger Age,” BJU International (2009) 193:178.

 

Giles, G.G. et al. “Sexual Factors and Prostate Cancer,” BJU International (2003) 92:211.

 

Jian, Z. et al. “Sexual Activity and Risk of Prostate Cancer: A Dose-Response Meta-Analysis,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2018) 15:1300.

 

Kotb, A.F. et al. :Sexual Activity and the Risk of Prostate Cancer: Review Article,” Archives of Italian Urology and Andrology (2015) 87:214.

 

Leitzmann, M.F. et al. “Ejaculation Frequency and Subsequent Risk of Prostate Cancer,” Journal of the American Medical Association (2004) 291:1578.

 

Oishi, K. et al. “A Case-Control Study of Prostatic Cancer Risk in Kyoto, Japan: Sexual Risk Factors,” Prostate (1990) 17:269.

 

Rider, J.R. et al. “Ejaculation Frequency and Risk of Prostate Cancer: Updated Results with an Additional Decade of Follow-Up,” European Urology (2016) 70:974.

 

Masturbation and mental health

Cyranowski, J.M. et al. “Lifetime Depression History and Sexual Function in Women in Midlife,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2004) 33:539.

 

Frolich, P. and C. Meston. “Sexual Functioning and Self-Reported Symptoms Among College Students,” Journal of Sex Research (2002) 39:321.

 

Brody, S. “The Relative Health Benefits of Different Sexual Activities,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7:1336.

 

Costa, R.M. “Masturbation is Related to Psychopathology and Prostate Dysfunction: Comment on Quinsey (2012),” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2012) 41:539.

 

The study documenting masturbation with or for a lover

Herbenick, D. et al. “Sexual Behavior in the United States: Results from a National Probability Sample of Men and Women Ages 14-94,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7(suppl 5):255.

 

Civil War Rev. James Cook Richmond’s erotic letter to Rosa Bielaski:

Lowry, T. The Story the Soldiers Wouldn’t Tell: Sex in the Civil War. Stackpole Books, Mechanicsburg, PA., 1994, pp. 160-161.

 

Weak erections during masturbation can be an early sign of cardiovascular disease

Huang, Y.P. et al. “Weaker Masturbatory Erection May Be a Sign of Early Cardiovascular Risk Associated with Erectile Dysfunction in Young Men Without Sexual Intercourse,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2014) 11:1519.

 

Rastrelli, G. et al. “Impaired Masturbation-Induced Erections: A New Cardiovascular Risk Factor for Male Subjects with Sexual Dysfunction,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2013) 10:1100.

 

Wives who masturbate to orgasm report greater self-esteem and sexual satisfaction

Hurlbert, D.F. and K.E. Whittaker. “The Role of Masturbation in Marital and Sexual Satisfaction: A Comparative Study of Female Masturbators and Non-Masturbators,” Journal of Sex Research (2009) 46:558.

 

  1. Consent

Lot offering his daughters to the men of Sodom

Genesis, 19:1-11.

 

The death toll from twenty-first-century honor killings

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Honor_killing

 

Spousal ownership in the Christian Bible

1 Corinthians, 7:3-4.

 

Affirmative consent?

Keenan, S. “Affirmative Consent: Are Students Really Asking?” New York Times, Aug. 2, 2015.

 

Medina, J. “Sex Ed Lesson: ‘Yes Means Yes,” But It’s Tricky,” New York Times, Oct. 15, 2015.

 

Demographics of sexual assault

https://www.rainn.org/statistics/victims-sexual-violence

 

  1. Loving Touch

Failure to thrive:

Gordon, E.G. and D.M. Vazquez. “Failure to Thrive: An Expanded Conceptual Model.” In New Directions in Failure to Thrive: Implications for Research and Practice. Dennis Drotar, editor. Springer, NY, 1985.

 

Henry Dwight Chapin, M.D., and mortality in foundling home infants

http://pages.uoregon.edu/adoption/archive/ChapinFvI.htm

http://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapediatrics/article-abstract/1179541

 

C-tactile nerve fibers

Bendas, J. et al. “C-Tactile Mediated Erotic Touch Perception Relates to Sexual Desire and Performance ij a Gender-Specific Way,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2017) 14:645.

 

Whole-body massage, a key to arousal:

Bancroft, J. et al. “The Relation Between Mood and Sexuality in Heterosexual Men,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2003) 32:217.

 

Brotto, L. et al. “Narratives of Desire in Mid-Age Women With and Without Arousal Difficulties,” Journal of Sex Research (2009) 46:387.

 

Carpenter, L.M. et al. “Physical Women, Emotional Men: Gender and Sexual Satisfaction in Midlife,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2009) 38:87.

 

Chivers, M.L. et al. “Agreement of Self-Reported and Genital Measures of Sexual Arousal in Men and Women,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2010) 39:5.

 

Fisher, W.A. et al. “Individual and Partner Correlates of Sexual Satisfaction and Relationship Happiness in Midlife Couples: Dyadic Analysis of the International Survey of Relationships,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2015) 44:1609.

 

Galinsky, A.M. “Sexual Touching and Difficulties with Sexual Arousal and Orgasm Among U.S. Older Adults,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2012) 41:875.

 

Gallace, A. and C. Spence. “The Science of Interpersonal Touch: An Overview,” Neuroscience and Bio-Behavioral Reviews (2010) 34:246.

 

Graham, C.A. et al. “The Sexual Excitation/Inhibition Inventory for Women: Psychometric Properties,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2006) 35:397.

 

Graham, C.A. et al. “Turning On and Turning Off: A Focus Group Study of the Factors that Effect Women’s Sexual Arousal,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2004) 33:527.

 

Hertenstein, M.J. et al. “The Communicative Functions of Touch in Humans, Non-Human Primates, and Rats: A Review and Synthesis of Empirical Research,” Genetic, Social, and General Psychology Monographs (2006) 132:5.

 

Janssen, E. et al. “Factors That Influence Sexual Arousal in Men: A Focus Group Study,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2008) 37:252.

 

Janssen, E. et al. “The Sexual Inhibition and Sexual Excitement Scales: Measuring Sexual Inhibition and Excitement Proneness in Men,” Journal of Sex Research (2002) 39:114.

 

Laan, E. et al. “Women’s Sexual and Emotional Responses to Male-Produced and Female-Produced Erotica,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1994) 23:153.

 

Laumann, E.O. et al. “A Cross-National Study of Subjective Sexual Well-Being Among Older Men and Women: Findings from the Global Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Behaviors,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2006) 35:145.

 

McCabe, M.P. “Intimacy and Quality of Life Among Sexually Dysfunctional Men and Women,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (1997) 23:276.

 

McCabe, M. et al. “Psychological and Interpersonal Dimensions of Sexual Function and Dysfunction,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7:327.

 

Moyer, C.A. et al. “A Meta-Analysis of Massage Therapy Research,” Psychological Bulletin (2004) 130:3.

 

Quackenbush, D.M. et al. “Gender Effects of Romantic Themes in Erotica,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1995) 24:21.

 

Quackbush, D.M. et al. “Gender Effects of Romantic Themes in Erotica,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1995) 24:21.

 

Santilla, P. et al. “Discrepancies Between Sexual Desire and Sexual Activity: Gender Differences and Associations with Relationship Satisfaction,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2008) 34:29.

 

Sims, K.E. and M. Meana. “Why Did Passion Wane? A Qualitative Study of Married Women’s Attributions for Decline in Sexual Desire,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2010) 36:360.

 

Varjonen, M. et al. “Genetic and Environmental Effects on Sexual Excitation and Sexual Inhibition in Men,” Journal of Sex Research (2007) 44:359.

 

Witting, K. et al. “Female Sexual Dysfunction, Sexual Distress, and Compatibility with Partner,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2008) 5:2587.

 

Healing benefits of massage:

Ang, J.Y. et al. “A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial of Massage Therapy on the Immune System of Preterm Infants,” Pediatrics (2012) 130:e1549.

 

Cohen, S. et al. “Does Hugging Provide Stress-Buffering Social Support? A Study of Susceptibility to Upper Respiratory Tract Infection and Illness,” Psychological Science (2015) 26:135.

 

Field, T. et al. “Yoga and Massage Therapy Reduce Prenatal Depression and Prematurity,” Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapy (2012) 16:204.

 

Khorsand, A. et al. “Evaluation of the Effect of Reflexology on Pain Control and Analgesic Consumption After Appendectomy,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (2015) 21:774.

 

Kumar, S. et al. “Effectiveness of Ayurvedic Massage (Sahacharadi Taila) in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial,” Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (2016) epub ahead of print. PMID: 27704865. DOI: 10.1089/acm.2015.0272.

 

Lee, S.H. et al. “Meta-Analysis of Massage Therapy for Cancer Pain,” Integrative Cancer Therapies (2015) 14:297.

 

Kissing

Kirshenbaum. Sheril. The Science of Kissing: What Our Lips Tell Us. Grand Central Publishing, 2011.

 

Meston, CM and DM Buss. “Why Humans Have Sex,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2007) 36:477.

 

Ryan, Christopher and Cacilda Jetha. Sex At Dawn: The Prehistoric Origins of Modern Sexuality. Harper-Collins, 2010.

 

Teifer, Lenore. “The Kiss: The Kinsey Institute 50th Anniversary Lecture,” Oct. 24, 1998.

 

Genital embryology: So That’s How It Feels

Chalker, R. The Clitoral Truth. Seven Stories, NY, 2002.

 

Studies demonstrating the importance of cuddling after sex.

Byers, E.S. “Relationship Satisfaction and Sexual Satisfaction: A Longitudinal Study of Individuals in Long-Term Relationships,” Journal of Sex Research (2005) 42:113.

 

Call, V. et al. “The Incidence and Frequency of Marital Sex in a National Sample,” Journal of Marriage and the Family (1995) 57:639.

 

Gulledge, A.K. et al. Romantic Physical Affection Types and Relationship Satisfaction,” American Journal of Family Therapy (2003) 31:233.

 

Heiman, J.R. et al. “Sexual Satisfaction and Relationship Happiness in Midlife and Older Couples in Five Countries,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2011) 40:741.

 

Hughes, S.M. and D.J. Kruger. “Sex Differences in Post-Coital Behavior in Long- and Short-Term Mating: An Evolutionary Perspective,” Journal of Sex Research (2011) 48:496.

 

Muise, A. et al. “Post-Sex Affectionate Exchanges Promote Sexual and Relationship Satisfaction,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2014) 43:1391.

 

Van Anders, S.M. et al. “Descriptive Experiences and Sexual Vs. Nurturant Aspects of Cuddling Between Adult Romantic Partners,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2013) 42:553.

 

  1. Coaching

The fragile male ego

Salisbury, C.M. and W.A. Fisher. “’Did You Come?’ A Qualitative Exploration of Gender Differences in Beliefs, Experiences, and Concerns Regarding Female Orgasm Occurrence During Heterosexual Sexual Interactions,” Journal of Sex Research (2014) 51:616.

 

15 percent of women report sexual pain

Laumann, E.O et al. The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States, University of Chicago Press, 1994.

 

Laumann, E.O. et al. “Sexual Dysfunction Among Older Adults: Prevalence and Risk Factors from a Nationally Representative U.S. Probability Sample of Men and Women 57-85 Years of Age,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2008) 5:2300.

 

Coaching helps relieve women’s sexual pain

Anderson, A.B. et al. “Associations Between Penetration Cognitions, Genital Pain, and Sexual Well-Being in Women with Provoked Vestibulodynia,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2016) 13:444.

 

Boerner, K.E. and N.O. Rosen. “Acceptance of Vulvovaginal Pain in Women with Provoked Vestibulodynia and Their Partners: Associations with Pain, Psychological, and Sexual Adjustment,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:1450.

 

Lemieux, A.J. et al. “Do Romantic Partners’ Responses to Entry Dyspareunia Affect Women’s Experience of Pain? The Roles of Catastrophizing and Self-Efficacy,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2013) 10:2274.

 

Rancourt, K.M. et al. “It Takes Two: Sexual Communication Patterns and the Sexual and Relational Adjustments of Couples Coping with Provoked Vestibulodynia,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2017) 14:434.

 

Rancourt, K.M. et al. “Talking About Sex When Sex Is Painful: Dyadic Sexual Communication is Associated with Women’s Pain, and Couples’ Sexual and Psychological Outcomes in Provoked Vestibulodynia,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2016) 45:1933.

 

  1. Lubricants

Prevalence of vaginal dryness

Laumann, E.O. et al. “Sexual Dysfunction in the United States: Prevalence and Predictors,” Journal of the American Medical Association (1999) 281:537.

 

Laumann, E.O. et al. Sexual Dysfunction Among Older Adults: Prevalence and Risk Factors from a Nationally Representative U.S. Probability Sample of Men and Women 57-85 Years of Age,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2008) 5:2300.

 

Orgin of natural vaginal lubrication and factors that affect it

Berman, J.R. “Physiology of Female Sexual Function and Dysfunction,” International Journal of Impotence Research (2005) 17:S41.

 

http://aibolita.com/sundries/15502-physiology-of-vaginal-lubrication.html

 

Origin of pre-ejaculatory fluid

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pre-ejaculate

 

Lubricant sales 1991 and 2015

http://answers.google.com/answers/threadview/id/716392.html

 

http://www.hopesandfears.com/hopes/now/question/214049-lube-question

 

Around 50 million U.S. lovers use lubricants

https://www.statista.com/statistics/276824/us-households-usage-of-personal-lubricants/

 

Indiana University study of women’s feelings about lube

Jozkowski, K.N. et al. “Women’s Perceptions About Lubricant Use and Vaginal Wetness During Sexual Activities,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2013) 10:484.

 

Women say lubricants make sex more enjoyable

Herbenick, D. et al. “Association of Lubricant Use With Women’s Sexual Pleasure, Sexual Satisfaction, and Genital Symptoms: A Prospective Diary Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2011) 8:202.

 

Herbenick, D. et al. “Characteristics of Condoms and Lubricant Use Among a Nationally Representative Probability Sample of Adults Ages 18-59 in the United States,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2013) 10:474.

 

Hickey, M. et al. “A Randomized, Double-Blind, Crossover Trial Comparing a Silicone- vs. Water-Based Lubricant for Sexual Discomfort After Breast Cancer,” Breast Cancer Research and Treatment (2016) 158:79.

 

Jozkowski, K.N. et al. “Women’s Perceptions About Lubricant Use and Vaginal Wetness During Sexual Activities,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2013) 10:484.

 

Laumann, E.O. et al. The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States. University of Chicago Press. Chicago. 1994.

 

  1. Oral

Other mammals have oral sex

http://www.livescience.com/46364-brown-bears-caught-performing-oral-sex.html

 

History of oral sex

Tannahill, Reay. Sex in History. Stein and Day, NY, 1980.

 

Clarke, John R. Roman Sex. Harry N. Abrams, NY 2003.

 

Doniger, Wendy and Sudhir Kakar. Vatsyayana Kamasutra. Oxford University Press, NY, 2002.

 

Berkowitz, Eric. Sex and Punishment. Counterpoint Press, Berkeley, CA 2012.

 

Armstrong, David and Liz Metzger Armstrong. The Great American Medicine Show. Prentice Hall, NY, 1991.

 

https://mic.com/articles/144460/a-history-of-oral-sex-from-fellatio-s-ancient-roots-to-the-modern-blow-job#.OYjXq0MO7

 

Women’s insecurities about vaginal odor

Grimley, D.M. et al. “Vaginal Douches and Other Feminine Hygiene Products: Women’s Practices and Perceptions of Product Safety,” Maternal and Child Health (2006) 10:303.

 

Martino, J.L. and S.H. Vermund. “Vaginal Douching: Evidence for Risks or Benefits to Women’s Health,” Epidemiologic Reviews (2002) 24:109.

 

Stephens-Davidowitz, S. “Searching for Sex,” New York Times, Jan. 25, 2015.

 

Deep Throat cost and revenue

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deep_Throat_(film)

 

TURP and retrograde ejaculation

http://www.sexhealthmatters.org/did-you-know/turp-prostate-surgery-and-retrograde-ejaculation-did-you-know

 

 

  1. Novelty

New York Times survey: two-thirds called their sex lives boring

New York Times Magazine, Nov. 19, 2017, p. 8.

 

President and Mrs. Coolidge at the chicken coop

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coolidge_effect

 

Prevalence of desire/arousal problems:

Gottlieb, L. “The Egalitarian-Marriage Conundrum,” New York Times Magazine, Feb. 6, 2014.

 

Laumann, E.O et al. The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States, University of Chicago Press, 1994.

 

Lindau, S.T. et al. “A Study of Sexuality and Health Among Older Adults in the United States,” New England Journal of Medicine (2007) 357:762.

 

Perel, E. Mating in Captivity: Unlocking Erotic Intelligence. Harper. NY, 2017.

 

Helen Fisher’s research

Fisher, Helen. Why We Love: The Nature and Chemistry of Romantic Love. Henry Hold, NY, 2004.

 

Dopamine fuels erotic heat

Giuliano F. and J. Allard. “Dopamine and Sexual Function,” International Journal of Impotence Research (2001) 13(Suppl 3):S18.

 

Kruger, T.H.C. et al. “Prolactinergic and Dopaminergic Mechanisms Underlying Sexual Arousal and Orgasm In Humans,” World Journal of Urology (2005) 23:130.

 

Melis, M.R. and A. Argiolas. “Dopamine and Sexual Behavior,” Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews (1995) 19:19.

 

Novelty enhances sexual functioning

Morton, H. and B.B. Gorzalka. “Role of Partner Novelty in Sexual Functioning: A Review,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2015) 41:593.

 

45 percent of marriages end in divorce

http://www.apa.org/topics/divorce/

 

Studies of marital infidelity

Hite, Shere. The Hite Report: A Nationwide Study of Female Sexuality. Macmillan, NY, 1976.

 

Hite, Shere. The Hite Report on Male Sexuality. Knopf, NY, 1981.

 

Laumann, E.O. et al. The Sexual Organization of the City. University of Chicago Press, 2004.

 

Atwood, A.D. and L. Schwartz. “Cyber-Sex: The New Affair and Treatment Considerations,” Journal of Couple and Relationship Therapy (2002) 1:37.

 

https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/five-myths-about-cheating/2012/02/08/gIQANGdaBR_story.html?utm_term=.64af6f2f8577

 

10 percent of children tested were not the offspring of their legal fathers

Morell, V. “A New Look at Monogamy,” Science (1998) 28:1982.

 

  1. Fantasy

Sexual fantasies in general

Carvalho, J. et al. “Gender Differences in Sexual Arousal and Affective Responses to Erotica: The Effects of Type of Film and Fantasy Instructions,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2013) 42:1011.

 

Follingstad, D.R. and C.D. Kimbrell. “Sex Fantasi3s Revisited: An Expansion and Further Clarification of Variables Affecting Sex Fantasy Production,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1986) 15:475.

 

Friday, N. My Secret Garden: Women’s Sexual Fantasies. Simon & Schuster, NY, 1973.

 

Friday, N. Forbidden Flowers: More Women’s Sexual Fantasies. Simon & Schuster, NY, 1975.

 

Friday, N. Men in Love, Men’s Sexual Fantasies: The Triumph of Love Over Rage. Dell, NY, 1980.

 

Friday, N. Beyond My Control: Forbidden Fantasies in an Uncensored Age. Sourcebooks, 2009.

 

Goleman, D. “New View of Fantasy: Much is Found Perverse,” New York Times, May 7, 1991.

 

Gottlieb, L. “The Egalitarian-Marriage Conundrum,” New York Times Magazine, Feb. 6, 2014.

 

Keating, J. and R. Over. “Sexual Fantasies of Heterosexual and Homosexual Men,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1990) 19:461.

 

Leitenberg, H. and K. Henning. “Sexual Fantasy,” Psychological Bulletin (1995) 117:469.

 

Purifoy, F.E. et al. “The Relationship of Sexual Daydreaming to Sexual Activity, Sex Drive, and Sexual Attitudes for Women Across the Lifespan,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1992) 21:369.

 

Rokach, A. “Content Analysis of Sexual Fantasies of Males and Females,” Journal of Psychology (1990) 124:427.

 

Visser, B.A. et al. “Psychopathic Sexuality: The Thin Line Between Fantasy and Reality,” Journal of Personality (2015) 83:376.

 

Zubriggen, E.L. and M.R. Yost. “Power Desire, and Pleasure in Sexual Fantasies,” Journal of Sex Research (2004) 41:288.

 

Even bizarre, abusive fantasies are no reflection on mental health. Kahr, B. Who’s Been Sleeping in Your Head? The Secret World of Sexual Fantasies. Basic Books, NY, 2008.

 

The top fantasy is sex with someone else.

Follingstad, D.R. and C.D. Kimbrell. “Sex Fantasies Revisited: An Expansion and Further Clarification of Variables Affecting Sex Fantasy Production,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1986) 15:475.

 

Hicks, T.V. and H. Leitenberg. “Sexual Fantasies About One’s Partner Versus Someone Else: Gender Differences and Incidence in Frequency,” Journal of Sex Research (2001) 38:43.

 

Joyal, C.C. et al. “What Exactly Is an Unusual Sexual Fantasy?” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:328.

 

Kahr, B. Who’s Been Sleeping in Your Head? The Secret World of Sexual Fantasies. Basic Books, NY, 2008

 

Rokach, A. “Content Analysis of Sexual Fantasies of Males and Females,” Journal of Psychology (1990) 124:427.

 

The survey asking if it’s okay to fantasize about other lovers

New York Times Magazine, May 7, 2000, p. 76.

 

People who question their fantasies report less fulfilling sex.

Cado, S. and H. Leitenberg. “Guilt Reactions to Sexual Fantasies During Intercourse,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1990) 19:49

 

Davidson, J.K. and L.E. Hoffman. “Sexual Fantasies and Sexual Satisfaction: An Empirical Analysis of Erotic Thought,” Journal of Sex Research (1986) 22:184.

 

Should couples reveal their sexual fantasies?

Anderson M. “Sexual Communication in Romantic Relationships: An Investigation Into the Disclosure of Sexual Fantasies,” Dissertation Abstracts. ProQuest Information & Learning (2012) AA13489846.

 

Why women have rape fantasies.

Bivona, JM et al. “Women’s Rape Fantasies: An Empirical Evaluation of the Major Explanations,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2012) 41:1107.

 

Bivona, JM and. “The Nature of Women’s Rape Fantasies: An Analysis of Prevalence, Frequency, and Contents,” Journal of Sex Research (2009) 46:33.

 

Critelli, JW and JM Bivona. “Women’s Erotic Rape Fantasies: An Evaluation of Theory and Research,” Journal of Sex Research (2008) 45:57.

 

Gold, S.R. et al. “Two Studies of Female’s Force Fantasies,” Journal of Sex Education and Therapy (1991) 17:15.

 

Hawley, P.H. and W.A. Hensley. “Social Dominance and Forceful Submission Fantasies: Feminine Pathology or Power?” Journal of Sex Research (2009) 46:568.

 

Kanin, E.J. “Female Rape Fantasies: A Victimization Study,” Victimology: An International Journal (1982) 7:114.

 

Malamuth, N.M. “Rape Fantasies as a Function of Exposure to Violent Sexual Stimuli,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1981) 10:33.

 

Moreault, D. et al. “Sexual Fantasies of Females as a Function of Sex Guilt and Experimental Response Cues,” Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology (1978) 46:1385.

 

Shulman, JL and SG Horne. “Guilty or Not? A Path Model of Women’s Forceful Sexual Fantasies,” Journal of Sex Research (2006) 43:368.

 

Spitzberg, B. “An Analysis of Empirical Estimates of Sexual Aggression Victimization and Perpetration,” Violence and Victims (1999) 14:241.

 

Strassberg, DS and LK Lokerd,” Force in Women’s Sexual Fantasies,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1998) 27:403.

 

Suschinsky, K.D. and M.L. Lalumiere. “Prepared for Anything? An Investigation of Female Genital Arousal in Response to Rape Cues,” Psychological Science (2011) 22:159.

 

  1. Circumcision

Circumcision reduces men’s AIDS risk 60%

www.who.int/hiv/topics/malecircumcision/en/

 

Studies of circumcision’s sexual impact

Bossio, J.A. et al. “Examining Penile Sensitivity in Neonatally Circumcised and Intact Men Using Quantitative Sensory Testing,” Journal of Urology (2016) 195:1848.

 

Bronselaer, G.A. et al. “Male Circumcision Decreases Penile Sensitivity As Measured in a Large Cohort,” BJU International (2013) 111:820.

 

Homfray, V. et al. “Examining the Association Between Male Circumcision and Sexual Function: Evidence from a British Probability Survey,” AIDS (2015) 29:1411.

 

Kigozi, G. et al. “The Effect of Male Circumcision on Sexual Satisfaction and Function: Results from a Randomized Trial of Male Circumcision for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Prevention in Rakai, Uganda,” BJU [formerly British Journal of Urology] (2008) 101:65.

 

Krieger, J.N. et al. “Adult Male Circumcision: Effects on Sexual Function and Satisfaction in Kisumuy, Kenya,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2008) 5:2610.

 

Laumann, E.O. et al. “Circumcision in the United States: Prevalence, Prophylactic Effects, and Sexual Practice,” Journal of the American Medical Association (1997) 277:1052.

 

Malkoc, E. et al. “Free Nerve Ending Density on Skin Extracted by Circumcision and Its Relation to Premature Ejaculation,” Journal of Andrology (2012) 33:1263.

 

Morris, B.J. et al. “Does Male Circumcision Affect Sexual Function, Sensitivity, or Satisfaction? A Systematic Review,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2013) 10:2644.

 

Richters, J. et al. “Circumcision in Australia: Prevalence and Effects on Sexual Health,” International Journal of STDs and AIDS (2006) 17:547.

 

Sneppen, I. and J. Thorup. “Foreskin Morbidity in Uncircumcised Males,” Pediatrics (2016) 137(5) e20154340; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2015-4340

 

Yang, Y. et al. “Circumcision Does Not Have Effect on Premature Ejaculation: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,” Andrologia (2017)  DoOI 10.1111/and.12851.

 

  1. Toddlers, Preschoolers
  • During previous centuries, many children witnessed adult sex in their homes:
  • D’Emilio, J. and E. Freedman. Intimate Matters: A History of Sexuality in America (3rd edition). University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 2012, p. 17.

 

  • The near-universality and general harmlessness of childhood sex play:
  • Ford, CS and FA Beach. Patterns of Sexual Behavior. Harper & Row, NY, 1951.
  • Okami, P et al. “Sexual Experiences in Early Childhood: 18-Year Longitudinal Data for the UCLA Family Lifestyles Project,” Journal of Sex Research (1997) 4:339.
  • Greenwald, E. and H. Leitenberg.” “Long-Term Effects of Sexual Experience with Siblings and Non-Siblings During Childhood,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1989) 18:389.
  • Kilpatrick, A.C. “Some Correlates of Women’s Childhood Sexual Experiences: A Retrospective Study,” Journal of Sex Research (1986) 22:221.
  • Lewis, R. and L.H. Janda. “The Relationship Between Adult Sexual Adjustment and Childhood Experiences Regarding Exposure to Nudity, Sleeping in the Parental Bed, and Parental Attitudes Toward Sexuality,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1988) 17:349.
  • Laarsson, I.B. and C.G. Svedin. “Sexual Experiences in Childhood: Young Adults’ Recollections,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2002) 31:263.
  • Reynolds, M.A. “The Development of Sexuality: The Impact of Childhood Sexual Play on Adult Sexuality,” Ph.D. dissertation, 1997. http://search.proquest.com.ucsf.idm.oclc.org/docview/619258931?accountid=14525.
  • “If you’re old enough to want sex, you’re old enough to have it.”
  • Levine, J. Harmful to Minors 33.
  • The rarity of kiddie porn:
  • Lawrence, S. “The Child Porn Myth,” Cardozo Arts and Entertainment Law Journal (1989) 7:295.
  • Densen-Gerber’s Congressional testimony:
  • S. House Judiciary Committee. “Sexual Exploitation of Children: Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Crime,” 95th Congress, first session, 1977, pp. 42-48.
  • Densen-Gerber, J. and S.F. Hutchinson. “Sexual and Commercial Exploitation of Children,” Child Abuse and Neglect (1979) 3:61.
  • Densen-Gerber’s disgrace:
  • Levine, J. Harmful to Minors 33.
  • Suppression of Show Me!
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Show_Me!
  • Los Angeles Times review of Show Me!
  • “Is America Ready?” LA Times, March 9, 1975.
  • Statistics about sentencing for kiddie porn:
  • http://famm.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/FS-Intro-to-Child-Porn-8.22.13-fixed.pdf
  • The McMartin Preschool case:
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/McMartin_preschool_trial
  • Megan’s Laws
  • Levine, J. Harmful to Minors 42.
  • Childhood abduction statistics:
  • https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/196465.pdf
  • Recidivism rates, non-sex crimes:
  • Cooper, A.D., et al. “Recidivism of Prisoners Released in 30 States in 2005: Patterns From 2005 To 2010.” Bureau of Justice Statistics (2014)
  • http://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetail&iid=4986
  • Recidivism rates, sex crimes:
  • Przybylski, R. “Adult Sex Offender Recidivism,” Chapter 5 of the Office of Criminal Justice Programs’ Sex Offender Management Assessment and Planning Initiative. (2004)
  • http://www.smart.gov/SOMAPI/sec1/ch5_recidivism.html
  • Hanson, RK and MT Bussiere. “Predictors of Sexual Offender Recidivism: A Meta-Analysis,” Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology (1996) 66:2.
  • S. Justice Dept. 2002 missing children report
  • http://www.missingkids.com/publications/PDF23a
  • National Sexual Health Survey, University of California, San Francisco
  • http://www.socio.com/pet0204.php
  • The parent-child sex education books I reviewed:
  • Bailey, J. and J. McCafferty. Sex, Puberty, and All That Stuff: A Guide to Growing Up. Barron’s Educational, NY, 2004.
  • Brown, L.K. and M. Brown. What’s the Big Secret? Talking About Sex with Girls and Boys. Little Brown, NY, 1997.
  • Cole, J. Asking About Sex and Growing Up: A Question-and-Answer Book for Kids (revised edition). HarperCollins, NY, 2009.
  • Harris, R.H and M. Emberley. It’s Perfectly Normal: Changing Bodies, Growing Up, Sex, and Sexual Health. Candlewick Press, Somerville, MA, 2014.
  • Madaras, L. with A. Madaras. The “What’s Happening to My Body?” Book for Boys. William Morrow, NY, 2007.
  • Madaras, L. with A. Madaras. The “What’s Happening to My Body?” Book for Girls. William Morrow, NY, 2007.
  • Mayle, P. Where Did I Come From? Lyle Stuart, NY, 1973.
  • Planned Parenthood, Mar Monte. Let’s Talk About Sex (2nd edition). Book Peddlers, Minnetonka, MN, 2005.
  • Schiffer, H.B. How To Be the Best Lover: A Guide for Teenage Boys. Heartful Loving Press, Santa Barbara, CA, 2004.
  • Embryonic cells that become the penis in boys become the vulva and clitoris in girls.
  • http://www.amazon.com/Clitoral-Truth-Secret-World-Fingertips/dp/1583224734/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1461444980&sr=1-1&keywords=The+Clitoral+Truth
  • Women are much less likely than men to have orgasms.
  • Richters, J. et al. “Sexual Practices at Last Heterosexual Encounter and Occurrence of Orgasm in a National Survey,” Journal of Sex Research (2006) 43:217.
  • Salisbury, C.M.A. and W.A. Fisher. “’Did You Come?’ A Qualitative Exploration of Gender Differences in Beliefs, Experiences, and Concerns Regarding Female Orgasm Occurrence During Heterosexual Sexual Interactions,” Journal of Sex Research (2014) 51:616.
  • Wade, L.D. et al. “The Incidental Orgasm: The Presence of Clitoral Knowledge and the Absence of Orgasm for Women,” Women and Health (2005) 42:117.
  • Only 25 percent of women are consistently orgasmic from penis-vagina intercourse.
  • E. The Case of the Female Orgasm: Bias in the Science of Evolution. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 2005.

Richters, J. et al. “Sexual Practices at Last Heterosexual Encounter and Occurrence of Orgasm in a National Survey,” Journal of Sex Research (2006) 43:217.

 

  1. Child Sex Abuse and Recovery

Estimated prevalence of child sexual abuse by advocacy organizations

https://www.rainn.org/statistics/children-and-teens

http://www.naasca.org/2012-Resources/010812-StaisticsOfChildAbuse.htm

http://www.d2l.org/the-issue/statistics/

 

The rate of child sexual abuse has declined

Finkelhor, D. and L. Jones. “Why Have Child Maltreatment and Child Victimization Declined?” Journal of Social Issues (2006) 62:685.

 

Books about child sex abuse and recovery

Bass, Ellen and Laura Davis. The Courage to Heal: A Guide for Women Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse (20th Anniversary edition). William Morrow, NY, 2008.

 

Davis, Laura. Allies in Healing: When the Person You Love Was Sexually Abused as a Child. William Morrow, NY, 1991.

 

Haines, Staci. Healing Sex: A Mind-Body Approach to Healing Sexual Trauma. Cleis Press, San Francisco, 2007.

 

Consequences of child sexual abuse

Bachman, G.A. et al. :”Childhood Sexual Abuse and Its Consequences in Adult Women,” Obstetrics and Gynecology (1988) 71:631.

 

Banyard, V.L. “The Impact of Childhood Sexual Abuse and Family Functioning on Four Dimensions of Women’s Later Parenting,” Child Abuse and Neglect (1997) 21:1095.

 

Banyard, V.L. et al. “Childhood Sexual Abuse: A Gender Perspective on Context and Consequences,” Child Maltreatment (2004) 9:223.

 

Butler, D.J. et al. “Men Sexually Abused in Childhood: Sequelae and Implications for the Family Physician,” Archives of Family Medicine (1993) 2:29.

 

Cuevas, C.A. et al. “Psychological Distress As a Risk Factor for Re-Victimization in Children,” Child Abuse and Neglect (2010) 34:235.

 

Hornor, G. “Child Sex Abuse: Consequences and Implications,” Journal of Pediatric Health Care (2010) 24:358.

 

Lind, M.J. et al. “An Epidemiologic Study of Childhood Sexual Abuse and Adult Sleep Disturbances,” Psychology of Trauma (2016) 8:198.

 

Moraise, H.D. et al “Childhood Sexual Abuse in Adolescents Adjudicated for Sexual Offenses: Mental Health Consequences and Sexual Offending Behavior,” Sex Abuse (2016) epub ahead of print.

 

Newcomb, M.D. et al. “Child Sex Abuse Consequences in a Community Sample of Latino and European American Adolescents,” Child Abuse and Neglect (2009) 33:533.

 

Skinner, M.L. et al. “Adult Binge Drinking: Childhood Sexual Abuse, Gender, and the Role of Adolescent Alcohol0Related Experiences,” Alcohol and Alcoholism (2016) 51:136.

 

Talbot, N.L. et al. “Childhood Sexual Abuse Is Associated with Physical Illness Burden and Functioning in Psychiatric Patients 50 Years of Age and Older,” Psychosomatic Medicine (2009) 71:417.

 

Waller, G. “Childhood Sexual Abuse and Borderline Personality Disorder in the Eating Disorders,” Child Abuse and Neglect (1994) 18:97.

 

Wilson, L.C. and A. Scarpa. “Unacknowledged Rape: The Influences of Child Sexual Abuse and Personality Traits,” Journal of Child Sex Abuse (2015) 24:975.

 

Wilson, D.R. “Health Consequences of Childhood Sexual Abuse,” Perspectives on Psychiatric Care (2010) 46:56.

 

Comparison of two approaches to child sex abuse recovery

Brotto, L.A. et al. “Pilot Study of a Brief Cognitive Behavioral Versus Mindfulness-Based Intervention for Women with Sexual Distress and a History of Childhood Sexual Abuse,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2012) 38:1.

 

  1. Age of Consent

 

Statues governing child marriage

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Age_of_marriage_in_the_United_States

 

Efforts to change child-marriage laws

Foderado, L. “It’s Legal for 14-YTear-Olds to Marry. Cuomo Disapproves.” New York Times, March 14, 2017.

 

Kristof, N. “’It Was Forced on Me:’ Child Marriage in the U.S.,” New York Times, May 28, 2017.

 

  • Cougar-cub sex: Is it child sex abuse?
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Kay_Letourneau
  • Hines, D.A. and D. Finelhor. “Statutory Sex Crime Relationships Between Juveniles and Adults: A Review of Social Scientific Research,” Aggression and Violent Behavior (2007) 12:300.
  • Trantham, S.M. “Male Psychological Adjustment Related to Early Sexual Experiences: Childhood Sex Abuse,” Ph.D. dissertation. 1999.

http://search.proquest.com.ucsf.idm.oclc.org/docview/619445843?accountid=114525.

 

  1. School Sex Education

In 2016, the federal government spent $216 million on teen sex education efforts.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sex_education_in_the_United_States

 

Since 1991, teen sex has declined considerably.

https://www.cdc.gov/teenpregnancy/about/

 

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/65/ss/pdfs/ss6509.pdf

 

https://www.cdc.gov/std/stats15/tables/1.htm

 

 

Lindberg, L. et al. “Understanding the Decline in Adolescent Fertility in the United States, 2007-2012,” Journal of Adolescent Health (2016) 59:577.

 

Parker-Pope, T. “The Myth of Rampant Teen Promiscuity,” New York Times, Jan. 27, 2009.

 

Tavernise, S. “U.S. Fertility Rate Falls to a Record Low, For the Second Straight Year,” New York Times, May 16, 2018.

 

What teens actually do sexually

Herbenick, D. et al. “Sexual Behavior in the United States: Results from a National Probability Sample of Men and Women Ages 14-94,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7(Suppl):255.

 

Orenstein, P. Girls and Sex: Navigating the Complicated New Landscape. Harper, NY, 2016.

 

Approaches to delaying teen sexual initiation and preventing pregnancies and STIs.

Kirby, D. “Emerging Answers: Research Findings on Programs to Reduce Teen Pregnancy and Sexually Transmitted Diseases,” The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy (2007)

 

School-based abstinence-only sex education does not reduce teen pregnancies or STIs.

New York Times Editorial Board. “The New Era of Abstinence,” New York Times, May 5, 2018.

 

Altman, LK. “Study Finds That Teenage Virginity Pledges Are Rarely Kept,” New York Times, March 10, 2004.

 

Bleaky, A. et al. “Public Opinion on Sex Education in U.S. Schools,” Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine (2006) 160:1151.

 

Bruckner, H. and P. Bearman “After the Promise: The STD Consequences of Adolescent Virginity Pledges,” Journal of Adolescent Health (2005) 36:271.

 

DiCenso, A et al. “Interventions to Reduce Unintended Pregnancies Among Adolescents: Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials,” BMJ [formerly British Medical Journal] (2002) 324(7351):1426.

 

Fortenberry, D.J. “The Limits of Abstinence-Only in Preventing Sexually Transmitted Infections,” Journal of Adolescent Health (2005) 36:269.

 

Lindau. S.T. et al. “What Schools Teach Our Patients about Sex: Content, Quality, and Influences on Sex Education,” Obstetrics and Gynecology (2008) 111:256.

 

Phipps, M.G. “Consequences of Inadequate Sex Education in the United States,” Obstetrics and Gynecology (2008) 111:254.

 

Rosenbaum, J.E. “Patient Teenagers? A Comparison of the Sexual Behavior of Virginity Pledgers and Matched Non-Pledgers,” Pediatrics (2009) 123:e110. Doi: 10.1542/peds.2008-0407.

 

Stanger-Hall, K.F. and D.W. Hall. “Abstinence-Only Education and Teen Pregnancy Rates: Why We Need Comprehensive Sex Education in the U.S.,” PlosOne. (2011) http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0024658.

 

Prohibiting sexual thoughts triggers sexual thoughts

Efrati, Y. “God, I Can’t Stop Thinking About Sex! The Rebound Effect in Unsuccessful Suppression of Sexual Thoughts Among Religious Adolescents,” Journal of Sex Research (2018) epub ahead of print.

 

The vast majority of Americans have sex before marriage

Laumann, E.O. et al. The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States. University of Chicago Press, 1994. pp. 502-505.

 

Finer, L. “Trends in Premarital Sex in the United States: 1954-2003,” Public Health Reports (2007) 122:73.

 

School-based comprehensive sex education does not reduce teen pregnancies or STIs.

Abe, Y. et al. “Culturally Responsive Adolescent Pregnancy and Sexually Transmitted Infection Prevention Program for Middle School Students in Hawaii,” American Journal of Public Health (2016) 106:S110.

 

Barbee, A.P. et al. “Impact of Two Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Interventions on Risky Sexual Behavior: A Three-Arm Cluster Randomized Control Trial,” American Journal of Public Health (2016) 106:S85.

 

Bogani, G. et al. “Impact of School-Based Educational Programs on Sexual Behaviors Among Adolescents, in Northern Italy,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2015) 41:121.

 

Bull, S. et al. “Text Messaging, Teen Outreach Program, and Sexual Health Behavior: A Cluster Randomized Trial,” American Journal of Public Health (2016) 106:S117.

 

Calise, T.V. et al. “’Healthy Futures’ Program and Adolescent Sexual Behaviors in 3 Massachusetts Cities: A Randomized Controlled Trial,” American Journal of Public Health (2016) 106:S103.

 

DiCenso, A et al. “Interventions to Reduce Unintended Pregnancies Among Adolescents: Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials,” BMJ [formerly British Medical Journal] (2002) 324(7351):1426.

 

Francis, K. et al. “Scalability of an Evidence-Based Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Program: New Evidence from 5 Cluster-Randomized Evaluations of the Teen Outreach Program,” American Journal of Public Health (2016) 106:S32.

 

Gelfond, J. et al. “Preventing Pregnancy in High School Students: Observations From a 3-Year Longitudinal, Quasi-Experimental Study,” American Journal of Public Health (2016) 106:S97.

 

Goesling, B. et al. “Impacts of an Enhances Family Health and Sexuality Module of the Health Teacher Middle-School Curriculum: A Cluster Randomized Trial,” American Journal of Public Health (2016) 106:S125.

 

Jenner, E. et al. “Impact of an Intervention Designed to Reduce Sexual Health Risk Behaviors of African-American Adolescents: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial,” American Journal of Public Health (2016) 106:S78.

 

Kelsey, M. et al. “Replicating “Reducing the Risk:” 12-onth Impacts of a Cluster Randomized Trial,” American Journal of Public Health (2016) 106:S45.

 

Kelsey, M. et al. “Replicating the Safer Sex Intervention: 9-Month Impact Findings of a Randomized Controlled Trial,” American Journal of Public Health (2016) 106:S53.

 

Kelsey, M. et al. “Replicating ‘Cuidate!:’ 6-Month Impact Findings of a Randomized Controlled Trial,” American Journal of Public Health (2016) 106:S70.

 

Kirby, D. “Effective Approaches to Reducing Adolescent Unprotected Sex, Pregnancy, and Childbearing,” Journal of Sex Research (2002) 39:51.

 

Kirby, D. “The Impact of Schools and School Programs Upon Adolescent Sexual Behavior,” Journal of Sex Research (2002) 39:27.

 

LaChance, R.B. “A Clustered Randomized Controlled Trial of the Positive Prevention PLUS Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Program,” American Journal of Public Health (2016) 106:S91.

 

Mason-Jones, A.J. et al. “School-Based Interventions for Pre venting HIV, sexually Transmitted Infections, and Pregnancy in Adolescents,” Cochrane Database Systematic Reviews (106) 11:CD006417.

 

Potter, S.C. et al. “’It’s Your Game…Keep It Real’ in South Carolina: A Group Randomization Trial Evaluating the Replication of an Evidence-Based Adolescent Pregnancy and Sexually Transmitted Infection Prevention Program,” American Journal of Public Health (2016) 106:S60.

 

Robinson, W.T. et al. “Randomized Trial of the Teen Outreach Program in Louisiana and Rochester, New York,” American Journal of Public Health (2016) 106:S39.

 

Do condoms spur promiscuity?

Shafii, T. et al. “Association Between Condom Use at Sexual Debut and Subsequent Sexual Trajectories: A Longitudinal Study Using Biomarkers,” American Journal of Public Health (2007) 97:1090.

 

The changing teen pregnancy rate since 1960

https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db89.pdf

 

The analysis of 52 studies of parental impact on teen sex

Widman, L, et al. “Parent-Adolescent Sexual Communication and Adolescent Safer-Sex Behavior: A Meta-Analysis,” JAMA Pediatrics (2016) 170:52.

 

Parent-teen sexual discussions produce a substantial decrease in teen pregnancies and STIs.

Aspy, C.B. et al. “Parental Communication and Youth Sexual Behavior,” Journal of Adolescence (2007) 30:449.

 

De Looze, M. et al. “Parent-Adolescent Sexual Communication and Its Association with Adolescent Sexual Behaviors: A Nationally Representative Analysis in the Netherlands,” Journal of Sex Research (2015) 52:257.

 

Demitriou, E. and D.W. Kaplan. “Adolescent Contraceptive Use and Parental Notification,” American Journal of Diseases of Children (1989) 143:1166.

 

Kastner, L.S. “Ecological Factors Predicting Adolescent Contraceptive Use: Implications for Intervention,” Journal of Adolescent Health Care (1984) 5:798.

 

Pick, S. and P.A. Palos. “Impact of the Family on the Sex Lives of Adolescents,” Adolescence (1995) 30:667.

 

Widman, L. et al. “Sexual Communication Between Early Adolescents and Their Dating Partners, Parents, and Best Friends,” Journal of Sex Research (2014) 51:731.

 

Parent-teen discussions of sex delay first intercourse and significantly increase youth’s sexual responsibility.

Crosby, R.A. et al. “The Protective Value of Parental Sex Education: A Clinic-Based Exploratory Study of Adolescent Females,” Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, (2009) 22:189.

 

Demetriou, E. and D.W. Kaplan. “Adolescent Contraceptive Use and Parental Notification,” American Journal of Diseases of Children (1989) 143:1166.

 

DiIorio, C. et al. “Communication About Sexual Issues: Mothers, Fathers, and Friends,” Journal of Adolescent Health (1999) 24:181.

 

Dittus, P.J. and J. Jaccard. “Adolescents’ Perceptions of Maternal Disapproval of Sex: Relationship to Sexual Outcomes,” Journal of Adolescent Health (2000) 26:268.

 

East, P. et al. “Positive Adolescent Sexuality as Evident in Consistent and Reliable Contraceptive Use: A Study of Sexually Active Latino and Non-Latino Youths’ Contraceptive Behavior,” Sexuality Research and Social Policy (2005) 2:42.

 

Guilamo-Ramos, V. et al. “Paternal Influences on Adolescent Sexual Risk Behaviors: A Structured Literature Review,” Pediatrics (2012) 130:e1313.

 

Hadley, W. et al. “Parent-Adolescent Sexual Communication: Association of Condom Use with Condom Discussion,” AIDS and Behavior (2009) 13:997.

 

Halpern-Felsher, B.L. et al. “Adolescents’ Self-Efficacy to Communicate About Sex: Its Role in Condom Attitudes, Commitment, and Use,” Adolescence (2004) 39:443.

 

Hutchinson, M.K et al. “The Role of Mother-Daughter Sexual Risk Communication in Reducing Sexual Risk Behaviors Among Urban Adolescent Females: A Prospective Study,” Journal of Adolescent Health (2003) 33:98,

 

Jaccard, J. et al. “Parent-Teen Communication About Premarital Sex: Factors Associated with the Extent of Communication,” Journal of Adolescent Research (2000) 15:187.

 

Kapungu, C.T. et al. “Beyond the ‘Birds and Bees:’ Gender Differences in Sex-Related Communication Among Urban African=American Adolescents,” Family Process (2010) 49:251.

 

Li, X. et al. “Perceived Parental Monitoring and Health Risk Behaviors Among Low-Income African-American Children and Adolescents,” Journal of Adolescent Health (2000) 27:43.

 

Miller, B.C. “Family Influences on Adolescent Sexual and Contraceptive Behavior,” Journal of Sex Research (2002) 39:22.

 

Miller, K.S. and D.J. Whitaker. “Predictors of Mother-Adolescent Discussions About Condoms: Implications for Providers Who Serve Youth,” Pediatrics (2001) 108:E28.

 

Miller, K.S.et al. “Family Communication About Sex: What Are Parents Saying and Are Their Adolescents Listening?” Family Planning Perspectives (1998) 30:218

 

Pick. S. and P.A. Palos. “Impact of the Family on the Sex Lives of Adolescents,” Adolescence (1995) 30:667.

 

Rogers, A.A. et al. “Quality of Parent-=Adolescent Conversations About Sex and Adolescent Sexual Behavior: An Observational Study,” Journal of Adolescent Health (2015) 57:174.

 

Romer, D. et al. “Parental Influence on Adolescent Sexual Behavior in High-Poverty Settings,” Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine (1999) 153:1055.

 

Romo, L.F. et al. “A Longitudinal Study of Maternal Messages About Dating and Sexuality and Their Influence on Latino Adolescents,” Journal of Adolescent Health (2002) 31:59.

 

Rupp, R. and S.L. Rosenthal. “Parental Influences on Adolescent Sexual Behavior,” Adolescent Medicine State of the Art Review (2007) 18:460.

 

Santelli, J.S. et al. “The Use of Condoms with Other Contraceptives Among Young Men and Women,” Family Planning Perspectives (1997) 29:261.

 

Sieving, R.E. et al. “Maternal Expectations, Mother-Child Connectedness, and Adolescent Sexual Debut,” Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine (2000) 154:809.

 

Stone, N. and R. Ingham. “Factors Affecting British Teenagers’ Contraceptive Use at First Intercourse: The Importance of Partner Communication,” Perspectives on Sex and Reproductive Health (2002) 34:191.

 

Whitaker, D.J. and K.S. Miller. “Parent-Adolescent Discussions About Sex and Condoms,” Journal of Adolescent Research (2000) 15:251.

 

Widman, L. et al. “Sexual Communication Between Early Adolescents and their Dating Partners, Parents, and Best Friends,” Journal of Sex Research (2014) 51:731.

 

Effects of sex education classes for parents.

Lefkowitz, ES et al. “Helping Mothers Discuss Sexuality and AIDS with Adolescents,” Child Development (2000) 71:1383.

 

Dilorio, C. et al. “Keepin’ It Real! Results of a mother-adolescent HIV Prevention Program,” Nursing Research (2006) 55:43.

 

Condom effectiveness

Hatcher, RA et al. Contraceptive Technology. Ardent Media, NY. 2004. P. 334.

 

Sex education based on pleasure

Abraham, L. “What If Our Kids Really Believed We Wanted Them to Have Great Sex?” New York Times Magazine, Nov. 20, 2011.

 

  1. Contraception

Unless otherwise indicated, the information in this chapter comes from Hatcher, R.A. et al. Contraceptive Technology (20th edition) Ardent Media, NY, 2011

 

Condoms and sexual pleasure

Hensel, D.J. et al. “Sexual Pleasure During Condom-Protected Vaginal Sex Among Heterosexual Men,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2012) 9:1272.

 

Young women under-estimate young men’s willingness to use condoms

Edwards, G.L. and B.L. Barber. “Women May Underestimate Their Partners’ Desire to Use Condoms: Possible Implications for Behavior,” Journal of Sex Research (2010) 47:59.

 

Both men and women over-estimate their condom use

Stephens-Davidowitz, S. Everybody Lies: Big Data, New Data, and What the Internet Can Tell Us About Who We Really Are. HarperCollins, NY, 2017. p. 5.

8

The Pill linked to libido loss and other women’s sexual dysfunctions

Wallwiener, C.W. et al. “Prevalence of Sexual Dysfunction and Impact of Contraception in Female German Medical Students,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7:2139.

 

Hormonal contraceptives linked to cancer

Rabin, R.C. “Many Modern Contraceptives Still Linked to Breast Cancer, Study Finds,” New York Times, Dec. 7, 2017.

 

Rabin, R.C. “Contraceptives and Cancer,” New York Times, Dec. 12, 2017.

 

 

  1. STIs

Most of the information in this chapter comes from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: www.cdc.gov.

 

Sexual frequency is a risk factor for UTI:

Amiri, F.N. et al. “Hygiene Practices and Sexual Activity Associated with Urinary Tract Infection in Pregnant Women,” Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal (2009) 15:104.

 

Moore, E.E. et al. “Sexual Intercourse and Risk of Symptomatic Urinary Tract Infection in Post-Menopausal Women,” Journal of General Internal Medicine (2008) 23:595.

 

Vincent, C.R. et al. “Symptoms and Risk Factors Associated with First Urinary Tract Infection in College Age Women: A Prospective Cohort Study,” Journal of Urology (2013) 189:904.

 

Cranberry products reduce risk of UTIs:

Durham, S.H. et al. “Cranberry Products for the Prophylaxis of Urinary Tract Infections in Pediatric Patients,” Annals of Pharmacotherapy (2015) 49:1349.

 

Foxman, B. et al. “Cranberry Juice Capsules and Urinary Tract Infection After Surgery: Results of a Randomized Trial,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (2015) 213:194.

 

Maki, K.C. et al. “Consumption of a Cranberry Juice Beverage Lowered the Number of Clinical Urinary Tract Infection Episodes in Women with a Recent History of Urinary Tract Infection,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2016) 103:1434.

 

Occhipinti, A. et al. “Prevention of Urinary Tract Infection with Oximacro, A Cranberry Extract with a High Content of A-Type Proanthocyanidins: A Pre-Clinical Double-Blind Controlled Study,” Urology Journal (2016) 13:2640.

 

Singh, I. et al. “Effect of Oral Cranberry Extract (Standardized Proanthocyanidin-A) in Patients with Recurrent UTI by Pathogenic E. Coli: A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Clinical Research Study,” International Urology and Nephrology (2016) 48:1379.

 

Topical lemon balm speeds healing of herpes sores

Astani, A. et al. “Attachment and Penetration of Acyclovir-Resistant Herpes Simplex Virus Are Inhibited by Melissa Officinalis Extract,” Phytotherapy Research (2014) 28:1547.

 

Astani, A. et al. “Melissa Officinalis Extract Inhibits Attachment of Herpes Simplex Virus in Vitro,” Chemotherapy (2012) 58:70.

 

Koytchev. R. et al. “Balm Mint Extract for Topical Treatment of Recurring Herpes Labialis,” Phytomedicine (1999) 6:225.

 

Moradi, M.T. et al. “A Review Study on the Effect of Iranian Herbal Medicines Against In Vitro Replication of Herpes Simplex Virus,” Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine (2106) 6:506.

 

Nolkemper, S. et al. “Antiviral Effect of Aqueous Extracts from Species of the Laminaceae Family Against Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 and 2 in Vitro,” Planta Medica (2006) 72:1378.

 

Schnitzier, P. et al. “Melissa Officinalis Oil Affects Infectivity of Enveloped Herpes Virus,” Phytomedicine (2008) 15:734.

 

Wolbling R. H. and K. Leonhardt. “Local Therapy of Herpes Simplex with Dried Extract from Melissa Officinalis,” Phytomedicine (1994) 1:25.

 

Lysine supplementation reduces risk of herpes recurrences:

DiGiovanna, J.J. and H. Blank. “Failure of Lysine in Frequently Recurrent Herpes Simplex Infection. Treatment and Prophylaxis,” Archives of Dermatology (19984) 120:48.

 

Griffith, R.S. et al. “Success of L-Lysine Therapy in Frequently Recurrent Herpes Simplex Infection. Treatment and Prophylaxis,” Dermatologica (1987) 175:183.

 

McCune, M.A. et al. “Treatment of Recurrent Herpes Simples Infection with L-Lysine Monohydrochloride,” Cutis (1984) 34:366.

 

Milman, N. et al. “Lysine Prophylaxis in Recurrent Herpes Simplex Labialis: A Double-Blind, Controlled Crossover Study,” Acta Dermatologica Venereologica (1980) 60:85.

 

Thein, D.J. and W.C. Hurt. “Lysine as a Prophylactic Agent in the Treatment of Recurrent Herpes Simplex Labialis,” Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology (1984) 58:659.

 

Prevalence of HPV

National Center for Health Statistics data cited in the New York Times, April 7, 2017.

 

  1. Losing Virginity

What constitutes “having sex”?

Sewell, K.K. and D. Strassberg. “How Do Heterosexual Undergraduate Students Define Having Sex? A New Approach to an Old Question,” Journal of Sex Research (2015) 52:507.

 

Sanders, S.A. and J.M. Reinisch. “Would You Say You “Had Sex” If…? Journal of the American Medical Association (1999) 281:275.

 

History of views concerning virginity

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virginity

 

Tannahill, R. Sex in History. Stein & Day, NY, 1982.

 

The hymen

http://www.scarleteen.com/article/bodies/my_corona_the_anatomy_formerly_known_as_the_hymen_the_myths_that_surround_it

 

http://www.healthystrokes.com/hymengallery.html

 

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/269050-overview#showall

 

Foley, S. et al. Sex Matters for Women: A Complete Guide to Taking Care of Your Sexual Self (2nd ed.). Guilford Press, NY, 2011.

 

Joannides, P. The Guide to Getting It On. Goofy Foot Press, Oregon, 2009.

 

Neilsen, V. and C. Vyrdal. “Imperforate Hymen Can Cause Abdominal Pain and Primary Amenorrhea,” Ugeskr Laeger [Danish medical journal]. (2013) 175:1500.

 

Hymen restoration

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hymenorrhaphy

 

An estimated 75 of women recall their first intercourse as not pleasurable

Lieblum, S. and J. Sachs. Getting the Sex You Want: A Woman’s Guide to Becoming Proud, Passionate and Pleased in Bed. Crown, NY, 2002.

 

Girls on losing it

Orenstein, P. Girls and Sex: Navigating the Complicated New Landscape. Harper, NY, 2016.

 

Marijuana: two-thirds of users report sexual enhancement

https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/all-about-sex/201105/marijuana-and-sex-surprising-results-blogger-s-informal-survey

 

Many young women under-estimate young men willingness to use condoms.

Edwards, G.L. and B.L. Barber. “Women May Underestimate Their Partners’ Desire to Use Condoms: Possible Implications for Behavior,” Journal of Sex Research (2010) 47:59

 

Only 25 percent of women are reliably orgasmic during intercourse

Lloyd, E.A. The Case of the Female Orgasm: Bias in the Science of Evolution. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 2005.

 

Heiman, J. and J. LoPiccolo. Becoming Orgasmic. Fireside, 1987.

 

Puts, D.A. et al. “Why Women Have Orgasms: An Evolutionary Analysis,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2012) 4:1127.

 

Becoming Orgasmic

Heiman, J. and J. LoPiccolo. Becoming Orgasmic. Fireside, 1987.

https://www.amazon.com/Becoming-Orgasmic-Sexual-Personal-Program/dp/0671761773/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1492134982&sr=8-1&keywords=becoming+orgasmic

 

https://www.amazon.com/Better-Sex-Video-Becoming-Orgasmic/dp/B00007F8O9/ref=sr_1_1?s=movies-tv&ie=UTF8&qid=1492135187&sr=1-1&keywords=becoming+orgasmic

 

The importance of post-sex cuddling

Byers, E.S. “Relationship Satisfaction and Sexual Satisfaction: A Longitudinal Study of Individuals in Long-Term Relationships,” Journal of Sex Research (2005) 42:113.

 

Muise, A. et al. “Post-Sex Affectionate Exchanges Promote Sexual and Relationship Satisfaction,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2014) 43:1391.

 

Prevalence of older virginity

Eisenberg, M. et al. “Who Is the 40-Year-Old Virgin and Where Did He/She Come From?” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2009) 6:2154.

 

  1. Young Adult Hook-Ups

Studies about hook-ups, and young adult sex

Anonymous. “What You Should Know About Sex and Alcohol,” University of Illinois McKinley Health Center. http://www.mckinley.illinois.edu/handouts/sex_alcohol.html

 

Chia. S.C. & A.C. Gunther. “How Media Contribute to Misperceptions of Social Norms About Sex,” Mass Communication and Society (2006) 9:301.

 

Downing-Matibag, T.M. & B. Geisinger. “Hooking-Up and Sexual Risk-Taking Among College Students: a Health Belief Model Perspective,” Qualitative Health Research (2009) 19:1196.

 

Elias, V.L. et al. “Long-Term Changes in Attitudes Toward Premarital Sex in the United States: Re-Examining the Role of Cohort Replacement,” Journal of Sex Research (2015)52:129.

 

Eshbaugh, E.M. & G. Gute. “Hookups and Sexual Regret Among College Women,” The Journal of Social Psychology (2008) 148:77.

 

Fielder, R.L. & M.P. Carey. “Prevalence and Characteristics of Sexual Hookups Among First-Semester Female College Students,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2010) 36:346.

 

Fielder, R.L. & M.P. Carey. “Predictors and Consequences of Sexual Hook-Ups Among College Students: A Short-Term Perspective,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2010) 39:1105.

 

Finer, L.B. “Trends in Premarital Sex in the United States,” Public Health Reports (2003) 122:73.

 

Fisher, W.F. et al. “Feelings of Regret Following Uncommitted Sexual Encounters in Canadian University Students,” Culture, Health, and Sexuality (2012) 14:45.

 

Flack, W.F. et al. “Risk Factors and Consequences of Unwanted Sex Among University Students: Hooking Up, Alcohol, and Stress Response,” Journal of Interpersonal Violence (2007) 22:139.

 

Garcia, J.R. et al. “Sexual Hook-Up Culture: A Review,” Review of General Psychology (2012) 16:161.

 

Garcia J.R. & C. Reiber. “Hook-Up Behavior: A Biopsychosocial Perspective,” The Journal of Social, Evolutionary, and Cultural Psychology (2008) 2:192.

 

Herold, E.S. & D.K. Mewhinney. “Gender Differences in Casual Sex in AIDS Prevention: A Survey of Dating Bars,” Journal of Sex Research (1993) 15:502.

 

Ku, L. et al. “Understanding Changes in Sexual Activity Among Young Metropolitan Men,” Family Planning Perspectives (1998) 30:256.

 

Lewis M.A. et al. “Predictors of Hooking Up Sexual Behavior and Emotional Reactions Among U.S. College Students,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2011) 5:1219.

 

Maticka-Tyndale, E. et al. “Casual Sex on Spring Break: Intentions and Behaviors of Canadian College Students,” Journal of Sex Research (1998) 35:254.

 

Monto, A.M. & A.G. Carey. “A New Standard of Sexual Behavior? Are Claims Associated with the ‘Hookup Culture” Supported by General Social Survey Data?” Journal of Sex Research (2014) 51:605.

 

Owen, J. & F.D. Fincham. “Young Adults’ Emotional Reactions After Hooking Up Encounters,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2011) 40:321.

 

Owen, J. et al. “Short-Term Prospective Study of Hooking Up Among College Students,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2011) 40:331.

 

Owen, J.J. et al. “Hooking Up Among College Students: Demographic and Psychosocial Correlates,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2010) 39:653.

 

Patrick, M.E. and Maggs, J.L. “Does Drinking Lead to Sex? Daily Alcohol-Sex Behaviors and Expectancies Among College Students,” Psychology of Addictive Behavior (2009) 23:472.

 

Paul, P. “The Perils of Sexual Roundelays,” New York Times, May 7, 2010.

 

Paul, E.L. & K.A. Hayes. “The Casualties of Casual Sex: A Qualitative Exploration of the Phenomenology of College Students’ Hook-Ups,” Journal of Social and Personal Relationships (2002) 19:639.

 

Paul, E.L. et al. “Hook-Ups: Characteristics and Correlates of College Students’ Spontaneous and Anonymous Sexual Experiences,” Journal of Sex Research (2000) 37:76.

 

Reiber, C. & J.R. Garcia. “Hooking Up: Gender Differences, Evolution, and Pluralistic Ignorance,” Evolutionary Psychology (2010) 8:390.

 

Sales, N.J. “Tinder and the Dawn of the ‘Dating Apocalypse,’” Vanity Fair, Aug. 31, 2015.

 

Strokoff, J. et al. “Diverse Reactions to Hooking Up Among U.S. University Students,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2015) 44:935.

 

Twenge, J.M. et al. “Changes in American Adults’ Sexual Behavior and Attitudes, 1972-2012,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2015) 44:2273.

 

Twenge, J.M. et al. “Sexual Inactivity During Young Adulthood is More Common Among U.S. Millennials and iGen: Age, Period, and Cohort Effects on Having No Sexual Partners After Age 18,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2017) 46:433.

 

Books the deal with hooking-up

Bogle, K.A. Hooking Up: Sex, Dating, and Relationships on Campus. NYU Press, NY, 2008.

 

Orenstein, P. Girls and Sex: Navigating the Complicated New Landscape. Harper, NY, 2016.

 

Wade, L. American Hook-Up: The New Culture of Sex on Campus. Norton, NY, 2017.

 

Alcohol and hooking up

Claxton, S.E. et al. “The Association Between Alcohol Use and Engagement in Casual Sexual Relationships and Experiences: A Meta-Analytic Review of Non-Experimental Studies,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2015) 44:837.

 

Johnson, M.D. and J. Chen. “Blame It On the Alcohol: The Influence of Alcohol Consumption During Adolescence, the Transition to Adulthood, and Young Adulthood on One-Time Sexual Hook-Ups,” Journal of Sex Research (2015) 52:570.

Laumann, E.O. et al. The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1994, p. 116.

 

Marijuana and sex

Lynn, B. et al. “The Relationship Between Marijuana Use Prior to Sex and Sexual Function in Women,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2017)14 (Suppl. 1):S105.

 

Lynn, B. et al. “The Perceived Effects of Marijuana Use Before Sex,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2017) 14(Suppl. 5):e357.

 

Weller, RA and JA Halikas, “Marijuana Use and Sexual Behavior,” Journal of Sex Research (1984) 20:186.

 

Friends with benefits

Bisson, MA and TR Levine, “Negotiating a Friends with Benefits

Relationship,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2009) 38:66.

 

The history of dating

Weigel, M. Labor of Love: The Invention of Dating. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, NY, 2016.

 

Rebound and revenge sex

ABC News. “The American Sex Survey: A Peek Beneath the Sheets,” Oct. 21, 2004.

 

Anderson, E.R. et al. “Ready to Take a Chance Again: Transitions to Dating Among Divorced Parents,” Journal of Divorce and Remarriage (2004) 40:61.

 

Barber, L.L. and M.L. Cooper. “Rebound Sex: Motives and Behaviors Following a Relationship Breakup,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2013) 43:251.

 

Brumbaugh, C.C. and R.C. Fraley. “Too Fast, Too Soon? An Empirical Investigation of Rebound Relationships,” Journal of Social and Personal Relationships (2014) epub ahead of print.

 

Leigh, B.C. et al. “Sexual Behavior of U.S. Adults: Results from a National Survey,” American Journal of Public Health (1993) 83:1400.

 

Smith, T.W. “Adult Sexual Behavior in 1989: Number of Partners, Frequency of Intercourse, and Risk of AIDS,” Family Planning Perspectives (1989) 23:102.

 

  1. Rape Prevention

Affirmative consent

Medina, J. “Sex Ed Lesson: ‘Yes’ Means ‘Yes,’ But It’s Tricky,” New York Times, October 15, 2015.

 

Keenan, S., “Affirmative Consent: Are Students Really Asking?” New York Times, July 28, 2015.

 

CDC rape statistics

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/to-your-health/wp/2014/09/05/cdc-nearly-1-in-5-women-have-been-raped/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.761cc98beb4f

 

The University of New Hampshire program

Malone, S. “University of New Hampshire Sets National Model for Rape Prevention,” Huffington Post, May 3, 2014.

 

The University of Kentucky green dot program

Zimmerman, E. “Sex Ed on Campus,” New York Times, June 23, 2016.

 

The study of rape prevention at three Canadian universities

Senn, CY et al. “Efficacy of a Sexual Assault Resistance Program for University Women,” New England Journal of Medicine (2015) 372:2326.

 

Hoffman, J. “College Rape Prevention Program Proves a Success,” New York Times, June 11, 2015.

 

The Navy’s boot camp rape prevention program

Shanker, T. “At Navy Installation, Sexual Assault Prevention Begins at Boot Camp,” New York Times, July, 8, 2013.

 

The CDC’s evaluation of sexual violence prevention strategies

www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/sexualviolence/prevention.html

Alcohol and rape

Harrnington, N.T. and H. Leitenberg. “Relationship Between Alcohol Consumption and Victim Behaviors Immediately Proceeding Sexual Aggression by Acquaintances,” Violence and Victims (1994) 9:315.

 

Some fraternities have clamped down on sexual assault

Robbins, A. “A Frat Boy and Gentleman,” New York Times, Jan. 27.2019.

 

Studies of bystander training programs

Casey, E.A. and T.P. Lindhorst. “Toward a Multi-Level, Ecological Approach to the Primary Prevention of Sexual Assault: Prevention in Peer and Community Contexts,” Trauma, Violence, and Abuse (2009) 10:91.

 

Coker, A.L. et al. “Evaluation of the Green Dot Bystander Intervention to Reduce Interpersonal Violence Among College Students Across Three Campuses,” Violence Against Women (2015) 12:1507.

 

Cook-Craig, P.G. et al. “From Empower to Green Dot: Successful Strategies and Lessons Learned in Developing Comprehensive Sexual Violence Primary Prevention Programming,” Violence Against Women (2014) 20:1162.

 

Gidycz, C.A. et al. “Preventing Sexual Aggression Among College Men: An Evaluation of a Social Norms and Bystander Intervention Program,” Violence Against Women (2011) 17:720.

 

Salazar, L.F. et al. “A Web-Based Sexual Violence Bystander Intervention for NMale College Students: Randomized Controlled Trial,” Journal of Medical Internet Research (2014) 16:e203.

 

Serial rape

Saul, S. “When Rapists on Campus Attack Again,” New York Times, Jan. 24, 2017.

 

Sexual assault prevention programs in high schools

Miller, E. et al. “One-Year Follow-up of a Coach-Delivered Dating Violence Prevention Program: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine (2013) 45:108.

 

Taylor, B.G. et al. “Shifting Boundaries: An Experimental Evaluation of a Dating Violence Prevention Program in Middle Schools,” Prevention Science (2013) 14:64.

 

Sexual harassment

Barak, A. “A Cognitive-Behavioral Education Workshop to Combat Sexual Harassment in the Workplace,” Journal of Counseling and Development (1994) 72:595.

 

Bonate, D.L. and J.C. Jessell. “The Effects of Educational Intervention on Perceptions of Sexual Harassment,” Sex Roles (1996) 11/12:751.

 

Brooks, L. and A.R. Perot. “Reporting Sexual Harassment: Exploring a Predictive Model,” Psychology of Women (1991) 15:31.

 

Chira, S. “Why #Me Too Took Off: Sheer Numbers Who Can Say ‘Me Too.’” New York Times, Feb. 24, 2018.

 

Kearl, H. “The Facts Behind the #Me Too Movement: A National Study on Sexual Harassment and Assault,” (2018) http://www.stopstreetharassment.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/2018-National-Sexual-Harassment-and-Assault-Report.pdf

 

Miller, C.C. “Where Can Victims Turn? Traditional Workplace Education Doesn’t Work. Other Methods Do.” New York Times, Dec. 13, 2017.

 

Tippet, E.C. “Harassment Trainings: A Content Analysis,” Berkeley Journal of Employment and Labor Law (2018) https://ssrn..com/abstract=2994571.

 

U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. “Select Task Force Report on the Study of Harassment in the Workplace,” 2016.

 

Wakabayashi, D. and J. Silver-Greenberg. “Facebook to Drop Forced Arbitration in Sexual Harassment Cases,” New York Times, Nov. 10, 2018.

 

False allegations of rape and sexual harassment

Burr, C. “False Allegations of Sexual Harassment: Misunderstandings and Realities,” Academic Matters (2011) https://academicmatters.ca/print-issues/policing-relationships-on-campus/

 

DeZutter, A. et al. “The Prevalence of False Allegations of Rape in the United States from 2006-2010,” Journal of Forensic Psychology (2017) 2:2.

 

Ferguson, C.E. and J.M. Malouff. “Assessing Police Classifications of Sexual Assault Reports: A Meta-Analysis of False Reporting Rates,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2016) 45:1185.

 

Lisak, D. et al. “False Allegations of Sexual Assault: An Analysis of Ten Years of Reported Cases,” Violence Against Women (2010) 16:1318.

 

  1. Rape Recovery

Sexual assault statistics

https://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=dcdetail&iid=245

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rape_in_the_United_States

 

Horvath, Miranda et al. Handbook on the Study of Multiple Perpetrator Rape. Routledge, 2013, page 15.

 

Stalking statistics

http://victimsofcrime.org/our-programs/stalking-resource-center/stalking-information/stalking-statistics

 

Katrina Baum et al., “Stalking Victimization in the United States,” (Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2009).

 

Blauuw, E. et al., “The Toll of Stalking,” Journal of Interpersonal Violence (2002) 17:50-63.

 

Breiding, M.J. et al., “Prevalence and Characteristics of Sexual Violence, Stalking, and Intimate Partner Violence Victimization – National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey, United States, 2011,” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Morality Weekly Report, (2014) 63:8.

 

McFarlane, J. et al., “Stalking and Intimate Partner Femicide,” Homicide Studies (2009) 3:4.

 

  1. Desire Differences

Factors affecting Americans’ sexual frequency

Call, V. et al. “The Incidence and Frequency of Marital Sex in a National Sample,” Journal of Marriage and the Family (1995) 57:639.

 

Gottlieb, L. “Does a More Equal Marriage Mean Less Sex?” New York Times Magazine, Feb. 6. 2014.

 

Hofferth S.L. and C.D. Hayes, eds. Risking the Future: Adolescent Sexuality, Pregnancy, and Childbearing, Volume II: Working Papers and Statistical Appendices. Washington, DC, National Academies Press, 1987.

 

Jasso, G. “Marital Coital Frequency and the Passage of Time: Estimating the Separate Effects of Spouses’ Ages and Marital Duration, Birth and Marriage Cohorts, and Period Influences,” American Sociological Review (1985) 50:224.

 

Karraker, A. et al. “Sexual Frequency Decline from Midlife to Later Life,” The Journal of Gerontology, Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences (2011) 66B:502.

 

Klusmann, D. “Sexual Motivation and the Duration of Partnership,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2002) 31:275.

 

Kornrich, S. et al. “Egalitarianism, Housework, and Sexual Frequency in Marriage,” American Sociological Review (2013) 78:26.

 

Mark, K.P. and S.H. Murray. “Gender Differences in Desire Discrepancy as a Prededictor of Sexual and Relationship Satisfaction in a College Sample of Heterosexual Romantic Relationships,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2012) 38:198.

 

Murray, S.H. and R.R. Milhausen. “Sexual Desire and Relationship Duration in Young Men and Women,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2012) 38:28.

 

Perel, E. Mating in Captivity: Unlocking Erotic Intelligence. Harper. NY, 2017.

 

Twenge, J.M. et al. “Sexual Inactivity During Young Adulthood Is More Common Among U.S. Millenials and iGen: Age, Period, and Cohort Effects on Having No Sexual Partners After Age 18,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2017) 46:433.

 

Women’s Google searches for desire differences

Stephens-Davidowitz, S. Everybody Lies: Big Data, New Data, and What the Internet Can Tell Us About Who We Really Are. HarperCollins, NY, 2017, p. 123.

 

Resolving desire differences

Basson, R. “The Female Sexual Response: A Different Model,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2000) 26:51.

Basson, R. “Are Our Definitions of Women’s Desire, Arousal, and Sexual Pain Disorders Too Broad, and our Definition of Orgasmic Disorder Too Narrow?” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2002) 28:289.

Basson, R. “Women’s Sexual Desire: Disordered or Misunderstood?” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2002) 28(suppl):17.

Clement, U. “Sex in Long-Term Relationships: A Systemic Approach to Sexual Desire Problems,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2002) 31:241.

Kinsey, A. et al. Sexual Behavior in the Human Male. W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, 1948.

 

Kinsey, A. et al. Sexual Behavior in the Human Female. W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, 1953.

 

Kleinplatz, P.J. et al. “From Sexual Desire Discrepancies to Desirable Sex: Creating the Optimal Connection,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2018) 44:438.

 

Liu, C. “Does Quality of Marital Sex Decline with Duration?” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2003) 32:55.

 

Mark, K.P. and S.H. Murray. “Gender Differences in Desire Discrepancy As a Predictor of Sexual and Relationship Satisfaction in a College Sample of Heterosexual Romantic Relationships,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2012) 38:198.

 

Santila, P. et al. “Discrepancies Between Sexual Desire and Sexual Activity: Gender Differences and Associations with Relationship Satisfaction,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2008) 34:31.

 

Willoughby, B.J. and J. Vitas. “Sexual Desire Discrepancy: The Effect of Individual Differences in Desired and Actual Sexual Frequency on Dating Couples,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2012) 41:477.

 

  1. Pregnancy, Parenting

Pregnancy’s impact on libido and sexual function

Sexy Mama: Keeping Your Sex Life Alive While Raising Kids by Cathy Winks and Anne Semans. New World Library, 2004.

 

Galazka, I. et al. “Changes in Sexual Function During Pregnancy,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:445.

 

Rados, S.N. et al. “Sexuality During Pregnancy: What Is Important for Sexual Satisfaction in Expectant Fathers?” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2015) 41:282.

 

Risk factors for miscarriage, prematurity, and stillbirth

Dew, P.C. et al. “The Effect of Health-Compromising Behaviors on Preterm Births,” Maternal and Child Health Journal (2007) 11:227.

 

Ekwo, EE et al. “Coitus Late in Pregnancy: Risk of Preterm Rupture of Amniotic Sac Membranes,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (1993) 168:22.

 

Henriet, L. and M. Kaminski. “Impact of Induced Abortions on Subsequent Pregnancy Outcome: The 1995 French National Prenatal Survey,” BJOG [formerly British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology] (2001) 108:1036.

 

Hernandez-Diaz, S et al. “Triggers of Spontaneous Preterm Delivery: Why Today?” Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology (2014) 28:79.

 

Kilpatrick, S.J. et al. “Risk Factors for Preventable Premature Rupture of Membranes or Advanced Cervical Dilation: A Case-Control Study,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (2006) 194:1168.

 

Locksmith, G. and P. Duff. “Infection, Antibiotics, and Preterm Delivery,” Seminars in Perinatology (2001) 25:295.

 

Man, J. et al. “Stillbirth and Intrauterine Fetal Death: Contemporary Demographic Features of >1,000 Cases From an Urban Population,” Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology (2016) 48:591.

 

McGregor, J.A. et al. “Prevention of Premature Birth by Screening and Treating for Common Genital Tract Infections: Results of a Prospective Controlled Evaluation,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (1995) 173:157.

 

Moutquin, J.M. “Socio-Economic and Psychosocial Factors in the Management and Prevention of Preterm Labor,” BJOG [formerly British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology] (2003) 110 (Suppl 20):56.

 

Muanda, F.T. et al. “Use of Antibiotics During Pregnancy and Risk of Spontaneous Abortion,” CMAJ [Canadian Medical Association Journal] (2017) 189:E625.

 

Nakhai-Pour, H.R. et al. “Use of Antidepressants During Pregnancy and Risk of Spontaneous Abortion,” CMAJ [Canadian Medical Association Journal] (2010) 182:1031.

 

Odendaal, H.J. et al. “Combined Effects of Cigarette Smoking and Alcohol Consumption on Perinatal Outcome,” Gynecological and Obstetrical Investigations (2009) 67:1.

 

Omar, NS et al. “Coitus to Expedite Onset of Labor: A Randomized Trial,” BJOG [formerly British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology] (2013) 120:338.

 

Petridou, E et al. “Are There Common Triggers of Preterm Deliveries?” BJOG (2001) 108:598.

 

Pompeii, L.A. et al. “Physical Exertion at Work and Risk of Preterm Delivery and Small-for-Gestational-Age Birth,” Obstetrics and Gynecology (2005) 106:1279.

 

Prunet, C. et al. “Risk Factors of Preterm Birth in France in 2011 and Changes Since 1005: Results from the French National Perinatal Surveys,” Journal of Gynecology, Obstetrics, and Human Reproduction (2017) 46:19.

 

Savitz, DA and P Murnane. “Behavioral Influences on Preterm Birth: A Review,” Epidemiology (2010) 21:291.

 

Sayle, AE et al. “Sexual Activity During Late Pregnancy and Risk of Preterm Delivery,” Obstetrics and Gynecology (2001) 97:283.

 

Schaffir, J. “Sexual Intercourse at Term and Onset of Labor,” Obstetrics and Gynecology (2006) 197:1`310.

 

Tan, P.C. et al. “Coitus and Orgasm at Term: Effect on Spontaneous Labor and Pregnancy Outcome,” Singapore Medical Journal (2009) 50:1062.

 

The effect of pregnant women’s marijuana use on their babies

Conner, S.N. wet al. “Maternal Marijuana Use and Adverse Neonatal Outcomes: A Systemic Review and Meta-Analysis,” Obstetrics and Gynecology (2016) 128:713.

 

When new parents return to sex

Byrd, J.E. et al. “Sexuality During Pregnancy and the Year Postpartum,” Journal of Family Practice (1998) 47:305

 

Prevalence of post-partum depression

Austin, M.P. et al. “Depressive and Anxiety Disorders in the Postpartum Period: How Prevalent Are They and Can We Improve Their Detection?” Archives of Women’s Mental Health (2010) 13:395.

 

Falah-Hassani, K. et al. “The Prevalence of Antenatal and Postnatal Co-Morbid Anxiety and Depression: A Meta-Analysis,” Psychology in Medicine (2017) epub ahead of print.

 

Patton, G.C. et al. “Prediction of Perinatal Depression from Adolescence and Before Conception (VIHCS): 20-Year Prospective Cohort Study,” Lancet (2015) 386(9996):875.

 

Putnam, K.T. et al. “Clinical Phenotypes of Perinatal Depression and Time of Symptom Onset: Analysis of Data from an International Consortium,” Lancet Psychiatry (2017) epub ahead of print.

 

Sex and single parents

Gray, P.B. et al. “Dating and Sexual Behavior Among Single Parents of Young Children in the United States,” Journal of Sex Research (2015) 52:121.

 

  1. Quality Over Time

Marital sexual satisfaction, or lack thereof

Ashdown, B.K. et al. “In and Out of the Bedroom: Sexual Satisfaction in the Marital Relationship” Journal of Integrated Social Sciences (2011) 2:40.

 

Byers, E.S. and S. MacNeil. “Further Validation of the Interpersonal Exchange Model of Sexual Satisfaction,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2006) 32:53.

 

Fisher, W.A. et al. “Individual and Partner Correlates of Sexual Satisfaction and Relationship Happiness in Midlife Couples: Dyadic Analysis of the International Survey of Relationships,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2015) 44:1609.

 

Gewirtz-Meydan, A. and R. Finzi-Dottan. “Marital Satisfaction Among Couples: The Role of Attachment Orientation and Sexual Motives,” Journal of Sex Research (2017) epub ahead of print.

 

Herbenick, D. et al. “Sexual Behavior in the United States: Results from a National Probability Sample of Men and Women Ages 14-94,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7(suppl):255.

Litzinger, S. and K.C. Gordon. “Exploring Relationships Among Communication, Sexual Satisfaction, and Marital Satisfaction,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2006) 31:409.

Liu, C. “Does Quality of Marital Sex Decline with Duration?” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2003) 32:55.

 

MacNeil, S. and E.S. Byers. “Role of Sexual Self-Disclosure in the Sexual Satisfaction of Long-Term Heterosexual Couples,” Journal of Sex Research (2009) 46:3.

 

Perel, E. Mating in Captivity: Unlocking Erotic Intelligence. Harper. NY, 2017.

 

Schmiedeberg, C. and J. Shroder. “Does Sexual Satisfaction Change with Relationship Duration?” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2016) 45:99.

 

Rehman, U.S. et al. “The Importance of Sexual Self-Disclosure to Sexual Satisfaction and Functioning in Committed Relationships,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2011) 8:3108.

 

Yeh, H.C. et al. “Relationships Among Sexual Satisfaction, Marital Quality, and Marital Instability at Midlife,” Journal of Family Psychology (2006) 20:339.

 

 

  1. One and Only?

Are humans naturally monogamous?

Berkowitz, E. Sex and Punishment: Four Thousand Years of Judging Desire. Counterpoint, Berkeley, CA, 2012.

 

Ryan, C. and C. Jetha. Sex At Dawn: The Prehistoric Origins of Modern Sexuality. HarperCollins, NY, 2010.

 

Ryan, C. Sex at Dawn: How We Mate, Why We Stray, and What it Means. HarperCollins, NY, 2014.

 

Dan Savage on monogamy: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w8SOQEitsJI

 

Tannahill, R. Sex in History. Stein and Day, NY, 1980.

 

University of Colorado study showing different rates of infidelity based on face-to-face interviews and an anonymous questionnaire:

Whisman, M.A. and D.K. Snyder. “Sexual Infidelity in a National Sample of American Women: Differences in Prevalence and Correlates as a Function of Method of Assessment,” Journal of Family Psychology (2007) 21:147.

 

Infidelity studies

Allen, E.S. and D.H. Baucom. “Adult Attachment and Patterns of Extra-Dyadic Involvement,” Family Process (2004) 43:467.

 

Allen, E.S. and D.H. Baucom. “Dating, Marital, and Hypothetical Extra-Dyadic Involvements: How Do They Compare?” Journal of Sex Research (2006) 43:307.

 

Allen, E.S. et al. “Intrapersonal, Interpersonal, and Contextual Factors in Engaging in and Responding to Extramarital Involvement,” Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice (2005) 12:101.

 

Allen, E.S. et al. “Premarital Precursors of Marital Infidelity,” Family Process (2008) 47:243.

 

Atkins, D.C.et al. “Understanding Infidelity: Correlates in a National Random Sample,” Journal of Family Psychology (2001) 15:735.

 

Atkins, D.C. et al. “Infidelity in Couples Seeking Marital Therapy,” Journal of Family Psychology (2005) 19:470.

 

Balderrama-Durbin, C. et al. “The Risk for Marital Infidelity Across a Year-Long Deployment,” Journal of Family Psychology (2017) epub ahead of print.

 

Barta. W.D. and M, Kiene. “Motivations for Infidelity in Heterosexual Dating Couples: The Roles of Gender, Personality Differences, and Sociosexual Orientation,” Journal of Social and Personal Relationships (2005) 22:339.

 

Beach, S.R.H. et al. “Extramarital Sex: Impact on Depression and Commitment in Couples Seeking Marital Therapy,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (1985) 11:99.

 

Blow, A. and K. Hartnett. “Infidelity in Committed Relationships: A Methodological Review,” Journal of Marital and Family Therapy (2005) 31:183.

 

Bogaert, A.F. and S. Savada. “Adult Attachment and Sexual Behavior.” Personal Relationships (2002) 9:191.

 

Brand, R.J. et al. “Sex Differences in Self-Reported Infidelity and its Correlates,” Sex Roles (2007) 57:101.

 

Buss, D.M. and D. Schmidt. “Sexual Strategies Theory: An Evolutionary Perspective on Human Mating,” Psychological Review (1993) 100:204.

 

Campbell, K. and D.W. Wright. “Marriage Today: Exploring the Incongruence Between Americans’ Beliefs and Practices,” Journal of Comparative Family Studies (2010) 41:329.

 

Drigotas, S.M. and W. Barta. “The Cheating Heart: Scientific Explorations of Infidelity,” Current Directions in Psychological Science (2001) 10:177.

 

Drigotas, S.M. et al. “An Investment Model Prediction of Dating Infidelity,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (1999) 77:509.

 

Feldman, S.S. and E. Cauffman. “Your Cheatin’ Heart: Attitudes, Behaviors, and Correlates of Sexual Betrayal in Late Adolescents.” Journal of Research on Adolescents (1999) 9:227.

 

Fisher, H.E. Anatomy of Love: The Natural History of Monogamy, Adultery, and Divorce. WW Norton, NY, 1992.

 

Fisher, H.E. Why We Love: The Nature and Chemistry of Romantic Love. Henry Hold, NY, 2004.

 

Fisher, H.E. “The Drive to Love: Neural Mechanisms for Mate Choice,” pp. 87-115 in The Psychology of Love (2nd ed.), Sternberg, J.R. and M.L. Barnes (eds.) Yale University Press, New Haven, 2006).

 

Forste, R. and K. Tanfer. “Sexual Exclusivity Among Dating, Cohabiting, and Married Women,” Journal of Marriage and the Family (1996) 58:33.

 

Glass, S. and T. Wright “Sex Differences in Type of Extramarital Involvement and Marital Dissatisfaction,” Sex Roles (1985) 12:1101.

 

Glass, S. and T. Wright. “ Justifications for Extramarital Relationships: The Association Between Attitudes, Behaviors, and Gender,” Journal of Sex Research (1992) 29:361.

 

Greely. A. “Marital Infidelity” Society (1994) 31:9.

 

Hazan, C. and P.R. Shaver. “Romantic Love Conceptualized as an Attachment Process,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (1987) 52:511.

 

Hazan, C. and L.M. Diamond. “The Place of Attachment in Human Mating,” Review of General Psychology (2000) 4:186.

 

Hunt. M. Sexual Behavior in the 1970s. Playboy Press, Chicago, 1974.

 

Kinsey, A. et al. Sexual Behavior in the Human Male. W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, 1948.

 

Kinsey, A. et al. Sexual Behavior in the Human Female. W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, 1953.

 

Laumann, E.O. et al. The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1994.

 

Lawson, A. and C. Samson. “Age, Gender, and Adultery,” British Journal of Sociology (1988) 39:409.

 

Lieberman, B. “Extra-Marital Intercourse: Attitudes Toward a Neglected Sexual Behavior,” Journal of Sex Research (1988) 24:291.

 

Maykovich, M.K. “Attitudes Versus Behavior in Extramarital Sexual Relations,” Journal of Marriage and the Family (1976) 38:693.

 

Mock, D.W. and M. Fujioka. “Monogamy and Long-Term Bonding in Vertebrates,” Trends in Ecology and Evolution (1990) 5:39.

 

Neubeck, G and V.M. Schletzer. “A Study of Extramarital Relationships,” pp. 146-151 in Neubeck, G. (ed) Extramarital Relations. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1969.

 

Orzeck, T. and E. Lung. “Big-Five Personality Differences of Cheaters and Non-Cheaters,” Current Psychology (2005) 24:274.

 

Petersen, J.L. and J.S. Hyde. “Gender Differences in Sexual Attitudes and Behaviors: A Review of Meta-Analytic Results and Large Datasets,” Journal of Sex Research (2011) 48:149.

 

Platt, R.L. et al. “Parental Conflict and Infidelity as Predictors of Adult Children’s Attachment Style and Infidelity,” American Journal of Family Therapy (2008) 36:149.

 

Previti, D. and R.P. Amato. “Is Infidelity a Cause or a Consequence of Poor Marital Quality?” Journal of Social and Personal Relationships (2004) 21:217.

 

Prins, K.S. et all. “Equity, Normative Disapproval, and Extramarital Relationships,” Journal of Social and Personal Relationships (1993) 10:39.

 

Roscoe, B. et al. “Dating Infidelity: Behaviors, Reasons, Consequences,” Adolescence 1988) 89:35.

 

Saunders, J.M. and J.N. Edwards. “Extramarital Sexuality: A Predictive Model of Permissive Attitudes,” Journal of Marriage and the Family (1984) 46:825.

 

Shackelford, T.K. et al. “Personality, Marital Satisfaction, and Probability of Marital Infidelity,” Individual Differences Research (2008) 6:13.

 

Thompson, A.P. “Extramarital Sex: A Review of the Research Literature,” Journal of Sex Research (1983) 19:1.

 

Treas, J. and D. Giesen. “Sexual Infidelity Among Married and Cohabiting Americans,” Journal of Marriage and the Family (2000) 62:48.

 

Tsapelas, I. et al. “Infidelity: Where, When, Why?” in W.R. Cupach and B.H. Spitzberg, The Dark Side of Close Relationships II. Routledge, NY, 2010, pp. 175-196.

 

Treas, J. and D. Giesen. “Sexual Infidelity Among Married and Cohabitating Americans,” Journal of Marriage and Family (2000) 62:48.

 

Whisman, M. et al. “Predicting Sexual Infidelity in a Population-Based Sample of Married Individuals,” Journal of Family Psychology (2007) 21:320.

 

Whisman, M. and D.K. Snyder. “Sexual Infidelity in a National Survey of American Women: Differences in Prevalence and Correlates as a Function of Method of Assessment,” Journal of Family Psychology (2007) 21:147.

 

Wiederman, M.W. “Extramarital Sex: Prevalence and Correlates in a National Survey,” Journal of Sex Research (1997) 34:167.

 

Wiederman, M.W. and C. Hurd. “Extra-Dyadic Involvement During Dating,” Journal of Social and Personal Relationships (1999) 16:265.

 

Wiggins, J.D. and Lederer, D.A. “Differential Antecedents of Infidelity in Marriage,” American Mental Health Counselors Association Journal (1984) 6:152.

 

Wittenberger J.F. and R.L. Tilson. “The Evolution of Monogamy: Hypotheses and Evidence,” Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics (1980) 11:197.

 

Yeniceri, Z and D. Kokdemir. “University Students’ Perceptions of and Explanations for Infidelity: The Development of the Infidelity Questionnaire (INFQ),” Social Behavior and Personality (2006) 34:639.

 

Why men patronize sex workers

M., J. “What Men Really Want: One Sex Worker’s Perspective,” presented at the 2007 meeting of the American Association of Sex Educators, Counselors, and Therapists.

 

Bader, M. “Why Men Do Stupid Things: The Psychological Appeal of Prostitutes.” http://www.alternet.org/story/79635/why_men_do_stupid_things%3A_the_psychological_appeal_of_prostitutes

 

Bindel, J. “Why Men Use Prostitutes,” The Guardian, Jan. 14, 2010.

 

Calvin, T. “Why I Visit Prostitutes,” http://www.salon.com/2014/10/20/why_i_visit_prostitutes/

 

Gagnon, M. “What Kind of Men Go to Prostitutes?” https://www.livescience.com/28169-men-who-use-prostitutes.html

 

ProCon.org. “Percentage of Men (by Country) Who Paid for Sex at Least Once.” http://prostitution.procon.org/view.resource.php?resourceID=004119

 

Westerhoff, N. “Why Do Men Buy Sex?” Scientific American Oct. 2012. http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/why-do-men-buy-sex-2012-10-23/

 

“How Many Prostitutes Are Three In the United States and the Rest of the World?” http://prostitution.procon.org/view.answers.php?questionID=000095

 

“Prostitution in the United States.” https://www.hg.org/article.asp?id=30997

 

Amnesty International’s call to decriminalize sex work

https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2016/05/amnesty-international-publishes-policy-and-research-on-protection-of-sex-workers-rights/

 

https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2015/08/sex-workers-rights-are-human-rights/

 

Canada’s Supreme court strikes down laws criminalizing sex work

http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/supreme-court-strikes-down-canada-s-prostitution-laws-1.2471572

 

Legalizing sex work, pro and con

Bazelon, E. “Oppression or Profession? A Growing Movement of Sex Workers and Activists Is Making the Decriminalization of Prostitution a Feminist Issue,” NY Times Magazine, May 8, 2016.

 

Brents, B.G. “Nevada’s Legal Brothels Make Workers Feel Safer,” New York Times, Jan. 23, 2014.

 

Leigh, C. “Labor Laws, Not Criminal Laws, Are the Solution to Prostitution,” New York Times, April 19, 2012.

 

Lloyd, R. “Legalizing Prostitution Leads to More Trafficking,” New York Times, Aug. 24, 2015.

 

Marr, S. “Nevada’s Legal Brothels Are Coercive, Too,” New York Times, Aug. 24, 2015.

 

Ramos, N. “Legal Prostitution Can Never Be Safe,” New York Times, April 19, 2012.

 

Unigwe, C. “Legalizing Prostitution Brings Protection and Care,” New York Times, Sept. 13, 2013.

 

Vanwesenbeeck, I. “Sex Work Criminalization is Barking Up the Wrong Tree,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2017) 46:1631.

 

  1. Illness, Disability

Sexual intercourse reduces risk of the common cold

Charnetski, C.j. and F.X. Brennan. “Sexual Frequency and Salivary Immunoglobulin A (IgA),” Psychological Reports (2004) 94:839.

 

Cohen, S. et al. “Does Hugging Provide Stress-Buffering Social Support? A Study of Susceptibility to Upper Respiratory Infection and Illness.” Psychological Science. (2015) 26:135.

 

Spinal cord injury statistics

http://www.sci-info-pages.com/facts.html

 

Joint replacement enhances sex in people with OA

http://www.webmd.com/osteoarthritis/news/20130319/joint-replacement-may-reinvigorate-sex-life#1

 

Sex and diabetes in men

Chen, Y. et al. “Treatment Strategies for Diabetic Patients Suffering from Erectile Dysfunction,” Expert Opinion in Pharmacotherapy (2008) 9:257.

 

DePalma, R.G. et al. “Vascular Interventions for ED: Lessons Learned,” Journal of Vascular Surgery (1995) 21:576.

 

Dutta, T.C. and J.F. Eid. “Vacuum Constriction Devices for Erectile Dysfunction: A Long-Term, Prospective Study of Patients with Mild, Moderate, and Severe Dysfunction,” Urology (1999) 54:891.

 

Kamenov, Z.A. “A Comprehensive Review of Erectile Dysfunction in Men with Diabetes,” Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology and Diabetes (2015) 123:141.

 

Khayyamfar, F. et al. “Evaluating the Efficacy of Vacuum Constrictive Devices and Causes of its Failure in Impotent Patients,” Urology Journal (2014) 10:1072.

 

Raina, R. et al. “Early Use of Vacuum Constriction Device Following Radical Prostatectomy Facilitates Early Sexual Activity and Potentially Earlier Return to Erectile Function,” International Journal of Impotence Research (2006) 18:77.

 

Redrow, G.P. et al. “Treatment Strategies for Diabetic Patients Suffering Erectile Dysfunction: An Update,” Expert Opinion in Pharmacotherapy (2014) 15:1827.

 

Rutte, A. et al. “Prevalence and Correlates of Sexual Dysfunction in Men and Women with Type 2 Diabetes,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2015) 41:680.

 

Rutte, A. et al. “Type 2 Diabetes Patients’ Needs and Preferences for Care Concerning Sexual Problems: A Cross-Sectional Survey and Qualitative Inrterviews,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2015) 7:1.

 

Skeldon, S.C. et al. “Erectile Dysfunction and Undiagnosed Diabetes, Hypertension, and Hypercholesterolemia,” Annals of Family Medicine (2015) 13:331.

 

Weinhardt, LS and MP Carey. “Prevalence of Erectile Disorder Among Men with Diabetes Melllitus: Comprehensive Review,” Journal of Sex Research (1996) 33:205.

 

Wylie, K.R. et al. “The Potential Benefit of Vacuum Devices Augmenting Psychosexual Therapy for Erectile Dysfunction: A Randomized Controlled Trial,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2003) 29:227.

 

Sex and diabetes in women

Both, S. et al. “Sexual Response in Women with Type I Diabetes Mellitus: A Controlled Laboratory Study Measuring Vaginal Blood Flow and Subjective Sexual Arousal,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2015) 44:1573.

 

Caruso, S. et al. “Sildenafil Improves Sexual Functioning in Premenopausal Women with Type 1 Diabetes Who Are Affected by Sexual Arousal Disorder: A Double-Blind Crossover, Placebo-Controlled Pilot Study,” Fertility and Sterility (2006) 85:1496

 

Elyasi, F. et al. “Sexual Dysfunction in Women with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus,” Iranian Journal of Medical Science (2015) 40:206.

 

Esposito, K. et al. “Mediterranean Diet Improves Sexual Function in Women with the Metabolic Syndrome,” International Journal of Impotence Research (2007) 19:486.

 

Grandjean, C. and B. Moran. “The Impact of Diabetes on Female Sexual Well-Being,” Nursing Clinics of North America (2007) 42:581.

 

Mazzilli, R. et al. “Sexual Dysfunction in Diabetic Women: Prevalence and Differences in Type 1 and 2 Diabetes Mellitus,” Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome, and Obesity (2015) 8:97.

 

Mintz, L.B. “Bibliotherapy for Low Sexual Desire: Evidence for Effectiveness,” Journal of Counseling Psychology (2012) 59:471.

 

Phillips, A. and S. Phillips. “Recognizing Female Sexual Dysfunction as an Essential Aspect of Effective Diabetes Care,” Applied Nursing Research (2015) 28:235.

 

Pontiroli, A.E. et al. “Female Sexual Dysfunction and Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2013) 10:1044.

 

Rutte, A. et al. “Prevalence and Correlates of Sexual Dysfunction in Men and Women with Type 2 Diabetes,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2015) 41:680.

 

Rutte, A. et al. “Type 2 Diabetes Patients’ Needs and Preferences for Care Concerning Sexual Problems: A Cross-Sectional Survey and Qualitative Interviews,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2015) 7:1.

 

Sex after heart attack

Drory, Y. et al. “Myocardial Ischemia During Sexual Activity in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease,” American Journal of Cardiology (1995) 75:835.

 

Jackson, G. “Sexual Response in Cardiovascular Disease,” Journal of Sex Research (2009) 46:233.

 

Moller, J. et al. “Sexual Activity as a Trigger of Myocardial Infarction: A Case-Crossover Analysis in the Stockholm Heart Epidemiology Program (SHEEP),” Heart (2001) 86:387.

 

Nawrot, T.S. et al. “Public Health Importance of Triggers of Myocardial Infarction: A Comparative Risk Assessment,” Lancet (2011) 377(9767):732.

 

Sztajzel, J. “Sexuality and Heart Disease,” Rev. Med. Suisse (2012) 8:631.

 

Sex after prostate cancer

Alemozaffar, M. et al. “Prediction of Erectile Function Following Treatment for Prostate Cancer,” Journal of the American Medical Association (2011) 306:1205.

Brock, G. et al. “Effect of Tadalafil Once a Day on Penile Length Loss and Morning Erections in Patients After Bilateral Nerve-Sparing Radical Prostatectomy: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial,” Urology (2015) 85:1090.

Christian, JN et al. “Back to Baseline: Erectile Function Recovery After Radical Prostatectomy from the Patients’ Perspective,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2013) 10:1636.

Ficarra V et al. “Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Studies Reporting Potency Rates after Robot-Assisted Radical Prostatectomy,” European Urology (2012) 62:418.

Fode, M. et al. “Erectile Function After Prostatectomy: Do Patients Return to Baseline?” Scandinavian Journal of Urology (2016) 50:160.

Geraerts, I. et al. “Influence of Preoperative and Postoperative Pelvic Floor Muscle Training (PFMT) Compared with Postoperative PFMT on Urinary Incontinence After Radical Prostatectomy: A Randomized Controlled Trial,” European Urology (2013) 64:766.

Geraerts, I. et al. “Pelvic Floor Muscle Training for Erectile Dysfunction and Climacturia One Year After Nerve-Sparing Radical Prostatectomy: A Randomized Controlled Trial,” International Journal of Impotence Research (2016) 28:9.

Gilbert, S.M. et al. “Functional Outcomes Following Nerve-Sparing Prostatectomy: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial,” Journal of Urology (2017) epub ahead of print.

Hirik, E. et al. “Results of Tadalafil Treatment in Patients Following Open Nerve-Sparing Radical Prostatectomy,” Archives of Italian Urology and Andrology (2016) 88:4.

Kupelian, PA et al. “Radical Prostatectomy, External Beam Radiotherapy, Permanent Seed Implantation, or Combined Seeds/External Beam Radiotherapy for Stage T1-T2 Prostate Cancer,” International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, and Physics (2004) 58:25.

 

Kupelian, PA et al. “Comparison of Efficacy of Local Therapies for Localized Prostate Cancer: A Large Single Institution Experience with Radical Prostatectomy and External Beam Radiation,” Journal of Clinical Oncology (2002) 20:3376.

 

MacDonald, R. et al. “Pelvic Floor Muscle Training to Improve Urinary Incontinence After Radical Prostatectomy: A Systematic Review of Effectiveness,” BJU International (2007) 100:76.

 

Megas, G et al. “Comparison of Efficacy and Satisfaction Profile Between Penile Prosthesis Implantation and Oral PDE5 Inhibitor Tadalafil Therapy, in Men with Nerve-Sparing Radical Prostatectomy Erectile Dysfunction. BJU International (formerly British Journal of Urology) (2013) 112:169-76.

 

Montorsi, F and A. McCullough. “Efficacy of Sildenafil (Viagra) in Men with Erectile Dysfunction Following Radical Prostatectomy: A Systematic Review of Clinical Data,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2005) 2:658.

 

Montorsi, F. et al. “Effects of Tadalafil Treatment on Erectile Function Recovery Following Bilateral Nerve-Sparing Radical Prostatectomy: a Randomised Placebo-Controlled Study (REACTT),” European Urology (2014) 65:587.

 

Mulhall, J.P. et al. “Effects of Tadalafil Once-Daily or On-Demand vs. Placebo on Retun to Baseline Erectile Function After Bilateral Nerve-Sparing Radical Prostatectomy: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial (REACTT),” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2016) 123:679.

 

Noldus, J et al. “Patient-Reported Sexual Function After Nerve-Sparing Radical Retropubic Prostatectomy,” European Urology (2002) 42:118.

 

Potosky, AL et al. “Five-Year Outcomes After Prostatectomy or Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer: The Prostate Cancer Outcomes Study,” Journal of the National Cancer Institute (2004) 96:1358.

 

Rosasi, M.S. et al. “Erectile Function Recovery After Nerve-Sparing Radical Prostatectomy for Prostate Cancer: Is Back to Baseline Status Enough for Patient Satisfaction?” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2016) 13:669.

 

Salonia, A. et al. “Sexual Rehabilitation After Treatment for Prostate Cancer, Part I: Recommendations from the Fourth International Consultation for Sexual Medicine (ICSM 2015),” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2017) 14:285.

 

Shimizu, T et al. “Erectile Dysfunction Following Nerve-Sparing Radical Retropubic Prostatectomy and Its Treatment with Sildenafil,” International Journal of Urology (2005) 12:552.

 

Sighinolfi, M.C. et al. “Potential Effectiveness of Pelvic Floor Rehabilitation Treatment for Post-Radical Prostatectomy Incontinence, Climacturia, and Erectile Dysfunction: A Case Series,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2009) 6:3496.

 

Sivarajan G, et al. “Ten-Year Outcomes of Sexual Function After Radical Prostatectomy: Results of a Prospective Longitudinal Study,European Urology (2014) 65:58.

 

Sridhar, A.N. et al. “Recovery of Baseline Erectile Function in Men Following Radical Prostatectomy for High-Risk Prostate Cancer: A Prospective Analysis Using Validated Measures,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2016) 13:435.

 

Terrier, J.E. et al. “Decrease in Intercourse Satisfaction in Men Who Recover Erections After Radical Prostatectomy,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2018) 15:1133.

 

Sex after breast cancer

Aerts, L. et al. “Sexual Functioning in Women After Mastectomy Vs. Breast Conserving Therapy for Early-Stage Breast Cancer: A Prospective Controlled Study,” Breast (2014) 23:629.

 

Bober S.L. et al. “Psychosexual Functioning and Body Image Following a Diagnosis of Ductal Carcinoma in Situ,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2013) 10:370.

 

Broeckel J.A. et al. “Sexual Functioning in Long-Term Breast Cancer Survivors Treated with Adjuvant Chemotherapy,” Breast Cancer Research and Treatment (2002) 75:241.

 

Fallbjörk U. et al. “Aspects of Body Image After Mastectomy Due to Breast Cancer: A Two-Year Follow-Up Study,” European Journal of Oncological Nursing (2013) 17:340.

 

Farthmann, J. et al. “The Impact of Chemotherapy Fro Breast Cancer On Sexual Function and Health-Related Quality of Life,” Supportive Care in Cancer (2016) 24:2603.

 

Frechette D. et al. “The Impact of Endocrine Therapy on Sexual Dysfunction in Postmenopausal Women with Early Stage Breast Cancer: Encouraging Results from a Prospective Study,” Breast Cancer Research and Treatment (2013) 141:111.

 

Kraemer L.M. et al. “A Longitudinal Examination of Couples’ Coping Strategies as Predictors of Adjustment to Breast Cancer,” Journal of Family Psychology (2011) 25:963.

 

Male, D.A. et al. “Sexual Identity After Breast Cancer: Sexuality, Body Image, and Relationship Repercussions,” Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care (2016) 10:66.

 

Mendoza, N. et al. “Sexual Health After Breast Cancer: Recommendations from the Spanish Menopause Society,” Maturitas (2017) epub ahead of print.

 

Meyerowitz, B.E. et al. “Sexuality Following Breast Cancer,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (1999) 25:237.

 

Neto MS, “Sexuality After Breast Reconstruction Post-Mastectomy,” Aesthetic and Plastic Surgery (2013) 37:643.

 

Panjari M. et al. “Sexual Function After Breast Cancer, “Journal of Sexual Medicine (2011) 8:294-302.

 

Pumo V. et al. “Psychological And Sexual Disorders In Long-Term Breast Cancer Survivors,” Cancer Management Research (2012) 4:61.

 

Raggio, G.A. et al. “Prevalence and Correlates of Sexual Morbidity in Long-Term Breast Cancer Survivors,” Psychology in Health (2014) 29:632.

 

Rojas, K. et al. “The Impact of Mastectomy Type on Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), Satisfaction with Appearance, and the Reconstructed Breast’s Role in Intimacy,” Breast Cancer Research and Treatment (2107) 163:273.

 

Rottmann, N. et al. “Satisfaction with Sex Life in Sexually Active Heterosexual Couples Dealing with Breast Cancer: A Nationwide Longitudinal Study,” Acta Oncologia (2017) 56:212.

 

Shaw, L.K. et al. “Women’s Experience of Dating After Breast Cancer,” Journal of Psychosocial Oncology (2016) 34:318.

 

Tat, S. et al. “Qualitative Exploration of Sexual Health Among Diverse Breast Cancer Survivors,” Journal of Cancer Education (2016) epub ahead of print.

 

Unukovych, D. et al. “Preoperative Psychosocial Characteristics May Predict Body Image and Sexuality Two Years After Risk-Reducing Mastectomy: A Prospective Study,” Gland Surgery (2017) 6:64.

 

Vieira EM et al. “Reproductive and Sexual History of Women Treated for Breast Cancer,” Rev. Brasil Ginecolog. Obstet. [Portuguese journal] (2013) 35:78.

 

Webber K. et al. “If I Am in the Mood, I Enjoy It: An Exploration of Cancer-Related Fatigue and Sexual Functioning in Women with Breast Cancer,” Oncologist (2011) 16:1333.

 

Sex after hysterectomy

Kupperman, M. et al. “Effect of Hysterectomy vs. Medical Treatment on Health-Related Quality of Life and Sexual Functioning,” Journal of the American Medical Association (2004) 291:1447.

 

Maas, CP et al. “The Effect of Hysterectomy on Sexual Functioning,” Annual Review of Sex Research (2004) p. 83.

 

Macready, N. “Hysterectomy Did Not Impair Sexual Function in Two Studies,” Family Practice News, Feb. 1, 2004, reporting on the annual meeting of the Central Association of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.

 

Metson, CM. “The Effects of Hysterectomy on Sexual Arousal in Women with a History of Benign Fibroids,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2004) 33:31.

 

Roovers, J-P et al. “Hysterectomy and Sexual Well-Being: Prospective Observational Study of Vaginal Hysterectomy, Subtotal Abdominal Hysterectomy, and Total Abdominal Hysterectomy.” BMJ [British Medical Journal] (2003) 327:774.

 

Snoring and sex

Hanak, V. et al. “Snoring as a Risk Factor for Sexual Dysfunction in Community Men,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2008) 5:898.

 

Sex and disability

Kaufman, M. et al. The Ultimate Guide to Sex and Disability: For All of Us Who Live with Disabilities, Chronic Pain and Illness. Cleis Press, San Francisco, 2007.

 

The Sessions movie

https://www.amazon.com/Sessions-John-Hawkes/dp/B00B7FWWNA/ref=sr_1_1?s=movies-tv&ie=UTF8&qid=1491505069&sr=1-1&keywords=The+Sessions

 

 

  1. Sex and Drugs

Sex and marijuana:

https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/all-about-sex/201105/marijuana-and-sex-surprising-results-blogger-s-informal-survey

 

https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/all-about-sex/201003/how-does-marijuana-affect-your-sex-life

 

Fuss, J. et al. “Masturbation to Orgasm Stimulates the Release of the Endocannabinoid 2-Arachidonoylglycerol in Humans,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2017) 14:1372.

 

Hathaway, AD, “Cannabis Effects and Dependency Concerns in Long-Term Frequent Users,” Addiction Research and Theory (2003) 11:441.

 

Lynn, B. et al. “The Relationship Between Marijuana Use Prior to Sex and Sexual Function in Women,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2017)14 (Suppl. 1):S105.

 

Lynn, B. et al. “The Perceived Effects of Marijuana Use Before Sex,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2017) 14(Suppl. 5):e357.

 

Osborne GB and C Fogel. “Understanding the Motivations for Recreational Marijuana Use Among Canadians,” Substance Use and Misuse (2008) 43:539.

 

Weller, RA and JA Halikas, “Marijuana Use and Sexual Behavior,” Journal of Sex Research (1984) 20:186.

 

Sun, A.J. and M.L. Eisenberg. “Association Between Marijuana Use and Sexual Frequency in the United States: A Population-Based Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2017) 14:1342.

 

Drugs’ possible sexual side effects:

Drug Facts and Comparisons, Wolters Kluwer Health, St. Louis, MO.

 

Finger, W.W. et al. “Medications That May Contribute to Sexual Disorders,” Journal of Family Practice (1997) 44:33.

 

Gacci, M. et al. “Impact of Medical Treatments for Male Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms Due to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia on Ejaculatory Function: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2014) 11:154.

 

Testosterone supplementation

Bolona, E.R. et al. “Testosterone Use in Men with Sexual Dysfunction: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trials,” Mayo Clinic Proceedings (2007) 82:20.

Budoff, M.J. et al. “Testosterone Treatment and Coronary Artery Plaque Vlume in Older Men with Low Testosterone,” Journal of the American Medical Association (2017) 317:708.

Corona, G. et al. “Testosterone Supplementation and Sexual Function: Meta-Analysis Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2014) 11:1577.

Corona, G. et al. “Meta-Analysis of Results of Testosterone Therapy on Sexual Function Based on International Index of Erectile Function Scores,” European Urology (2017) epub ahead of print.

Isidori, A.M. et al. “Effects of Testosterone on Sexual Function in Men: Results of Meta-Analysis,” Clinical Endocrinology (Oxford) (2005) 63:381.

Tavernise, S. “FDA Panel Backs Limits on Testosterone Drugs,” New York Times, Sept. 18, 2014.

Rabin, R.C. “A High Price for Vigor,” New York Times, Feb. 4, 2014.

Rabin, R.C. “Mixed Results for Testosterone,” New York Times, March, 28, 2017.

LaPuma, J. “Don’t Ask Your Doctor About ‘Low T’,” New York Times, Feb. 4, 2014.

O’Connor, A. “Study Adds Concerns About Cardiac Risks for Older Men Taking Testosterone,” New York Times, Jan. 30, 2014.

Singer, N. “Selling That ‘New Man’ Feeling.” New York Times, Nov, 24, 2013.

Aphrodisiacs:

Arletti, R. et al. “Stimulating Properties of Turnera Difusa and Pfaffia Paniculata extracts on the Sexual Behavior of Male Rats,” Psychopharmacology (Berlin) (1999) 143:15.

 

Bolour, S.Y. and G.D. Braunstein. “Pharmacologic Treatment Options for Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder,” Women’s Health (Lond.) (2005) 1:263.

 

Carey, M.P. and B.T. Johnson. “Effectiveness of Yohimbine in the Treatment of Erectile Disorder: Four Meta-Analytic Integrations,” Archives of Sexual Behavior, (1996) 25:341

 

Crenshaw, T. Alchemy of Love and Lust, Gallery Books/Simon & Schuster, NY, 1997, pp. 55-63.

 

Estrada-Reyes, R. et al. “Pro-Sexual Effects of Turnera Diffusa Wild (Turneraceae) in Male Rats Involves the Nitric Oxide Pathway,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2013) 146:164.

 

Estrada-Reyes, R. et al. “Turnera Diffusa Wild (Turneraceae) Recovers Sexual Behavior in Sexually Exhausted Rats,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2009) 123:423.

 

Ferguson, D.M. et al. “Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind, Parallel Design Trail of the Efficacy and Safety of Zestra for Women in Women with Mixed Desire/Interest/Arousal/Orgasm Disorders,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2010) 36:66.

 

Ferguson, D.M. et al. “Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind, Crossover Design Trial of the Efficacy and Safety of Zestra for Women in Women with and Without Female Sexual Arousal Disorder,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2003) 29 (Suppl.1):33.

 

Ito, T.Y. et al. “A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study of ArginMax, a Nutritional Supplement for Enhancement of Female Sexual Function,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2001) 27:541.

 

Ito, T.Y. et al. “The Enhancement of Female Sexual Function with ArginMax, a Nutrtional Supplement, Among Women Differing in Menopausal Status,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2006) 32:369.

 

Kilham, C. Hot Plants: Nature’s Proven Sex Boosters for Men and Women. St. Martin’s Griffin, NY, 2004.

 

Nguyen, S. et al. “Safety and Efficacy of Daily Revactin in Men with Erectile Dysfunction: a 3-Month Pilot Study,” Translational Andrology and Urology (2018) 7:266.

 

Reid, et al “Double-Blind Trial of Yohimbine in Treatment of Psychogenic Impotence,” Lancet, Aug. 22, 1987.

 

Sohn, M. and R. Sikora, “Gingko Biloba Extract in the Therapy of Erectile Dysfunction,” Journal of Sex Education and Therapy (1991) 17:53.

 

Tribulus terrestris

Akhtari, E. et al. “Tribulus Terrestris for Treatment of Sexual Dysfunction in Women: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study,” Daru Journal of the Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University (2014) 22:40.

 

Bone, K. “Tribulus for Sexual Dysfunction in Men and Women,” Townsend Letter for Doctors and Patients,” Aug/Sept. 2004.

 

DeSouza, K.Z. et al. “Efficacy of Tribulus Terrestris for the Treatment of Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Postmenopausal Women: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial,” Menopause (2016) 23:1252.

 

Gama, C.R. et al. “Clinical Assessment of Tribulus Terrestris Extract in the Treatment of Female Sexual Dysfunction,” Clinical Medicine Insights in Women’s Health (2014) 7:45.

 

Kemenov, Z et al. “Evaluation of the Efficacy and Safety of Tribulus Terrestris in Male Sexual Dysfunction: A Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial,” Maturitas (2017) 99:20.

 

Neychev, V. and V. Mitev. “Pro-Sexual and Androgen-Enhancing Effects of Tribulus Terrestris: Fact or Fiction?” Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2016) 179:345.

 

Postigo, S. et al. “Assessment of the Effects of Tribulus Terrestris on Sexual Function of Menopausal Women,” Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia (2016)38:140.

 

Qureshi, A et al. “A Systematic Review on the Herbal Extract Tribulus Terrestris and the Roots of Its Putative Aphrodisiac and Performance-Enhancing Effect,” Journal of Dietary Supplements (2014) 11:64.

 

Roaiah, M.F. et al. “Pilot Study on the Effect of Botanical Medicine Tribulus Terrestris on Serum Testosterone Level and Erectile Function in Aging Males with Partial Androgen Deficiency,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2016) 42:297.

 

Santos, C.A. et al. “Tribulus Terrestris Vs. Placebo in the Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction: A Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind Study,” Actas Urologia Espana (2014) 38:244.

 

Vale, F.B.C. et al. “Efficacy of Tribulus Terrestris for the Treatment of Postmenopausal Women with Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial,” Gynecology and Endocrinology (2018) 34:442.

 

  1. Men & Menopause

Effects of menopause in general:

Northrup, C. Women’s Bodies, Women’s Wisdom (revised edition). Bantam, NY, 2010.

 

Women’s libido during and after menopause

Ambler, D.R. et al. “Sexual Function in Elderly Women: A Review of Current Literature,” Review of Obstetrics and Gynecology (2012) 5:16.

 

Beigi, M. and F. Fahami. “A Comparative Study on Sexual Dysfunction Before and After Menopause,” Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research (2012) 17(2 Suppl. 1):S72.

 

Burri, A. et al. “Longitudinal Evaluation of Sexual Function in a Cohort of Pre- and Post-Menopausal Women,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:1427.

 

Dennerstein, L. et al. “Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Menopausal Women: A Survey of Western European Women,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2006) 3:212.

 

Graziottin, A. et al. “The Prevalence of Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Surgically Menopausal Women: A Epidemiological Study of Women in Four European Countries,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2009) 6:2143.

 

Guthrie, J.R. et al. “The Menopausal Transition: A Nine-Year Prospective Population-Based Study. The Melbourne Women’s Midlife Health Project,” Climacteric (2004) 7:375.

 

Hashemi, S. et al. “Evaluation of Sexual Attitude and Sexual Function at Menopausal Age: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study,” Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine (2013) 11:631.

 

Islam, R.M. et al. “Prevalence of Sexual Symptoms in Relation to Menopause in Women in Asia: A Systematic Review,” Menopause (2017) epub ahead of print.

 

Leiblum, S.R. et al. “Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Postmenopausal Women: U.S. Results form the Women’s International Study of Health and Sexuality (WISHeS),” Menopause (2006) 13:46.

 

Maserejian, N.N. et al. “Sexual Arousal and Lubrication Problems in Women with Clinically Diagnosed Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder: Preliminary Findings form the Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder Registry for Women,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2012) 38:41.

 

Randolph, J.F. et al. “Masturbation Frequency and Sexual Function Domains Are Associated with Serum Reproductive Hormone Levels Across the Menopausal Transition,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (2015) 100:258.

 

Rosen, R.C. et al. “Sexual Desire Problems in Women Seeking Healthcare: A Novel Study Design for Ascertaining Prevalence of Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Clinic-Based Samples of U.S. Women,” Journal of Women’s Health (Larchmont) (2012) 21:505.

 

Thomas, H.N. et al. “Changes in Sexual Function Among Midlife Women: ‘I’m Older … and I’m wiser,’” Menopause (2017) epub ahead of print.

 

Thornton, K. et al. “Menopause and Sexuality,” Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America (2015) 4:649.

 

Trompeter, S.E. et al. “Sexual Activity and Satisfaction in Healthy Community-Dwelling Older Women,” American Journal of Medicine (2012) 125:37.

 

Worsley, R. et al. “Prevalence and Predictors of Low Sexual Desire, Sexually Related Personal Distress, and Hypoactive Sexual Desire dysfunction in a Community-Based Sample of Midlife Women,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2017) 14:675.

 

Soy foods minimize hot flashes

Franco, O.H. et al. “Use of Plant-Based Therapies and Menopausal Symptoms: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,” Journal of the American Medical Association (2016)315:2554.

 

Taku, K. et al. “Extracted or Synthesized Soybean Isoflavones Reduce Menopausal Hot Flash Frequency and Severity: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials,” Menopause (2012) 19:776.

 

Fruits and vegetables minimize hot flashes

Herber-Gast, G.C. and G.D. Mishra. “Fruit, Mediterranean-Style, and High-Fat and –Sugar Diets Are Associated with the Risk of Night Sweats and Hot Flushes in Midlife: Results from a Prospective Cohort Study,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2013) 97:1092.

 

Kroenke, C.H. et al. “Effects of a Dietary Intervention and Weight Change on Vasomotor Symptoms in the Women’s Health Initiative,” Menopause (2012) 19:980.

 

Vitamin E minimizes hot flashes

Aidelsburger, P. et al. “Alternative Methods for the Treatment of Post-Menopausal Troubles,” GMS Health and Technology Assessment (2012) 8:Doc03. doi: 10.3205/hta000101.

 

Doshi, S.B. and A. Agarwal. “The Role of Oxidative Stress in Menopause,” Journal of Midlife Health (2013) 4:140.

Philip, H.A. “Hot Flashes: A Review of the Literature on Alternative and Complementary Treatment Approaches,” Alternative Medicine Review (2003) 8:284.

 

Ziaei, S. et al. “The Effect of Vitamin E on Hot Flashes in Menopausal Women,” Gynecology and Obstetrics Investigations (2007) 64:204.

 

Relaxation therapies minimize hot flashes

Irvin J.H. et al. “The Effects of Relaxation Response Training on Menopausal Symptoms,” Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynecology (1996) 17:202.

 

Reed, S.D. et al. “Menopausal Quality of Life: RCT of Yoga, Exercise, and Omega-3 Supplements,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (2014) 210:244.

 

Exercise minimizes hot flashes

Asghari, M. et al. “Effect of Aerobic Exercise and Nutrition Education on Quality of Life and Early Menopause Symptoms: A Randomized Controlled Trial,” Women’s Health (2017) 57:173.

Bailey, T.G. et al. “Exercise Training Reduces the Acute Physiological Severity of Post-Menopausal Hot Flushes,” Journal of Physiology (2016) 594:657.

Booth-LaForce, C. et al. “A Pilot Study of a Hatha Yoga Treatment for Menopausal Symptoms,” Maturitas (2007) 57:286.

Daley, A.J. et al. “Exercise to Reduce Vasomotor and Other Menopausal Symptoms: A Review,” Maturitas (2009) 63:176.

 

Kai, Y. et al. “Effects of Stretching on Menopausal and Depressive Symptoms in Middle-Aged Women: a Randomized Controlled Trial,” Menopause (2016) 23:827.

 

Kim, M.J. et al. “Association Between Physical Activity and Menopausal Symptoms in Peri-menopausal Women,” BMC Women’s Health (2014) 14:122.

 

Mansikkamaki, K. et al. “Hot Flushes Among Aging Women: A 4-Year Follow-Up Study to a Randomized Controlled Exercise Trial,” Maturitas (2016) 88:84.

 

Black cohosh minimizes hot flashes

Franco, O.H. et al. “Use of Plant-Based Therapies and Menopausal Symptoms: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,” Journal of the American Medical Association (2016) 315:2554.

 

  1. Never Too Old

Good books about older sexuality

Price, Joan. The Ultimate Guide to Sex After 50: How to Maintain—or Regain—a Spicy, Satisfying Sex Life. Cleis Press, San Francisco, 2014.

 

Price, Joan. Naked At Our Age: Talking Out Loud About Senior Sex. Seal Press, Berkeley, CA, 2011.

 

Price, Joan. Better Than I Ever Expected: Straight Talk About Sex After Sixty. Seal Press, Berkeley, CA,2005.

 

Studies of late life sexuality

Araujo, AB et al. “Changes in Sexual Function in Middle-Aged and Older Men: Longitudinal Data from the Massachusetts Male Aging Study,” Journal of the American Geriatric Society (2004) 52:1502.

 

Avalon, L. et al. “Older Adults’ Coping Strategies with Changes in Sexual Functioning: Results from Qualitative Research,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2-19) 16:52.

Bacon, C. et al. “Sexual Function in Men Older Than 50: Results from the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study,” Annals of Internal Medicine (2003) 139:161.

Beckman, NM and I. Skoog. “Determinants of Sexuality in 70-Year-Olds,” presented at the World Congress of Sexology (2005).

 

Dunn, KM et al. “Satisfaction in the Sex Live of the General Population,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2000) 26:141.

 

Galinsky, AM. “Sexual Touching and Difficulties with Sexual Arousal and Orgasm Among U.S. Older Adults,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2012) 41:875.

 

Gillespie, B.J. “Correlates of Sex Frequency and Sexual Satisfaction Among Partnered Older Adults,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2017) 43:403.

 

Golden, F. “Still Sexy After 60,” Time 1-19-2004.

 

Kingsbury, SA. “The Impact of Aging on Sexual Function in Women and their Partners,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2002) 31:431.

 

Forbes, M.K. et al. “Sexual Quality of Life and Aging: A Prospective Study of a Nationally Representative Sample,” Journal of Sex Research (2017) 54:137.

 

Herbenick, D. et al. “Sexual Behavior in the United States: Results from a National Probability Sample of Men and Women Ages 14-94,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7(Suppl 5):255.

 

Hyde, Z et al. “Prevalence and Predictors of Sexual Problems in Men Aged 75-95 Years: A Population-Based Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2012) 9:442.

 

Kontula, O and E Haavio-Mannila. “The Impact of Aging on Human Sexual Acitivity and Sexual Desire,” Journal of Sex Research (2009) 46:46.

 

Karraker, A. et al. “Sexual Frequency Decline From Midlife to Later Life,” Journal of Gerontology, Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences (2011) 66B:502.

 

Lindau, ST et al. “A Study of Sexuality and Health Among Older Adults in the United States,” New England Journal of Medicine (2007) 357:762.

 

Lindau, ST and N Gavrilova. “Sex, Health, and Years of Sexually Active Life Gained Due to Good Health: Evidence from Two U.S. Populations-Based Cross-Sectional Surveys of Ageing,” BMJ (2010) 340:c810.

 

Laumann, E.O. et al. “Sexual Dysfunction Among Older Adults: Prevalence and Risk Factors from a Nationally Representative U.S. Probability Sample of Men and Women 57-85 Years of Age,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2008) 5:2300.

 

Laumann, E.O. et al. “A Cross-National Study of Subjective Sexual Well-Being Among Older Women and Men: Findings from a Global Study of Sexual Attitudes and Behaviors,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2006) 35:145.

 

Martin, S. et al. “Clinical and Biopsychosocial Determinants of Sexual Dysfunction in Middle-Aged and Older Australian Men,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2012) 9:2093.

 

Nicolosi, A. et al. “Sexual Behavior and Sexual Dysfunctions After Age 40: The Global Study of Sexual Attitudes and Behaviors,” Urology (2004) 64:991.

 

Panser, LA et al. “Sexual Function Of Men Ages 40 to 79: The Olmstead County Study of Urinary Symptoms and Health Status Among Men,” Journal of the American Geriatric Society (1995) 43:1107.

 

Reynaert, C. et al. “The ZENITH Sample: Sexual Well-Being Remains Important in the Over-50 Population,” presented at the World Congress of Sexology (2005).

 

Toner, R. “Majority Over 45 Say Sex Lives Are Just Fine,” New York Times, 8-4-1999.

 

Studies of sexual difficulties among older adults.

Hyde, Z. et al. “Prevalence and Predictors of Sexual Problems in Men Aged 75-95 Years: A Population-Based Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2012) 9:442.

 

Laumann, EO et al. “Sexual Dysfunction Among Older Adults: Prevalence and Risk Factors from a Nationally Representative U.S. Probability Sample of Men and Women 57-85 Years of Age,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2008) 5:2300.

 

Lindau, S. et al. “A Study of Sexuality and Health Among Older Adults in the U.S.” New England Journal of Medicine (2007) 357:762.

 

Martin, S. et al. “Clinical and Biopsychosocial Determinants of Sexual Dysfunction in Middle-Aged and Older Australian Men,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2012) 9:2093.

 

Age-related changes in penis size

Schneider, T. et al. “Does Penis Size in Younger Men Cause Problems in Condom Use? A Prospective Measurement of Penile Dimensions in 111 Young and 32 Older Men,” Urology (2001) 57:314.

 

Condom use after 50

http://assets.aarp.org/rgcenter/general/srr_09.pdf

 

Men over forty account for 45 percent of the porn audience

http://www.toptenreviews.com/internet-pornography-statistics/

 

Among “old married couples,” does the quality of sex decline?

Jasso, G. “Marital Coital Frequency and the Passage of Time: Estimating the Separate Effects of Spouses’ Ages and Marital Duration, Birth and Marriage Cohorts, and Period Influences,” American Sociological Review (1985) 50:224.

 

Klusmann, D. “Sexual Motivation and the Duration of Partnership,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2002) 31:275.

 

Liu, C. “Does Quality of Marital Sex Decline with Duration?” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2003) 32:55.

 

Lloyd, E. The Case of the Female Orgasm. Harvard University Press, 2005.

 

Santtila, P. et al. “Discrepancies Between Sexual Desire and Sexual Activity: Gender Differences and Associations with Relationship Satisfaction,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2008) 34:31.

The sexual grieving of widowhood

Brody, J. “After a Partner Dies, Mourning the Loss of Sex,” New York Times March 7, 2017.

 

Sex in nursing homes

Hu, W. “Too Old for Sex? A Nursing Home in the Bronx Says No Such Thing,” New York Times, July 13, 2016.

 

Kaplan, S. “Former Iowa Legislator Henry Rayhons, 78, Found Not Guilty of Sexually Abusing Wife with Alzheimer’s,” Washington Post, April 23, 2015

 

Shelstedt, I. et al. “Gentle Touch Perception Across the Lifespan,” Psychology and Aging (2016) 31:176

 

  1. Sex Therapy

The two surveys showing contradictory findings about sex problems and sexual satisfaction

Laumann, E.O. et al. “Sexual Dysfunction in the United States: Prevalence and Predictors,” Journal of the American Medical Association (1999) 281:537-544.

 

Dunn, K.M. et al. “Satisfaction in the Sex Life of a General Population Sample,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2000) 26:141-151.

 

Studies showing the benefit of sex therapy

Banner, L.L. and R.U. Anderson. “Integrated Sildenafil and Cognitive-Behavioral Sex Therapy for Psychogenic Erectile Dysfunction: A Pilot Study,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2007) 4(4 Pt 2):1117.

 

Berner, M.and C. Gunzler. “Efficacy of Psychosocial Interventions in Men and Women with Sexual Dysfunctions: A Systematic Review of Controlled Clinical Trials, Part 1, Male Sexual Dysfunctions,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2012) 9:3089.

 

Fruhauf, S. et al. “Efficacy of Psychological Interventions for Sexual Dysfunction: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2013) 42:915.

 

Gunzler, C. and M. Berner. ““Efficacy of Psychosocial Interventions in Men and Women with Sexual Dysfunctions: A Systematic Review of Controlled Clinical Trials, Part 2, Female Sexual Dysfunctions,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2012) 9:33108.

 

McCabe, M.P. “Evaluation of a Cognitive Behavior Therapy Program for People with Sexual Dysfunction,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2001) 27:259.

 

Melnik, T. et al. “Psychosocial Interventions for Erectile Dysfunction,” Cochrane Database Systematic Review (2007) CD004825.

 

An excellent self-help book for women with difficulty having orgasms

Heiman, J. and J. LoPicollo. Becoming Orgasmic: A Sexual and Personal Growth Program for Women. Fireside, NY, 1987 and subsequent editions.

 

Self-help books for low libido in women

Mintz, L.B. A Tired Woman’s Guide to Passionate Sex: Reclaim Your Desire and Reignite Your Relationship. Adams Media/Simon & Schuster, NY, 2009.

 

Watson, L.J. Wanting Sex Again: How To Rediscover Your Desire and Heal a Sexless Marriage. Berkeley, NY, 2012.

 

Studies showing the benefits of sex therapy

Banner, L.L. and R.U. Anderson. “Integrated Sildenafil and Cognitive-Behavioral Sex Therapy for Psychogenic Erectile Dysfunction: A Pilot Study,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2007) 4(4 Pt 2):1117.

 

McCabe, M.P. “Evaluation of a Cognitive Behavior Therapy Program for People with Sexual Dysfunction,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2001) 27:259.

 

Melnik, T. et al. “Psychosocial Interventions for Erectile Dysfunction,” Cochrane Database Systematic Review (2007) CD004825.

 

Hope Springs movie

https://www.amazon.com/Hope-Springs-Meryl-Streep/dp/B0099114WO/ref=sr_1_1?s=movies-tv&ie=UTF8&qid=1502737486&sr=1-1&keywords=hope+springs+dvd

 

For best ED treatment results: Erection drugs plus sex therapy

Aubin, S.et al. “Comparing Sildenafil Along Vs. Sildenafil Plus Brief Couple Sex Therapy on Erectile Dysfunction in Couples’ Sexual and Marital Quality of Life: A Pilot Study,” Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy (2009) 35:122.

Banner, L.L. and R.U. Anderson. “Integrated Sildenafil and Cognitive-Behavior Sex Therapy for Psychogenic Erectile Dysfunction: A Pilot Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2007) 4:1117.

 

Melnik, T. et al. “Psychosocial Interventions for Erectile Dysfunction,” Cochrane Database Systematic Review (2007) CD004825.

 

  1. Penis Size

Purveyor of penis-enlargement pills hacked

McWilliams, B. “Swollen Orders Show Spam’s Allure,” Wired, August 6, 2003.

 

Men’s insecurities about penis size

Stephens-Davidowitz, S. “Searching for Sex,” New York Times, Jan. 24, 2015. https://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/25/opinion/sunday/seth-stephens-davidowitz-searching-for-sex.html?_r=0

 

Wilcox, S.L. et al. “Genital Image, Sexu,al Anxiety, and Erectile Dysfunction Among Young Male Military Personnel,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:1389.

 

How women feel about penis size

Lever, J. et al. “Does Size Matter? Men’s and Women’s Views on Penis Size Across the Lifespan,” Psychology of Men and Masculinity (2006) 7:129.

 

Prause, N. et al. “Women’s Preferences for Penis Size: A New Research Method Using Selection Among 3D Models,” PLoS One (2015) 10:e0133079.

 

Stulhofer, A. “How (Un)Imprtant Is Penis Size for Women with Heterosexual Experience?” Letter in Archives of Sexual Behavior (2006) 35:5.

 

Ancient Greeks preferred small penises

https://www.artsy.net/article/artsy-editorial-ancient-greek-sculptures-small-penises

 

Clarke, J.R. Roman Sex. Harry N. Abrams, NY, 2003.

 

Studies of penis size

Grov, C. et al. “Self-Reported Penis Size and Experiences with Condoms Among Gay and Bisexual Men,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2013) 42:313.

 

Habous, M. et al. “Erect Penile Dimensions in a Cohort of 778 Middle Eastern Men: Establishment of a Nomogram,” (2015) Journal of Sexual Medicine 12:1402.

 

Harding, R. and S.E. Golombok. “Test-Retest Reliability of the Measurement of Penile Dimension in a Sample of Gay Men,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2002) 31:351.

 

Herbenick, D. et al. “Erect Penile Length and Circumference Dimensions of 1,661 Sexual Active Men in the United States,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2014) 11:93.

 

Mondaini, N. et al. “Penile Length is Normal in Most Men Seeking Penile Lengthening Procedures,” International Journal of Impotence Research (2002) 14:283.

 

Nugteren, H.A. et al. “Penis Enlargement: From Medication to Surgery,” Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy (2010) 36:118.

 

Veale, D. et al. “Am I Normal? A Systematic Review and Construction of Nomograms for Flaccid and Erect Penis Length and Circumference in Up to 15,521 Men,” BJU International [formerly British Journal of Urology] (2015) 115:978.

 

Penis size and aging

Schneider, T. et al. “Does Penis Size in Younger Men Cause Problems in Condom Use? A Prospective Measurement of Penile Dimensions in 111 Young and 32 Older Men,” Urology (2001) 57:314.

 

Risks of surgical enlargement

Furr, J et al. “Complications of Genital Enlargement Surgery,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2018) 15:1811.

 

Hypospadias and chordee

https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/birthdefects/hypospadias.html

 

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hypospadias/symptoms-causes/dxc-20252814

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hypospadias

 

https://denverurology.com/pediatric-urology/chordee/

 

http://www.webmd.com/men/guide/chordee-repair-treatment#1

 

Chertin, B. et al. “Objective and Subjective Sexual Outcomes in Adult Patients After Hypospadias Repair Performed in Childhood,” Journal of Urology (2013) 190:1556.

 

Ortqvist L. et al. “Long-Term Follow-up of men born with Hypospadias: Urological and Cosmetic Results,” Journal of Urology (2015) 193:975.

 

Rynja, S.P. et al. “Functional, Cosmetic, and Psychosexual Results in Adult Men Who Underwent Hypospadias Correction in Childhood,” Journal of Pediatric Urology (2011) 7:504.

 

Rynja, S.P. et al. “Long-Term Follow-Up of Hypospadias: Functional and Cosmetic Results,” Journal of Urology (2009) 182(Suppl 4):1736.

 

  1. Premature Ejaculation

General information about PE

Althof, S.E. et al. “International Society for Sexual Medicine’s Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Premature Ejaculation,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7:2947.

 

Barnes, T. and I. Eardley. “Premature Ejaculation: The Scope of the Problem,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2007) 33:151.

 

Chung, E. et al. “Premature Ejaculation: A Clinical Review for the General Physician,” Australian Family Practice (2015) 44:737.

 

Rowland, D. et al. “Self-Reported Premature Ejaculation and Aspects of Sexual Functioning and Satisfaction,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2004) 1:225.

 

Rowland, D. et al. “Attribution Patterns in Men Who Ejaculate Before They Desire: An Internet Survey,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2016) 42:462.

 

Tang, W.S. and E.M. Khoo. “Prevalence and Correlates of Premature Ejaculation in a Primary Care Setting: A Preliminary Cross-Section Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2011) 8:2071.

Studies showing that self-help resources help most men cure PE

Kempeneers, P et al. “Clinical Outcomes of a New Self-Help Booklet for Premature Ejaculation,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2012) 9:2417.

 

Van Diest, SL et al. “Sex Therapy Through the Internet for Men with Sexual Dysfunction: A Pilot Study,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2007) 33:115.

 

Across the lifespan, PE is men’s leading sex problem

Aschka, C. et al. “Sexual Problems of Male Patients in Family Practice,” Journal of Family Practice (2001) 50:773.

Dunn, K.M. et al. “Systematic Review of Sexual Problems: Epidemiology and Methodology,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2002) 28:399.

Kempeneers, P et al. “Functional and Psychological Characteristics of Belgian Men with Premature Ejaculation and Their Partners,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2013) 42:51.

 

Laumann, EO et al. “Sexual Dysfunction Among Older Adults: Prevalence and Risk Factors from a Nationally Representative U.S. Probability Sample of Men and Women 57-85 Years of Age,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2008) 5:2300.

 

Laumann, EO et al. “Sexual Dysfunction in the United States: Prevalence and Predictors,” Journal of the American Medical Association (1999) 281:537.

 

McMahon, C.G. et al. “The Pathophysiology of Acquired Premature Ejaculation,” Translational Andrology and Urology (2016) 5:434.

 

Rowland, D.L. and C.J. Neal “Understanding Men’s Attributions of Why They Ejaculate Before Desired: An Internet Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2014) 11:2554.

 

The Kamasutra on PE

Vatsyayana. Translated by W. Doniger and S. Kakar. Kamasutra. Oxford University Press, N, 2003.

 

Anxiety and PE

www.adaa.org

 

Risk factors for PE

Ahmed, A.F. et al. “Impact of Varicocelectomy on Premature Ejaculation in Varicocele Patients,” Andrologia (2015) 47:276.

 

Asadpour, A.A. et al. “The Effects of Varicocelectomy on Patients with Premature Ejaculation,” Nephro-Urology Monthly (2014) 6:e15991.

 

Brody, S. and P. Weiss. “Erectile Dysfunction and Premature Ejaculation: Interrelationships and Psychosexual Factors,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:398.

 

Corona, G. et al. “Interplay Between Premature Ejaculation and Erectile Dysfunction: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:2291.

 

Kempeneers, P. et al. “Sexual Cognitions, Trait Anxiety, Sexual Anxiety, and Distress in Men with Different Subtypes of Premature Ejaculation and in Their Partners,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2018) 44:319.

 

Kempeneers, P et al. “Functional and Psychological Characteristics of Belgian Men with Premature Ejaculation and Their Partners,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2013) 42:51.

 

Rajkumar, R.P. and A.K. Kumaran. “The Association of Anxiety with the Subtypes of Premature Ejaculation: A Chart Review,” Primary Care and Companion CNS Disorders (2014) 16:4.

 

Symonds, T. et al. “How Does Premature Ejaculation Impact a Man’s Life?” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2003) 29:361.

 

Ventus, D. et al. “No Evidence for Long-Term Causal Associations Between Symptoms of Premature Ejaculation and Symptoms of Anxiety, Depression, and Sexual Distress in a Large Population-Based Longitudinal Sample,” Journal of Sex Research (2017) 54: 264.

 

Ventus, D. and Jern, P. “Lifestyle Factors and Premature Ejaculation: Are Physical Exercise, Alcohol Consumption, and Body Mass Index Associated with Premature Ejaculation and Comorbid Erectile Problems?” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2016) 13:1482.

 

How women feel about PE

Burri, A. et al. “Female Partner’s Perception of Premature Ejaculation and It’s Impact on Relationship Breakups, Relationship Quality, and Sexual Satisfaction,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2014) 11:2243.

Byers, E.S. and G. Grenier. “Premature or Rapid Ejaculation: Heterosexual Couples’ Perceptions of Men’s Ejaculatory Behavior,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2003) 32:261.

Graziottin, A. and S. Althof. “What Does Premature Ejaculation Mean to the Man, the Woman, and the Couple?” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2011) 8(Suppl. 4):304.

Kaya, C. et al. “Is Sexual Function in Female Partners of Men with Premature Ejaculation Compromised?” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2015) 41:379.

Kempeneers, P et al. “Functional and Psychological Characteristics of Belgian Men with Premature Ejaculation and Their Partners,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2013) 42:51.

 

Limoncin, E. et al. “Premature Ejaculation Results in Female Sexual Distress: Standardization and Validation of a New Diagnostic Tool for Sexual Distress,” Journal of Urology (2012) epub ahead of print.

Maseroli, E. et al. “Which Are the Male Factors Associated with Female Sexual Dysfunction?” Andrology (2016) 4:911.

Rowland, D.L. et al. “Premature Ejaculation: Impact on the Female Partner,” Presented at the World Congress of Sexology, 2005.

The sex therapy program for learning ejaculatory control

Althof, S.E. “Psychosexual Therapy for Premature Ejaculation,” Translational Andrology and Urology (2016) 5:475.

Althof, S.E. et al. “International Society for Sexual Medicine’s Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Premature Ejaculation,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7:2947.

Barnes, T. and I. Eardley. “Premature Ejaculation: The Scope of the Problem,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2007) 33:151.

Birch. R.W. A Short Book About Lasting Longer. PEC Publishing, 2007.

Chen, C.Q. et al. “Effect of Interventions for Premature Ejaculation in the Treatment of Chronic Prostatitis with Secondary Premature Ejaculation,” Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke (2016) 38:393.

Chen, G.H. et al. “A Clinical Study on Psycho-Behavioral Therapy for Premature Ejaculation,” Zonghua Nan Ke Xua (Chinese journal) (2009) 15:929.

Cooper, K. et al. “Behavioral Therapies for Management of Premature Ejaculation: A Systematic Review,” Sexual Medicine (2015) 3:174.

DeCarufel, F. and G. Trudel. “Effects of a New Functional Sexological Treatment for Premature Ejaculation,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2006) 32:97.

Grenier, G. and E.S. Byers, “Operationalizing Premature or Rapid Ejaculation,” Journal of Sex Research (2001) 38:369.

Heiman, J.R.. “Sexual Dysfunction: Overview of Prevalence, Etiological Factors, and Treatments,” Journal of Sex Research (2002) 39:73.

Jern, P. “Evaluation of a Behavioral Treatment Intervention for Premature Ejaculation Using a Hand-Held Stimulating Device,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2014) 40:358.

Kaplan, H.S. PE: How to Overcome Premature Ejaculation. Brunner/Mazel, NY, 1989.

Kaplan, H.S. The New Sex Therapy. Brunner Mazel/New York Times, 1974.

Kilinc, M.F. et al. “Impact of Physical Activity on Patient Self-Reported Outcomes of Lifelong Premature Ejaculation Patients: Results of a Prospective, Randomize, Sham-Controlled Trial,” Andrologia (2017) epub ahead of print.

Kuritzky, L. et al. “Premature Ejaculation: Management in Primary Care,” Patient Care, 1-2005, p. 49.

LaPera, G. and A. Nicastro. “A New Treatment for Premature Ejaculation: The Rehabilitation of the Pelvic Floor,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (1996) 22:22.

Li, P. et al. “Interventional Effect of Behavior Psychotherapy on Patients with Premature Ejaculation,” Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue (Chinese journal) (2006) 12:717.

Lujan, S. et al. “Are Urology Residents Ready to Treat Premature Ejaculation After Their Training?” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2012) 9:404.

Masters, W. and V. Johnson. Human Sexual Inadequacy. Little Brown & Co. 1970.

Mathers, M.J. et al. “Premature Ejaculation in Urological Routine Practice,” Aktuelle Urology (German journal) (2013) 44:33.

Majzoub, A. et al. “Premature Ejaculation in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients: Association with Glycemic Control,” Translational Andrology and Urology (2016) 5:248.

McCabe, MP. “Evaluation of a Cognitive Behavior Therapy Program for People with Sexual Dysfunction,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2001) 27:259.

 

Metz, M. and B. McCarthy. Coping With Premature Ejaculation. New Harbinger Publications, 2003.

Metz, M.E. and J.L. Pryor. “Premature Ejaculation: A Psychophysiological Approach for Assessment and Management,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2000) 26:293.

Pastore, A.L. et al. “Pelvic Floor Muscle Rehabilitation for Patients with Lifelong Premature Ejaculation: A Novel Therapeutic Approach,” Therapeutic Advances in Urology (2014) 6:83.

Payne, R.E. and R. Sadovsky. “Identifying and Treating Premature Ejaculation: Importance of the Sexual History,” Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine (2007) 74:S47.

Porst, H. et al. “The Premature Ejaculation Prevalence and Attitudes (PEPA) Survey: Prevalence, Comorbidities, and Professional Help-Seeking,” European Urology (2007) 51:816.

Rowland, D.L. et al. “Practical Tips for Sex Counseling and Psychotherapy in Premature Ejaculation,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2011) 8(Suppl 4):342-52.

 

Rowland, D.L. et al. “The Psychosocial Impact of Premature Ejaculation on Men,” Presented at the World Congress of Sexology, 2005.

Rowland, D. et al. “Self-Reported Premature Ejaculation and Aspects of Sexual Functioning and Satisfaction,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2004) 1:225.

Sarwer, DB and JA Durlak. “A Field Trial of the Effectiveness of Behavioral Treatment for Sexual Dysfunctions,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (1997) 23:87.

 

Seagraves, R.T. “Rapid Ejaculation: A Review of Nosology, Prevalence, and Treatment,” International Journal of Impotence Research (2006) 18(Suppl 1):S24.

 

Serefoglu E.C. and T.R. Saitz. “New Insights on Premature Ejaculation: A Review of Definition, Classification Prevalence, and Treatment,” Asian Journal of Andrology (2012) 14:822.

Shindel, A. et al. “Urologist Practice Patterns in the Management of Premature Ejaculation: A Nationwide Survey,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2008) 5:199.

Silverberg, S. Lasting Longer: The Treatment Program for Premature Ejaculation. Physicians Medical Press, 1978, 2010.

Simons, J.S. and M.P. Carey. “Prevalence of Sexual Dysfunctions: Results from a Decade of Research,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2001) 30:177.

Strassberg, D.S. et al. “The Role of Anxiety in Premature Ejaculation: A Psychophysiolgical Model,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1990) 19:251.

Symonds, T. et al. “How Does Premature Ejaculation Impact a Man’s Life?” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2003) 29: 361.

Tang, W.S. and E.M. Khoo. “Prevalence and Correlates of Premature Ejaculation in a Primary Care Setting: A Preliminary Cross-Sectional Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2011) 8:2071.

Ventus, D. and P. Jern. “Lifestyle Factors and Premature Ejaculation: Are Physical Exercise, Alcohol Consumption, and Body Mass Index Associated with Premature Ejaculation and Comorbid Erectile Problems?” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2016) 13:1482.

Waldinger, M.D. et al. “Proposal for a Definition of Lifelong Premature Ejaculation Based on Epidemiological Stopwatch Data,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2005) 2:498.

Waldinger M.D. et al. “A Multinational Population Survey of Intra-Vaginal Ejaculation Latency Time,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2005). 2: 492.

Xia, Y. et al. “Relationship Between Premature Ejaculation and Depression: A PRISMA-Complaint Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,” Medicine (Baltimore) (2016) 95:e4620.

Antidepressants to treat PE

Castiglione, F. et al. “Current Pharmacological Management of Premature Ejaculation: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,” European Urology (2016) 69:904.

Cormio, L. et al. “The Combination of Dapoxitine and Behavioral Treatment Provides Better Results than Dapoxitine Alone in the Management of Pati9ents with Lifelong Premature Ejaculation,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:1609.

Koyuncu, H. et al. “Deleterious Effects of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor Treatment on Semen Parameters in Patients with Lifelong Premature Ejaculation,” International Journal of Impotence Research (2012) 24:171.

McMahon, C.G. et al. “Efficacy and Safety of Dapoxetine for the Treatment of Premature Ejaculation: Integrated Analysis of Results from Five Phase 3 Trials,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2011) 8:524.

McMahon, C.G. and H. Porst. “Oral Agents for the Treatment of Premature Ejaculation: Review of Efficacy and Safety in the Context of Recent International Society for Sexual Medicine Criteria for Lifelong Premature Ejaculation,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2011) 8:2707.

McMahon, C.G. and K. Trouma. “Treatment of Premature Ejaculation with Paroxetine (Paxil) as Needed: Two Single-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Crossover Studies,” Journal of Urology (1999) 161:1826.

Mercado, M.G. et al. “What’s the Best Drug Treatment for Premature Ejaculation?” Journal of Family Practice (2008) 57:192.

Mantovani, F. “Pharmacological/Dynamic Rehabilitative Behavioral Therapy for Premature Ejaculation: Result of a Pilot Study,” Archives of Italian Urology and Andrology (2017) 89:148.

Park H.J. et al. “Discontinuation of Dapoxetine Treatment With Premature Ejaculation: A 2-Year Prospective Observational Study,” Sexual Medicine (2017) 5:e99.

 

Pavone, C. et al. “Premature Ejaculation: Pharmacotherapy Vs. Group Psychotherapy Alone or in Combination,” Archives of Italian Urology and Andrology (2017) 89:114.

 

Porst, H. “An Overview of Pharmacotherapy in Premature Ejaculation,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2011) 8(Suppl 4):335.

Pryor, J.L. et al. “Efficacy and Tolerability of Dapoxetine in Treatment of Premature Ejaculation: An Integrated Analysis of Two Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trials,” Lancet (2006) 368:929.

Waldinger M.D., et al. “Premature Ejaculation and Serotonergic Anti-Depressants-Induced Delayed Ejaculation: The Involvement of the Serotenergic System,” Behavioral Brain Research (1998) 92:111.

Yilmaz, U. et al. “Effects of Fluoxetine (Prozac) on Several Neurophysiological Variables in Patients with Premature Ejaculation,” Journal of Urology (1999) 161:107.

 

Yue, F.G. et al. “Efficacy of Dapoxetine for the Treatment of Premature Ejaculation: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials on Intravaginal Ejaculatory Latency Time, Patient-Reported Outcomes, and Adverse Events,” Urology (2015) 875:856.

 

Erection medications to treat PE

Abu El-Hamd, M. and A. Abdelhamed. “Comparison of the Clinical Efficacy and Safety of the On-Demand Use of Paroxetine, Dapoxetine, Sildenafil and Combined Dapoxetine with Sildenafil in Treatment of Patients with Premature Ejaculation: A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trail,” Adrologia (20-17) epub ahead of print.

 

Bai, Y. et al. “Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors Plus Phosphodiesterase-5 Inhibitors for Premature Ejaculation: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,” Urology (2015) 86:758.

 

Martyn-St. James, M. et al. “Phosphodiesterase Type 5 Inhibitors for Premature Ejaculation: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,” European Urology Focus (2017) 3:119.

 

Ozcan, L. et al. “Effects of Tadalafil 5 mg Dosed Once Daily in Men with Premature Ejaculation,” Urology International (2017) 98:210.

 

Sun, Y. Efficacy of Phosphodiesterase-5 Inhibitor in Men with Premature Ejaculation: A New Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,” Urology (2015) 86:947.

 

Verze, P. et al. “Comparison of Treatment Emergent Adverse Events in Men with Premature Ejaculation Treated with Dapoxetine and Alternate Oral Treatments: Results from a Large Multinational Observational Trial,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2016) 13:194.

 

Anesthetics to treat PE

Berkovitch, M. et al. “Efficacy of Prilocaine-Lidocaine Cream in the Treatment of Premature Ejaculation,” Journal of Urology (1995) 154:1360.

Mark, K.P. and I. Kerner. “Event-Level Impact of Promescent on Quality of Sexual Experience in Men with Subjective Premature Ejaculation,” International Journal of Impotence Research (2016) 28:216.

Martyn-St. James et al. “Topical Anesthetics for Premature Ejaculation: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,” Sexual Health (2016) 13:114.

Paick, J.S. et al. “Penile Sensitivity in Men with Premature Ejaculation,” International Journal of Impotence Research (1998) 10:247.

Pu, C. et al. “Topical Anesthetic Agents for Premature Ejaculation: A Systematic Review and Met-Analysis,” Urology (2013) 81:799.

Wyllie, M.G. and J.A. Powell. “The Role of Local Anesthetics in Premature Ejaculation,” BJU International (formerly British Journal of Urology) (2012) epub ahead of print.

Other PE treatments

Cai, T. et al. “Rhodiola Rosea, Folic Acid, Zinc, and Biotin (EndEP) Is Able to Improve Ejaculatory Control in Patients Affected by Lifelong Premature Ejaculation: Results from a Phase 1-II Study,” Experimental Therapies in Medicine (201t6) 12:2083.

Cooper, K. et al. “Complementary and Alternative Medicine for Management of Premature Ejaculation: A Systematic Review,” Sexual Medicine (2017) 5:e1.

Sahin, S. et al. “A Prospective Randomized Controlled Study to Compare Acupuncture and Dapoxetine for the Treatment of Premature Ejaculation,” Urology International (2016) 97:104.

Sansalone, S. et al. “A Combination of Tryptophan, Satureja Montana, Tribulus Terrestis, Phyllanthus Emblica Extracts Is Able to Improve Sexual Quality of Life in Patients with Premature Ejaculation,” Archives of Italian Urology and Andrology (2016) 88:171.

Sunay, D. et al. “Acupuncture vs. Paroxetine for the Treatment of Premature Ejaculation: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial,” European Urology (2011) 59:765.

PE in women?

Caravalho, S. et al. “Female Premature Ejaculation: Does This Exist?” Sexologies (2011) 20:215.

 

  1. O/E Problems

Prevalence of O/E problems

Laumann, E.O. et al. “Sexual Dysfunction in the United States: Prevalence and Predictors,” Journal of the American Medical Association (1999) 281:537.

Laumann, E.O. et al. “Sexual Dysfunction Among Older Adults: Prevalence and Risk Factors from a Nationally Representative U.S. Probability Sample of Men and Women 57-85 Years of Age,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2008) 5:2300.

Faking orgasm

Fahs, B. “Coming to Power: Women’s Fake Orgasms and Best Orgasm Experiences Illuminate the Failure of (Hetero)sex and the Pleasures of Connection,” Culture, Health and Sexuality (2014) 16:974.

 

Jern, P. et al. “A Longitudinal Assessment of Associations Between Women’s Tendency to Pretend Orgasm, Orgasm Function, and Intercourse-related Pain in Different Partner Relationship Constellations,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2018) 47:671.

 

McCoy, M.G. et al. “Development and Initial Psychometric Assessment of the Reasons for Pretending Orgasm Inventory,” Evolutionary Psychology (2015) 3:129.

 

Muehlenhard, C.L and S.K. Shippee. “Men’s and Women’s Reports of Pretending Orgasm,” Journal of Sex Research (2010) 47:552.

 

Importance of men’s O/E to women

Burri, A. et al. “The Importance of Male Ejaculation to Female Sexual Satisfaction and Function,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2918) 15:1600.

 

How to resolve O/E problems

Apfelbaum, B. “Retarded Ejaculation: A Much Misunderstood Syndrome,” in Principles and Practice of Sex Therapy, 3rd ed. Sandra R. Leiblum and Raymond C. Rosen, eds. Guildford Press, NY, 2000.

Aschka, C. et al. “Sexual Problems of Male Patients in Family Practice,” Journal of Family Practice (2001) 50:773.

Barbach, L. For Yourself: The Fulfillment of Female Sexuality (revised edition). Berkley, NY, 2000.

Chen, J. “The Pathophysiology of Delayed Ejaculation,” Translational Andrology and Urology (2016) 5:549.

DiSante, S. et al. “Epidemiology of Delayed Ejaculation,” Translational Andrology and Urology (2016) 5:541.

Dunn, K.M. et al. “Systematic Review of Sexual Problems: Epidemiology and Methodology,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2002) 28:399.

Gacci, M. et al. “Impact of Medical Treatments for Male Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms Due to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia on Ejaculatory Function: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2014) 11:154.

 

Giuliano, F. and P. Clement. “Neuroanatomy and Physiology of Ejaculation,” Annual Review of Sex Research (2005) 16:190.

 

Heiman, J.R. “Sexual Dysfunction: Overview of Prevalence, Etiological Factors, and Treatments,” Journal of Sex Research (2002) 39:73.

Haeberle, E.J. Human Sexuality: An Encyclopedia (revised edition). Garland Publishing, NY, 2006.

Heiman, J.R. and J. LoPiccolo. Becoming Orgasmic: A Sexual and Personal Growth Program for Women. Fireside, NY, 1987.

Jenkins, L.C. and J.P. Mulhall. “Delayed Orgasm and Anorgasmia,” Fertility and Sterility (2015) 104:1082.

Laumann, E.O. “Sexual Dysfunction in the United States,” Journal of the American Medical Association (1999) 281:537.

McCabe, M.P. “Evaluation of a Cognitive Behavior Therapy Program for People with Sexual Dysfunction,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2001) 27:259.

McCarthy, B. and E. McCarthy. Male Sexual Awareness. Da Capo Press, Cambridge, MA, 1998.

McMahon, C.G. “Management of Ejaculatory Dysfunction,” Internal Medicine Journal (2014) 44:124.

McMahon, C.G. et al. “Standard Operating Procedures in the Disorders of Orgasm and Ejaculation,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2013) 10:204.

McMahon, C.G. et al. “Disorders of Orgasm and Ejaculation in Men,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2004) 1:58.

Perelman, M.A. “Psychosexual Therapy for Delayed Ejaculation Based on the Sexual Tipping Point Model,” Translational Andrology and Urology (2016) 5:563.

Perelman, MA. “Retarded Ejaculation,” in Current Sexual Health Reports, Current Science, Inc. 2004.

Shin, D.H. and A. Spitz. “The Evaluation and Treatment of Delayed Ejaculation,” Sexual Medicine Review (2014) 2:121.

Simons, J.S. and M.P. Carey. “Prevalence of Sexual Dysfunctions: Results from a Decade of Research,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2001) 30:177.

 

 

  1. Erectile Dysfunction

Prevalence of erection problems

Blanker, M.H. et al. “Erectile and Ejaculatory Dysfunction in a Community-Based Sample of Men 50 to 78 Years Old: Prevalence, Concern, and Relation to Sexual Activity,” Urology (2001) 57:763.

 

Corona, G. et al. “Age-Related Changes in General and Sexual Health in Middle-Aged and Older Men: Results from the European Male Aging Study (EMAS),” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7:1362.

 

Johannes, C.B. et al. “Incidence of Erectile Dysfunction in Men 40 to 69 Years Old: Longitudinal Results from the Massachusetts Male Aging Study,” Journal of Urology (2000) 163:460.

 

Laumann, E.O. et al. “Sexual Dysfunction in the United States: Prevalence and Predictors,” Journal of the American Medical Association (1999) 281:537.

 

Laumann, E.O. et al. “Sexual Dysfunction Among Older Adults: Prevalence and Risk Factors from a Nationally Representative U.S. Probability Sample of Men and Women 57-85 Years of Age,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2008) 5:2300.

Martin, S. et al. “Clinical and Biopsychosocial Determinants of Sexual Dysfunction in Middle-Aged and Older Australian Men,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2012) 9:2093.

Martin, S.A. et al. “The Florey Adelaide Male Ageing Study (FAMAS): Design, Procedures and Participants,” BMC Public Health (2007) 7:126.

Pinnock, C.B. et al. “Erectile Dysfunction in the Community: A Prevalence Study,” Medical Journal of Australia (1999) 171:342.

 

Erections explained

Burnett, A.L. “Erectile Dysfunction: Science and Medicine,” Annual Review of Sex Research (2006) 17:101

 

Giuliano, F. “Neurophysiology of Erection and Ejaculation,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2011) 8(Suppl 4):310.

 

Risk factors for erection problems

Aschka, C et al. “Sexual Problems of Male Patients in Family Practice,” Journal of Family Practice (2001) 50:773.

Bacon, C.G. et al. “A Prospective Study on the Risk Factors for Erectile Dysfunction,” Journal of Urology (2006) 176:217.

Barassi, A. et al. “Vitamin D and Erectile Dysfunction,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2014) 11:2792.

 

Baumgartner, M.K. et al. “Patients’ Knowledge About Risk Factors for Erectile Dysfunction is Poor,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2008) 5:2399.

 

Biebel, M.G. et al. “Male Sexual Function and Smoking,” Sexual Medicine Review (2016) 4:366.

 

Boeri, L. “Unrecognized Pre-diabetes is Highly Prevalent in Men With Erectile Dysfunction—Results from the Cross-Sectional Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2018) 15:1117.

 

Bortolotti, A. et al. “The Epidemiology of Erectile Dysfunction and Its Risk Factors,” International Journal of Andrology (1997) 20:323.

 

Budweiser, S. et al. “Sleep apnea is an Independent Correlate of Erectile and Sexual Dysfunction,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2009) 6:3147.

Cao. S. et al. “Association of Quantity and Duration of Smoking with Erectile Dysfunction: A Dose-Response Meta-Analysis,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2014) 11:2376.

 

Caretta, N. et al. “Hypovitaminosis D Is Associated with Erectile Dysfunction in Type 2 Diabetes,” Endocrine (2016) 53:831.

 

Chung, W.S.et al. “Is Obesity an Underlying Factor in Erectile Dysfunction?” European Urology (1999) 36:68.

 

Corona, G. et al. “Sexual Dysfunction in Subjects Treated with Inhibitors of 5-Alpha-Reductase for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: A Comprehensive Review and Meta-Analysis,” Andrology (2017) 5:671.

 

Corona, G. et al. “Interplay Between Premature Ejaculation and Erectile Dysfunction: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:2291.

 

Derby, CA et al. “Modifiable Risk Factors and Erectile Dysfunction: Can Lifestyle Changes Modify Risk?” Urology (2000) 56:302.

DiFrancesco, S. and R.L. Teneglia. “Mediterranean Diet and Erectile Dysfunction: A Current Perspective,” Central European Journal of Urology (2017) 70:185.

Dunn, K.M. et al. “Systematic Review of Sexual Problems: Epidemiology and Methodology,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2002) 28:399.

Esposito, K. et al. “Effect of Lifestyle Changes on Erectile Dysfunction in Obese Men: A Randomized Controlled Trial,” Journal of the American Medical Association (2004) 291:2978.

Farag, Y.M. et al. “Vitamin D Deficiency is Independently Associated with Greater Prevalence of Erectile Dysfunction: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2001-2004,” Atherosclerosis (2016) 252:61.

 

Francis, M.E. et al. “The Contribution of Common Medical Conditions and Drug Exposures to Erectile Dysfunction in Adult Males,” Journal of Urology (2007) 178:591.

 

Gacci, M. et al. “Critical Analysis of the Relationship Between Sexual Dysfunctions and Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms Due to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia,” European Urology (2011) 60:809.

 

Hanak, V. et al. “Snoring as a Risk Factor for Sexual Dysfunction in Community Men,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2008) 5:898.

 

Heiman, JR. “Sexual Dysfunction: Overview of Prevalence, Etiological Factors, and Treatments,” Journal of Sex Research (2002) 39:73.

Hoyos, C.M. et al. “To ED Or Not To ED: Is Erectile Dysfunction in Obstructive Sleep Apnea Related to Endothelial Dysfunction?” Sleep Medicine Review (2015) 20:5.

Irwig, M.S. and S. Kolukula. “Persistent Sexual Side Effects of Finasteride for Mal Pattern Hair Loss,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2011) 8:1747.

Kalejaiye, O. et al. “Sleep Disorders in Patients with Erectile Dysfunction,” BJU International (2017) epub ahead of print.

Kardasevic, A. and S. Millcevic. “Correlation of Subjective Symptoms in Patients with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia and Erectile Dysfunction,” Medical Archives (2017) 71:32.

 

Kardasevic, A. and S. Millcevic. “Correlation Between Prostate Volume in Patients with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia in Relation to Erectile Dysfunction,” Medical Archives (2016) 70:449.

 

Kim, SC. “Hyperlipidemia and Erectile Dysfunction,” Asian Journal of Andrology (2000) 2:161.

Laumann, EO. “Sexual Dysfunction in the United States,” Journal of the American Medical Association (1999) 281:537.

Lee, J.H. and S.W. Lee. “Impact of Prostate Volume on Erectile Dysfunction and Premature Ejaculation,” Aging Male (2016) 19:106.

 

Liu, L. et al. “Effect of 5-Alpha-Reductase Inhibitors on Sexual Function: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2016) 13:1297.

 

Liu, Q. et al. “Erectile Dysfunction and Depression: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2018) 15:1073.

 

Mirone, V. et al. “Current Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Treatment: Impact on Sexual Function and Management of Related Sexual Adverse Events,” International Journal of Clinical Practice (2011) 65:1005.

 

Nikoobakht, M. et al. “The Relationship Between Lipid Profile and Erectile Dysfunction,” International Journal of Impotence Research (2005) 17:523.

Oguz, F. et al. “Is There a Relationship Between Chronic Periodontitis and Erectile Dysfunction?” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2013) 10:838.

 

Rao, K. et al. “Correlation Between Abnormal Serum Lipid and Erectile Dysfunction,” Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue [Chinese journal] (2005) 11:112.

Rasmussen, J.J. et al. “Former Abusers of Anabolic Androgenic Steroids Exhibit Decreased Testosterone Levels and Hypogonadal Symptoms Years After Cessation: A Case-Control Study,” PLoS One (2016) 11:e0161208.

 

Rosen, R.C. et al. “Sexual Dysfunction and Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) Associated with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia,” European Urology (2005) 47:824.

 

Rosen, R.C. et al. “Association of Sexual Dysfunction with Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms of BPH and BPH Medical Therapies: Results from the BPH Registry,” Urology (2009) 73:562.

 

Rosen, R.C. “Update on the Relationship Between Sexual Dysfunction and Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia,” Current Opinion in Urology (2006) 16:11.

 

Simons, JS and MP Carey. “Prevalence of Sexual Dysfunctions: Results from a Decade of Research,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2001) 30:177.

Singh, V. et al. “Oral Health and Erectile Dysfunction,” Journal of Human Reproductive Science (2017) 10:162.

 

Steinke, E. et al. “Determinants of Sexual Dysfunction and Interventions for Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Systematic Review,” International Journal of Clinical Practice (2016) 70:5.

Strand, J. et al. “Erectile Dysfunction and Depression: Category or Dimension?” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2002) 28:175.

Symanski, F.M. et al. “The High Risk of Obstructive Sleep Apnea, an Independent Risk Factor for Erectile Dysfunction in ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Patients,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2011) 8:1434.

Thompson, I.M. et al. “Erectile Dysfunction and Subsequent Cardiovascular Disease,” Journal of the American Medical Association (2005) 294:2996.

Verze, P. et al. “The Link Between Cigarette Smoking and Erectile Dysfunction: A Systematic Review,” European Urology Focus (2015) 1:39.

Wang. X. et al. “High Prevalence of Erectile Dysfunction in Diabetic Men with Depressive Symptoms: A Meta-Analysis,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2018) 15:935.

Wei, M et al. “Total Cholesterol and HDL Cholesterol as Important Predictors of Erectile Dysfunction,” American Journal of Epidemiology (1994) 140:930.

 

Zadik, Y. et al. “Erectile Dysfunction Might Be Associated with Chronic Periodontal Disease: Two Ends of the Cardiovascular Spectrum,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2009) 6:1111.

 

Zhou, X. “Updated Evidence of Association Between Periodontal Disease and Incident Erectile Dysfunction,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2019) 16:61.

 

Zuo, Z. et al. “Effect of Periodontitis on Erectile Function and Its Possible Mechanism,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2011) 8:2598.

 

Healthy lifestyle helps preserves erection function

Bacon, C.G et al. “Sexual Function in Men Older Than 50: Results from the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study,” Annals of Internal Medicine (2003) 139:161.

Biebel, M.G. et al. “Male Sexual Function and Smoking,” Sexual Medicine Review (2016) 4:366.

Budweiser, S. et al. “Long-Term Changes of Sexual Function in Men with Obstructive Sleep Apnea After Initiation of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2013) 10:524.

 

Cassidy, A. et al. “Dietary Flavonoid Intake and Incidence of Erectile Dysfunction,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2016) 103:534.

Chan, S.S. et al. “Smoking-Cessation and Adherence Intervention Among Chinese Patients with Erectile Dysfunction,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine (2010) 39:251.

DellaCamera, P.A. et al. “Sexual Health, Adherence to Mediterranean Diet, Body Weight, Physical Activity and Mental State: Factors Correlated to Each Other,” Urologia (2017) epub ahead of print.

DeLay, K.J. et al. “Modifying Risk Factors in the Management of Erectile Dysfunction,” A Review,” World Journal of Men’s Health (2016) 34:89.

DiFrancesco, S. and R.L. Teneglia. “Mediterranean Diet and Erectile Dysfunction: A Current Perspective,” Central European Journal of Urology (2017) 70:185.

Esposito, K. et al. “Effects of Intensive Lifestyle Changes on Erectile Dysfunction in Men,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2009) 6:243.

Esposito, K. et al. “Dietary Factors, Mediterranean Diet, and Erectile Dysfunction,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7:2338.

Esposito, K. et al. “Effect of Lifestyle Changes on Erectile Dysfunction in Obese Men,” Journal of the American Medical Association (2004) 291:2978.

Giugliano, F. et al. “Adherence to Mediterranean Diet and Erectile Dysfunction in Men with Type-2 Diabetes,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7:1911.

Hehemann, M.C. and J.A. Kashanian. “Can Lifestyle Modification Affect Men’s Erectile Function?” Translational Andrology and Urology (2016) 5:187.

Harte, C.B. and C.M. Meston. “Association Between Smoking Cessation and Sexual Health in Men,” BJU International (2012) 109:888.

Khoo, J. et al. “Comparing Effects of Low- and High-Volume Moderate-Intensity Exercise on Sexual Function and Testosterone in Obese Men,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2013) 10:1823.

Khoo, J. et al. “Comparing the Effects of Meal Replacements with Reduced-Fat Diet on Weight, Sexual and Endothelial Function, Testosterone, and Quality of Life in Obese Asian Men,” International Journal of Impotence Research (2014) 26:61.

 

Martin, C.K. et al. “Effect of Calorie Restriction on Mood, Quality of Life, Sleep, and Sexual Function in Healthy Non-Obese Adults: The CALERIE 2 Randomized Clinical Trial,” JAMA Internal Medicine (2016) 176:743.

 

Meldrum, D.R. et al. “Lifestyle and Metabolic Approaches to Maximizing Erectile and Vascular Health,” International Journal of Impotence Research (2012) 24:61.

 

Mora, M. et al. “Weight Loss Is a Major Contributor to Improved Sexual Function After Bariatric Surgery,” Surgery and Endoscopy (2013) 27:3197.

 

Petersen, M. et al. “Long-Term Effects of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Treatment on Sexuality in Female Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea,” Sexual Medicine (2013) 1:62.

 

Petersen, M. et al. “Sexual Function in Male Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea After 1 Year of CPAP Treatment,” Clinical Respiratory Journal (2013) 7:214.

 

Safavy, S. et al. “Effect of a Smoking Cessation Program on Sexual Function Recovery Following Robotic Prostatectomy at Kaiser Permanente, Southern California,” Permanente Journal (2017) epub ahead of print.

 

Wang, F. et al. “Erectile Dysfunction and Fruit/Vegetable Consumption Among Canadian Diabetic Men,” Urology (2013) 82:1330.

 

White, JR. et al. “Enhanced Sexual Behavior in Exercising Men,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1990) 19:193.

Zhang, X.B. et al. “Erectile Dysfunction and Sexual Hormone Levels in Men with Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Efficacy of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2016) 45:235.

 

Cycling on the wrong seat can cause erection trouble

Andersen, K.V. and G. Bovim. “Impotence and Nerve Entrapment in Long-Distance Cyclists,” Acta Neurologica Scandinavia (1997) 95:233.

Blakeslee, S. “Serious Riders, Your Bicycle Seat May Affect Your Love Life,” New York Times, Oct. 4, 2005.

Goldstein, I. “Erectile Dysfunction and Bicycling,” Focus on Sexual Health Medicine, Winter-Spring 2002.

Marceau, L et al. “Does Bicycling Contribute to Risk of Erectile Dysfunction? Results from the Massachusetts Male Aging Study,” International Journal of Impotence Research (2001) 13:298.

Munarriz, R. et al. “Only the Nose Knows: Penile Hemodynamic Study of the Perineum-Saddle Interface in Men with Erectile Dysfunction Utilizing Bicycle Saddles and Seats With and Without Nose Extensions,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2005) 2:612.

Randrup, E. and N. Baum. “Bicycle Riding as a Cause of Erectile Dysfunction,” Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality, Nov. 2000, p. 23.

Schrader, S.M. et al. “Cutting Off the Nose to Save the Penis,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2008) 5:1932.

Solomon, S. and K.G. Cappa. “Impotence and Bicycling: A Seldom-Reported Connection,” Postgraduate Medicine (1987) 81:99.

Sommer, F. et al. “Bicycle Riding and Erectile Dysfunction: A Review,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7:2346.

Taylor, K.S. et al. “Using an Experimental Bicycle Seat to Reduce Perineal Numbness,” Physician and Sportsmedicine (2002) 30:27.

Erection problems throughout the lifespan

Carbone, D.J. et al. “Erectile Dysfunction: Diagnosis and Treatment in Older Burnett, A.L. “Erectile Dysfunction: Science and Medicine,” Annual Review of Sex Research (2006) 17:101.

Ludwig, W. and M. Phillip. “Organic Causes of Erectile Dysfunction in Men Under 40,” Urology International (2014) 92:1.

 

Moore, T.M. et al. “Erectile Dysfunction in Early, Middle, and Late Adulthood: Symptoms Patterns and Psychosocial Correlates,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2003) 29:381.

 

Nguyen, H.M.T. et al. “Erectile Dysfunction in Young Men: A Review of Prevalence and Risk Factors,” Sexual Medicine Review (2017) epub ahead of print.

 

Rastrelli, G. and M. Maggi. “Erectile Dysfunction in Fit, Healthy Young Men: Psychological or Pathological?” Translational Andrology and Urology (2017) 6:79.

 

VanLankveld, J.J.D.M. and M.A. Van Den Hout. “Increasing Neutral Distraction Inhibits Genital But Not Subjective Sexual Arousal of Sexually Functional and Dysfunctional Men,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2004) 33:549.

 

Age demographics of male U.S. porn consumers

https://www.pornhub.com/insights/2018-year-in-review

 

Testosterone supplementation

Afiadata, A and P. Ellsworth. “Testosterone Replacement Therapy: Who to Evaluate, What to Use, How to Follow, and Who Is At Risk?” Hospital Practice (1995) 42:69.

 

Basaria, S. et al. “Effects of Testosterone Administration for 3 Years on Subclinical Atherosclerosis Progression in Older Men with Low or Low-Normal Testosterone Levels: A Randomized Clinical Trial,” Journal of the American Medical Association (2015) 314:570.

 

Corona, G. et al. “Testosterone Supplementation and Sexual Function: A Meta-Analysis Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2014) 11:1577.

 

Corona, G. and M. Maggi. “The Role of Testosterone in Erectile Dysfunction,” Nature Reviews: Urology (2010) 7:46.

 

Guay, A.T. “Testosterone and Erectile Physiology,” Aging Male (2006) 9:201.

 

Jain, P. et al. “Testosterone Supplementation for Erectile Dysfunction: Results of a Meta-Analysis,” Journal of Urology (2000) 164:371.

 

Kohler. T.S. et al. “Prevalence of Androgen Deficiency in Men with Erectile Dysfunction,” Urology (2008) 71:693.

 

McBride, J.A. et al. “Diagnosis and Management of Testosterone Deficiency,” Asian Journal of Andrology (2015) 17:177.

 

Shabsigh, R. “Testosterone Therapy and Erectile Dysfunction,” Aging Male (2004) 7:312.

 

Snyder, P.J. et al. “Effects of Testosterone Treatment in Older Men,” New England Journal of Medicine (2016) 374:611.

 

Erection drugs can be taken on a full or empty stomach

Zinner, N. “DO Food and Dose Timing Affect the Efficacy of Sildenafil? A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2007) 4:137.

 

Erection drugs may be fatal in men taking nitrate medication

Ishikura, F et al. “Effects of Sildenafil Citrate (Viagra) Combined with Nitrate on the Heart,” Circulation (2000) 102:2516.

Mika, M. “Some Men Who Take Viagra Die: Why?” Journal of the American Medical Association (2000) 283:590.

Sales of erection drugs

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/12/04/business/yourmoney/sales-of-impotence-drugs-fall-defying-expectations.html?mcubz=1&_r=0

https://globenewswire.com/news-release/2015/11/23/789503/0/en/Erectile-Dysfunction-Drugs-Market-Size-Will-Be-Worth-3-2-Billion-By-2022-Grand-View-Research-Inc.html

Berenson, A. “Sales of Drugs for Impotence Are Declining,” New York Times, Dec. 4, 2005.

Stout, H. “Viagra: The Thrill That Was,” New York Times, June 5, 2011.

More than 1,800 men have died while taking erection drugs

Lowe, G. and R.A. Costabile. “10-Year Analysis of Adverse Event Reports to the Food and Drug Administration for Phosphodiesterase Type-5 Inhibitors,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2011) 9:265.

 

Mika, M. “Some Men Who Take Viagra Die: Why?” Journal of the American Medical Association (2000) 283:590.

Surprisingly few older men have tried erection medication

May, M. et al. “Erectile Dysfunction, Discrepancy Between High Prevalence and Low Utilization of Treatment Options: Results from the Cottbus Survey,” British Journal of Urology International (2007) 100:1110.

Mulhall, J. et al. “Importance of and Satisfaction with Sex Among Men and Women Worldwide: Results of the Global Better Sex Survey,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2008) 5:788.

Studies suggesting that erection drug makers have exaggerated effectiveness

Althof, S.E. et al. “Self-Esteem, Confidence, and Relationships in Men Treated with Sildenafil Citrate for Erectile Dysfunction: Results of Two Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trials,” Journal of General Internal Medicine (2006) 21:1069.

Banner, L.L. and R.U. Anderson. “Integrated Sildenafil and Cognitive-Behavior Sex Therapy for Psychgenic Erectile Dysfunction: A Pilot Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2007) 4(4, Pt 2):1117.

Carrier, S. et al. “Treatment Satisfaction with Sildenafil in a Canadian Real-Life Setting. A 6-Month Prospective Observational Study of Primary Care Practices,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2007) 4:1414.

Chia, S.J. et al. “Clinical Application of Prognostic Factors for Patients with Organic Causes of Erectile Dysfunction on 100 mg of Sildenafil Citrate,” International Journal of Urology (2004) 11:1104.

DeBusk, R.F. et al. “Efficacy and Safety of Sildenafil Citrate in Men with Erectile Dysfunction and Stable Coronary Artery Disease,” American Journal of Cardiology (2004) 93:147.

Fonseca, V. et al. “Impact of Diabetes Mellitus on the Severity of Erectile Dysfunction and Response to Treatment: Analysis of Data from Tardenafil Clinical Trials,” Diabetologia (2004) 47:1914.

Kadioglu, A. et al. “Quality of Erections in Men Treated with Flexible-Dose Sildenafil for Erectile Dysfunction: Multicenter Trial with a Double-Blind Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Phase and an Open Label Phase,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2007) 5:726.

Lee, J. et al. “Physician-Rated Patient Preference and Patient- and Partner-Rated Preference for Tadalafil or Sildenafil Citrate: Results from the Canadian Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction Observational Study,” British Journal of Urology International (2006) 908:623.

Martin-Morales, A. et al. “Therapeutic Effectiveness and Patient Satisfaction After 6 Months of Treatment with Tadalafil, Sildenafil, and Vardenafil: Results from the Erectile Dysfunction Observational Study (EDOS),” European Urology (2007) 51:541.

Melnik T. and C.H. Abdo. “Psychogenic Erectile Dysfunction: Comparative Study of Three Therapeutic Approaches,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2005) 31:243.

Mirone, V. et al. “Flexible-Dose Vardenafil in a Community-Based Population of Men Affected by Erectile Dysfunction: A 12-Week Open-Label, Multicenter Trial,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2005) 2:842.

Ochiai, A. et al. “Efficacy of Sildenafil as the First-Step Therapy Tool for Japanese Patients with Erectile Dysfunction,” International Journal of Impotence Research (2005) 17:339.

Pickering T.G. et al. “Sildenafil Cirate for Erectile Dysfunction in Men Receiving Multiple Antihypertensive Agents: A Randomized Controlled Trial,” American Journal of Hypertension (2004) 17(12 Pt 1):1135.

Skoumal, R. et al. “Efficacy and Treatment Satisfaction with On-demand Tadalafil (Cialis) in Men with Erectile Dysfunction,” European Urology (2004) 46:362.

Studies showing higher rates of side effects than drug company figures

DeBusk, R.F. et al. “Efficacy and Safety of Sildenafil Citrate in Men with Erectile Dysfunction and Stable Coronary Artery Disease,” American Journal of Cardiology (2004) 93:147.

Lowe, G. and R.A. Costabile. “10-Year Analysis of Adverse Event Reports to the Food and Drug Administration for Phosphodiesterase Type-5 Inhibitors,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2011) 9:265.

 

Pickering, T.G. et al. “Sildenafil Cittrate for Erectile Dysfunction in Men Receiving Multiple Antihypertensive Agents: A Randomized Controlled Trial,” American Journal of Hypertension 17:1135.

Couples prefer Cialis over other erection drugs

Ahn, TY, et al. “Treatment Preferences in Men with Erectile Dysfunction: An Open Lavbel Study in Korean Men Switching from Sildenafil to Tadalafil,” Asian Journal of Andrology (2007) 9:760.

Brock, G. et al. “The Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction Study: Focus on Treatment Satisfaction of Patients and Partners,” BJU International (2007) 99:376.

Conaglen, H.M. and J.V. Conaglen. “Investigating Women’s Preference for Sildenafil or Tadalafil Use by their Partners with Erectile Dysfunction: The Partner’ Preference Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2008) 5:1198.

Dean, J. et al. “Psychosocial Outcomes and Drug Attributes Affecting Treatment Choice in Men Receiving Sildenafil and Tadalafil for Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction: Results of a Multicenter, Randomized, Open Label, Crossover Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2006) 3:650.

Dzelaludin, J and S. Bajramovic. “Evaluation of Therapeutic Responses of Patients with Erectile Dysfunction,” Medicinski Arhiv [Bosnian journal] (2009) 63:274.

Eardley, I. et al. “Factors Associated with Preference for Sildenafil and Tadalafil for Treating Erectile Dysfunction in Men Naïve to PDE-5 Inhibitor Therapy: Post Hoc Analysis of Data from a Multicenter, Randomized Open-Label, Crossover Study,” BJU International (2007) 100:122.

Eardley, I. et al. “An Open-Label, Multicenter, Randomized, Crossover Study Comparing Sildenafil and Tadalafil for Treating Erectile Dysfunction in Men Naïve to PDE-5 Inhibitor Therapy,” BJU International (2005) 96:1323.

Fusco, F. “Tadalafil Versus Sildenafil in the Treatment of ED: Italian Patients’ Preferences and Explanatory Notes,” Urologia (2008) 75:24.

Gong, B.S. “ED Patients and their Female Partners Prefer Tadalafil,” Zhonghua, Nan Ke Xue [Chinese journal] (2011) 17:571.

Hatzichristou, D. et al. “Patterns of Switching PDE-5 Inhibitors in the Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction: Results from the Erectile Dysfunction Observational Study,” International Journal of Clinical Practice (2007) 61:1850.

Lee, J. et al, “Physician-Rated Patient Preference and Patient- and Partner-Rated Preference for Tadalafil and Sildenafil: Results from the Canadian Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction Observational Study,” BJU International (2006) 98:623.

Melnik T. and C.H. Abdo. “Psychogenic Erectile Dysfunction: Comparative Study of Three Therapeutic Approaches,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2005) 31:243.

Morales, A.M. et al. “Patients’ Preference in the Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction: A Critical Review of the Literature,” International Journal of Impotence Research (2011) 23:1.

Von Keitz, A. et al. “A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Crossover Study to Evaluate Patient Preference Between Tadalafil and Sildenafil,” European Urology (2004) 45:499.

For best results: Drugs plus sex therapy

Aubin, S.et al. “Comparing Sildenafil Along Vs. Sildenafil Plus Brief Couple Sex Therapy on Erectile Dysfunction in Couples’ Sexual and Marital Quality of Life: A Pilot Study,” Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy (2009) 35:122.

Banner, L.L. and R.U. Anderson. “Integrated Sildenafil and Cognitive-Behavior Sex Therapy for Psychogenic Erectile Dysfunction: A Pilot Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2007) 4:1117.

 

Cost of erection drugs

Mishra, K. et al. “Variability in Prices for Erectile Dysfunction Medications—Are All Pharmacies the Same?” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2018) 15:1785

Don’t buy erection drugs touted on the Internet

Campbell, N. et al. “Internet-Ordered Viagra (Sildenafil citrate) is Rarely Genuine,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2012) 9:2943.

Viagra-Vation

Conaglen, H.M. and J.V. Conaglen. “Couples’ Reasons for Adherence to or Discontinuation of PDE Type 5 Inhibitors for Men with Erectile Dysfunction at 12 to 24-Month Follow-Up After a 6-Month Free Trial,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2012) 9:857.

Lamberg, L. “New Drug for Erectile Dysfunction Boon for Many, “Viagravation” for Some,” Journal of the American Medical Association, (1998) 280:867.

Sex therapy helps treat ED

Althof, S.E. “Sexual Therapy in the Age of Pharmacotherapy,” Annual Review of Sex Research (2006) 17:116

Banner, L.L. and R.U. Anderson. “Integrated Sildenafil and Cognitive-Behavioral Sex Therapy for Psychogenic Erectile Dysfunction: A Pilot Study,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2007) 4(4 Pt 2):1117.

McCabe, M.P. “Evaluation of a Cognitive Behavior Therapy Program for People with Sexual Dysfunction,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2001) 27:259.

Melnik, T. et al. “Psychosocial Interventions for Erectile Dysfunction,” Cochrane Database Systematic Review (2007) CD004825.

 

Phelps, J.S. et al. “The PsychoedPlusMed Approach to Erectile Dysfunction Treatment: The Impact of Combining a Psychoeducational Intervention with Sildenafil,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2004) 30:305.

 

Vacuum constriction devices

Brison, D. et al. “The Resurgence of the Vacuum Erection Device (VED) for Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2013) 10:1124.

Cookson, M.S. and P.W. Nadig. “Long-Term Results with the Vacuum Constriction Device,” Journal of Urology (1993) 149:290.

Lin, H. et al. “Application of the Vacuum Erectile Device in Penile Rehabilitation for Erectile Dysfunction After Radical Prostatectomy,” Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue [Chinese journal] (2015) 21:195.

 

Pajovic, B. et al. “Vacuum Erection Device in Treatment of Organic Erectile Dysfunction and Penile Vascular Differences Between Patients with DM Type 1 and DM Type 2,” Aging Male (2017) 20:49.

 

Shen, Y.J. et al. “Penile Rehabilitation with Vacuum Erection Device for Erectile Dysfunction After Radical Prostatectomy,” Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue [Chinese journal] (2012) 18:723.

 

Yuan, J. et al. “Vacuum Therapy in Erectile Dysfunction: Science and Clinical Evidence,” International Journal of Impotence Research (2010) 22:211.

 

Kegel exercises

Claes, H. and L. Baert. “Pelvic Floor Exercise Versus Surgery in the Treatment of Impotence,” British Journal of Urology (1993) 71:52.

Colpi, G.M. et al. “Perineal Floor Efficiency in Sexually Potent and Impotent Men,” International Journal of Impotence Research (1999) 11:153.

Dorey, G. “Restoring Pelvic Floor Function in Men: Review of RCTs,” British Journal of Nursing (2005) 14:1014.

Dorey, G. et al. “Pelvic Floor Exercises for Erectile Dysfunction,” BJU International (2005) 96:595.

Sighinolfi, M.C. et al. “Potential Effectiveness of Pelvic Floor Rehabilitation Treatment for Post-Radical Prostatectomy Incontinence, Climacturia, and Erectile Dysfunction: A Case Series,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2009) 6:3496.

Van Kampen, M. et al. “Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction by Perineal Exercise, Electromyographic Biofeedback, and electrical Stimulation,” Physical Therapy (2003) 83:536.

Yohimbe

Carey, M.P. and B.T. Johnson. “Effectiveness of Yohimbine in the Treatment of Erectile Disorder: Four Meta-Analytic Integrations,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1996) 25:341.

Ernst, E. and M.H. Pittler. “Yohimbe for Erectile Dysfunction: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials,” Journal of Urology (1998) 159:433.

Kunelius, P. et al. “Is High-Dose Yohimbine Hydrochloride Effective in the Treatment of Mixed-Type Impotence? A Prospective, Randomized, Controlled, Double-Blind, Crossover Study,” Urology (1997) 49:441.

Lebret, T. et al. “Efficacy and Safety of a Novel Combination of L-arginine Glutamate and Yohimbine Hydrochloride: A New Oral Therapy for Erectile Dysfunction,” European Urololgy (2002) 41:608.

Reid, K. et al. “Double-Blind Trial of Yohimbine in the Treatment of Psychogenic Impotence,” Lancet (1987) 2(8556):421.

Teloken, C. et al. “Therapeutic Effects of High-Dose Yohimbine Hydrochloride on Organic Erectile Dysfunction,” Journal of Urology (1998) 159:122.

 

L-arginine

Aoki, H. et al. “Clinical Assessment of a Supplement of Pycnogenol and L-arginine in Japanese Patients with Mild to Moderate Erectile Dysfunction,” Phytotherapy Research (2012) 26:204.

Barassi, A. et al. “Levels of L-arginine and L-citruline in Patients with Erectile Dysfunction of Different Etiology,” Andrology (2017) 5:256.

Chen, J. et al. “Effect of Oral Administration of High-Dose Nitric Oxide Donor L-Arginine in Men with Organic Erectile Dysfunction: Results of a Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study,” BJU International (1999) 83:269.

DiFrancesco, S. and R.L. Teneglia. “Mediterranean Diet and Erectile Dysfunction: A Current Perspective,” Central European Journal of Urology (2017) 70:185.

Gentile, V. et al. “Effect of Propionyl-L-carnitine, L-Arginine, and Nicotinic Acid on the Efficacy of Vardenafil in the Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction in Diabetes,” Current Medical Research and Opinion (2009) 25:2223.

Gianfrilli, D. et al. “Propionyl-L-carnitine, L-arginine, and Ni9.acin in Sexual Medicine: A Nutraceutical Approach to Erectile Dysfunction,” Andrologia (2012) 44(Suppl 1):600.

Greven, K.M. et al. “Effect of ArginMax on Sexual Functioning and Qualithy of Life Among Female Cancer Survivors: Results of the WFU CCOP Research Base Protocol 97106,” Journal of Community Support and Oncology (2015) 13:87.

Ito, T. et al. “The Effects of ArginMax, a Natural Dietary Supplement, for Enhancement of Male Sexual Function,” Hawaii Medical Journal (1998) 57:741.

Ito, T.Y. et al. “The Enhancement of Female Sexual Function with ArginMax, a Nutritional Supplement, Among Women Differing in Menopausal Status,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2006) 32:369.

Ito, T.Y. et al. “A Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Study of ArginMax, a Nutritional Supplement, for Enhancement of Female Sexual Function,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2001) 27:541.

Lebret, T. et al. “Efficacy and Safety of a Novel Combination of L-arginine Glutamate and Yohimbine Hydrochloride: A New Oral Therapy for Erectile Dysfunction,” European Urololgy (2002) 41:608.

Neuzillet, Y. et al. “A Randomized, Double-Blind, Crossover, Placebo-Controlled Comparative Clinical Trial of Arginine Aspartate Plus Adenosine Monophosphate for the Intermittent Treatment of Male Erectile Dysfunction,” Andrology (2013) 1:223.

Stanislavov, RT. And V. Nikolova. “Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction with Pycnogenal and L-arginine,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2003) 29:207.

Zorgniotti, A.W. and E.F. Lizza. “Effect of Large Doses of the Nitric Oxide Precursor, L-Argenine, on Erectile Dysfunction,” International Journal of Impotence Research (1994) 6:33.

Ginseng

Choi, H.K et al. “Clinical Efficacy of Korean Red Ginseng for Erectile Dysfunction,” International Journal of Impotence Research (1995) 7:181.

Choi, Y.D. et al. “Effects of Korean Ginseng Berry Extract on Sexual Function in Men with Erectile Dysfunction: A Multicenter Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind Clinical Study,” International Journal of Impotence Research (2013) 25:45.

DeAndrade, E. et al. “Study of the Efficacy of Korean Red Ginseng in the Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction,” Asian Journal of Andrology (2007) 9:24.

Gillis, C.N. “Panax Ginseng Pharmacology: A Nitric Oxide Link?” Biochemistry and Pharmacology (1997) 54:1.

Hong, B. et al. “A Double-Blind Crossover Study Evaluating the Efficacy of Korean Red Ginseng in Patients with Erectile Dysfunction: A Preliminary Report,” Journal of Urology (2002) 168:2070.

Jang, D.J. et al. “Red Ginseng for Treating Erectile Dysfunction: A Systematic Review,” British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology (2008) 66:444.

Kim, T.H et al. “Effects of Tissue-Cultured Mountain Ginseng (Panax Ginseng CA Meyer) Extract on Male Patients with Erectile Dysfunction,” Asian Journal of Andrology (2009) 11:356.

Murphy, L.L. and T.J. Lee. “Ginseng, Sex Behavior, and Nitric Oxide,” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (2002) 962:372.

Park, S.W. et al. “Effect of SA1, Herbal Formulation, on Sexual Behavior and Penile Erection,” Biology and Pharmacy Bulletin (2006) 29:1386.

Woolven, L. and T. Snider. “Herbs and Erectile Dysfunction: A Review of Traditional Use and Modern Clinical Evidence,” HerbalGram (2013) 99:34.

Ginkgo

Cohen, A.J. and B. Bartlik. “Ginkgo Biloba for Antidepressant-Induced Sexual Dysfunction,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (1998) 24:139.

Kang, B.J. et al. “A Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind Trail of Ginkgo Biloba for Antidepressant-Induced Sexual Dysfunction,” Human Psychopharmacology (2002) 17:279.

McKay, D. “Nutrients and Botanicals for Erectile Dysfunction: Examining the Evidence,” Alternative Medicine Review (2004) 9:4.

Wheatley, D. “Triple-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial of Ginkgo Biloba in Sexual Dysfunction Due to Antidepressant Drugs,” Human Psychopharmacology (2004) 19:545.

Maca

Zenico, T. et al. “Subjective Effects of Lepidium Myeenii (Maca) on Well-Being and Sexual Performance in Patients with Mild to Moderate Erectile Dysfunction: A Randomized, Double-Blind Clinical Trial,” Andrologia (2009) 41:95.

Saffron

Modabbernia, A. et al. “Effect of Saffron on Fluoxetine-Induced Sexual Impairment in Men,” Psychopharmacology (Berlin) (2012) 223:381.

Mohammadzaheh-Moghadam, H. et al. “Effects of a Topical Saffron (Crocus Sativus L) Gel on erectile Dysfunction in Diabetics: A Randomized, Parallel-Group, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial,” Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (2015) 20:283.

Safarinejad, M.R. et al. “An Open Label, Radomized, Fixed-Dose, Crossover Study Comparing Efficacy and Safety of Sildenafile Citrate and Saffron (Crocus Sativus Linn.) for Treating Erectile Dysfunction in Men Naïve to Treatment,” International Journal of Impotence Research (2010) 22:240.

Alprostadil and Intracavernosal injection therapy (ICI)

Belew, D. et al. “Intracavernosal Injection for the Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction: A Review,” Sexual Medicine Review (2015) 3:11.

 

Costa, P. and Potempa, A.J. “Intraurethral Alprostadil for Erectile Dysfunction: A Review of the Literature,” Drugs (2012) 72:2243.

 

El-Sakka, A.I. “What Is the Current Role of Intracavernosal Injection in Management of Erectile Dysfunction?” International Journal of Impotence Research (2016) 28:88.

 

Garber, B.B. and C. Lim. “Inflatable Penile Prosthesis Insertion in Men with Severe Intracorporal Fibrosis,” Current Urology (2017) 10:92.

 

Hanchanale, V. and I. Eardley. “Alprostadil for the Treatment of Impotence,” Expert Opinion in Pharmacotherapy (2014) 15:421.

 

Hsiao, W. et al. “Satisfaction Profiles in Men Using Intracavernosal Injection Therapy,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2011) 8:512.

 

Nelson, C.J. et al. “Injection Anxiety and Pain in Men Using Intracavernosal Injection Therapy After Radical Pelvic Surgery,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2013) 10:2559.

 

Sung, H.H. et al. “The Role of Intracavernosal Injection Therapy and the Reasons for Withdrawal from Therapy in Patients with Erectile Dysfunction in the Era of PDE5 Inhibitors,” Andrology (2014) 2:45.

 

Yiou, R. et al. “Sexual Quality of Life in Women Partnered with Men Using Intracavernosal Alprostadil Injections After Radical Prostatectomy,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2013) 10:1355.

Low-intensity shockwave therapy (LIST)

http://www.issm.info/sexual-health-qa/what-is-shockwave-therapy-and-how-might-it-help-men-with-erectile-dysfuncti/

 

Fojecki, G.L. et al. “Effect of Linear Low-Intensity Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy for Erectile Dysfunction: 12-Month Follow-Up of a Randomized, Double Blinded, Sham-Controlled Study,” Sexual Medicine (2018) 6:1.

 

Fojecki, G.L. et al. “Effect of Low-Energy Linear Shockwave Therapy on Erectile Dysfunction: A Double Blinded, Sham-Controlled, Randomized Clinical Trail,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2017) 14:106.

 

Gruenwald, I. et al. “Low-Intensity Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy:
A Novel Effective Treatment for Erectile Dysfunction in Severe ED Patients who Respond Poorly to PDE5 Inhibitor Therapy,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2012) 9:259.

 

Kalyvianakis, D. et al. “Low-Energy Shockwave Therapy for Erectile Dysfunction: A Randomized Clinical Trail Comparing 2 Treatment Protocols and the Impact of Repeating Treatment,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2018) 15:334.

 

Kalyvianakis, D. and D. Hatzichristou. “Low-Energy Shockwave Therapy Improves Hemodynamic Parameters in Patients with Vasculogenic Erectile Dysfunction: A Triplex Ultrasonography-Based, Sham-Controlled Trial,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2017) 14:891.

 

Kitrey, N.D. et al. “Penile Low-Intensity Shockwave Treatment is Able to Shift PDE5i Nonresponders to Responders: A Double-Blind, Sham-Controlled Study,” Journal of Urology (2016) 195:1550.

 

Lu, Z. et al. “Low-Intensity Extracorporeal Shockwave Treatment Improves Erectile Function: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,” European Urology (2017) 71:223.

 

Qi, T. et al. “Comparison of the Effects of Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy and a Vacuum Erectile Device on Penile Erectile Dysfunction: A Randomized Clinical Trial,” Medicine (Baltimore) (2017) 96:e8414.

 

Srini, V.S. et al. “Low-Intensity Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy for Erectile Dysfunction: A Study in and Indian Population,” Canadian Journal of Urology (2015) 22:7614.

 

Vardi, Y. et al. “Can Low-Intensity Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy Improve Erection Function? A 6-Month Follow-Up Pilot Study in Patients with Organic Erectile Dysfunction,” European Urology (2010) 58:243.

 

Vardi, Y. et al. “Does Low-Intensity Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy Have a Physiological Effect on Erectile Function? Short-Term Results of a Randomized, Double-Blind, Sham-Controlled Study,” Journal of Urology (2012) 187:1769.

 

Yee, C.H. et al. “Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy in the Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction: A Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blinded, Placebo-Controlled Study,” International Journal of Urology (2014) 21:1041.

 

Additional surgery to correct problems with penile implants

Mirheydar, H. et al. “Reoperation Rates for Penile Prosthetic Surgery,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2016) 13:129.

 

Use of implants has fallen

Lee, D.J. et al. “Trends in the Utilization of Penile Prostheses in the Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction in the United States,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:1638.

 

  1. More Similar Than Different

Women from Venus, Men from Mars

Gray, John. Men Are From Mars, Women Are From Venus: The Classic Guide to Understanding the Opposite Sex. Harper, NY, 2012.

 

Gray, John. Men Are From Mars, Women Are From Venus: Practical Guide for Improving Communication and Getting What You Want from Relationships. HarperCollins NY, 1994

 

Gray, John. Mars and Venus on a Date: A Guide for Navigating the 5 Stages of Dating to Create a Loving and Lasting Relationship. Harper Perennial, NY, 2005.

 

Men and women: More similar than different

Hyde, J.S. “The Gender Similarities Hypothesis,” American Psychologist (2005) 60:581.

 

McGuirl, K.E. and M.W. Wiederman. “Characteristics of the Ideal Sex Partner: Gender Differences and Perceptions of the Preferences of the Other Gender,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2000) 26:153.

 

Oliver, M.B. and J.S. Hyde. “Gender Differences in Sexuality: A Meta-Analysis,” Psychological Bulletin (1993) 114:29.

 

Petersen, J.L. and J.S. Hyde. “Gender Differences in Sexual Attitudes and Behaviors: A Review of Meta-Analytic Results and Large Datasets,” Journal of Sex Research (2011) 48:149.

 

Petersen, J.L and J.S. Hyde. “A Meta-Analytic Review of Research on Gender Differences in Sexuality, 1993-2007,” Psychological Bulletin (2010) 136:21.

 

Women know best

Miller, A.S. and E.S. Byers. “Actual and Desired Duration of Foreplay and Intercourse: Discordance and Misperceptions in Heterosexual Couples,” Journal of Sex Research (2004) 41:301.

 

Mohn, T. “The Spa Experience as Tune-up: Reports Discover That Men and Women See Massage Differently,” New York Times, 5-31-2005.

 

NewScientist.com. “Scientists Reveal the Secret of Cuddles.” July 28, 2002.

 

36.Women’s Bodies

Women’s deepest sexual insecurity, vaginal odor

Stephens-Davidowitz, S. “Searching for Sex,” New York Times, Jan. 25, 2015.

 

The hazards of douching

Annang, L. et al. “Vaginal Douching Practices Among Black Women at Risk: Exploring Douching Prevalence, Reasons for It, and Sexually Transmitted Diseases,” Sexually Transmitted Diseases (2006) 33:215.

 

Brotman, R.M. et al. “A Longitudinal Study of Vaginal Douching and Bacterial Vaginosis: A Marginal Structural Modeling Analysis,” American Journal of Epidemiology (2008) 168:188.

 

Bruce, F.C. et al. “Is Vaginal Douching Associated with Preterm Delivery?” Epidemiology (2002) 13:328.

 

Corsello, S. et al. “An Epidemiological Survey of Vulvovaginal Candidiasis in Italy,” European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology (2003) 119:66.

 

Cottrell, B.H. “Vaginal Douching,” Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Neonatal Nursing (2003) 32:12.

 

Fiscella, K. et al. “Risk of Preterm Birth Associated with Vaginal Douching,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (2002) 186:1345.

 

Grimley, D.M. et al. “Vaginal Douches and Other Feminine Hygiene Products: Women’s Practices and Perceptions of Product Safety,” Maternal and Child Health (2006) 10:303.

 

Holtzman, C. et al. “Factors Linked to Bacterial Vaginosis in Non-pregnant Women,” American Journal of Public Health (2001) 91:1664.

 

Koumans, E.H. “Prevalence of Bacterial Vaginosis in the U.S., 2001-2004: Associations with Symptoms, Sexual Behaviors, and Reproductive Health,” Sexually Transmitted Diseases (2007) 34:864.

 

Martino, J.L. and S.H. Vermund. “Vaginal Douching: Evidence for Risks or Benefits to Women’s Health,” Epidemiologic Reviews (2002) 24:109.

 

Ness, R.B. et al. “Douching, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, and Incident Gonococcal and Chlamydial Genital Infection in a Cohort of High-Risk Women,” American Journal of Epidemiology (2005) 161:186.

 

Rothman, K.J. et al. “Randomized Field Trial of Vaginal Douching, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, and Pregnancy,” Epidemiology (2003) 14:340.

 

Rupp, R. et al. “Intergenerational Transfer of Douching Information,” Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology (2006) 19:69.

 

Sutton, M. et al. “Prevalence of Trichomonas Vaginalis Among Reproductive-Age Women in the U.S., 2001-2004,” Clinical Infectious Disease (2007) 45:1319.

 

Thorp, J.M. et al. “Alteration in Vaginal Microflora, Douching Prior to Pregnancy, and Preterm Birth,” Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology (2008) 22:530.

 

Tsai, C.S. et al. “Does Douching Increase Risk for Sexually Transmitted Infections? A Prospective Study in High-Risk Adolescents,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. (2009) 200:38.

 

How men and women feel about women’s breasts

Dixson, B.J. et al. “The Role of Breast Size and Areolar Pigmentation in Perceptions of Women’s Sexual Attractiveness, Reproductive Health, Sexual Maturity, Maternal Nurturing Abilities, and Age,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2015) 44:1685.

 

Dixson, B.J. et al. “Eye Tracking of Men’s Preferences for Female Breast Size and Areola Pigmentation,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2011) 40:51.

 

Frederick, D.A. et al. “The Barbie Mystique: Satisfaction with Breast Size and Shape Across the Lifespan,” International Journal of Sexual Health (2008) 20:200.

Gueguen, N. “Women’s Bust Size and Men’s Courtship Solicitation,” Body Image (2007) 4:386.

High heels

Gueguen, N. “High Heels Increase Women’s Attractiveness,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2015) 44:2227.

Luximon, Y. et al. “Effects of Heel Base Size, Walking Speed, and Slope Angle on Center of Pressure Trajectory and Plantar Pressure When Wearing High-Heeled Shoes,” Human Movement Science (2015) 41:307.

 

Moore, J.X. et al. “Epidemiology of High-Heel Shoe Injuries in U.S. Women: 2002 to 2012,” Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery (2015) 54:615.

 

Women’s sexual response cycles

Basson, R. “The Female Sexual Response: A Different Model,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2000) 26:51.

 

The clitoral system

Chalker, R. The Clitoral Truth. Seven Stories Press, NY, 2000.

 

Does clitoral size matter?

Oakley, S.H. et al. “Clitoral Size and Location in Relation to Sexual Function Using Pelvic MRI,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2014) 11:1013.

 

Pauls, R.N. “Anatomy of the Clitoris and the Female Sexual Response,”
Clinical Anatomy (2015) 28:376.

 

Vaccaro, C.M. et al. “Female Sexual Function and the Clitoral Complex Using Pelvic MRI Assessment,” European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology (2014) 180:180.

 

The G-spot

Alzate H. “Vaginal Erogeneity, Female Ejaculation, and the Grafenberg spot,” Archives of Sexual Behavior. (1990) 19: 607.

 

Alzate, H. and Z. Hoch. “The G-Spot and Female Ejaculation: A Current Appraisal,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (1986) 12:211.

 

Belzer, E.G. “A Review of Female Ejaculation and the Grafenberg Spot,” Women’s Health (1984) 9:5.

 

Buisson, O. et al. “Coitus as Revealed by Ultrasound in One Volunteer Couple,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7:2750.

 

Burri, A.V. et al. “Genetic and Environmental Influences on Self-Reported G-Spots in Women: A Twin Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7:1842.

 

Darling, C.A. et al. “Female Ejaculation: Perceived Origins, the Grafenberg Spot/Area, and Sexual Responsiveness,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1990) 19:29.

 

Davidson, J.K. et al. “The Role of the Grafenberg Spot and Female Ejaculation in the Female Orgasmic Response: An Empirical Analysis,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (1989) 15:102.

 

Emhardt, E. et al. “Anatomic Variation and Orgasm: Could Variations in Anatomy Explain Differences in Orgasmic Success?” Clinical Anatomy (2016) 29:665.

 

Foldes, P. and O. Buisson. “The Clitoral Complex: A Dynamic Sonographic Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2009) 6:1223.

 

Foldes, P. and O. Buission. “Clitoris and G Spot: An Intimate Affair,” Gynecology, Obstetrics, and Fertility (2007) 35:3.

 

Goldberg D.C. et al. “The Graffenberg Spot in Female Ejaculation: A Review of Initial Hypotheses,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (1983) 9:27.

 

Hines, T. “The G-Spot: A Modern Gynecologic Myth,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (2001) 185: 359.

 

Hoch, Z. “Vaginal Erotic Sensitivity by Sexological Examination,” Acta Obstetrica Gynecologia Scandinavia (1986) 65:767.

 

Jannini, E.A. et al. “Beyond the G-Spot: Clitoro-urethro-vaginal Complex Anatomy in Female Orgasm,” Nature Reviews, Urology (2014) 11:531.

 

Jannini, E.A. et al. “Who’s Afraid of the G-Spot?” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7:25.

 

Kilchevsky, A. “Is the Female G-Spot Truly a Distinct Anatomic Entity?” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2012) 9:719.

 

Ladas, A.K. B. Whipple, and J. Perry. The G-Spot and Other Discoveries About Human Sexuality. Holt, NY, 2005.

 

Li, T. et al. “Anatomic Distribution of Nerves and Microvascular Density in the Human Anterior Vaginal Wall: Prospective Study,” PLoS One (2014) 9:e110239.

 

Maratos, Y.K. et al. “The G-Spot: And Observational MRI Pilot Study,” BJOG [formerly British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology] (2016) 123:1542.

 

O’Connell, H.E. et al. “Anatomy of the Clitoris,” Journal of Urology (2005) 174(4 Part 1):1189.

 

Ostrzenski, A. “G-Spot Anatomy: A New Discovery,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2012) 9:1355.

 

Ostrzenski, A. et al. “Verification of the Anatomy and Newly Discovered Histology of the G-Spot Complex,” BJOG (2014) 121:1333.

 

Ostrzenski, A. “Anatomic Documentation of the G-Spot Complex Role in the Genesis of Anterior Vaginal Wall Ballooning,” European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology (2014) 180:186.

 

Pan. S. et al. “Clinical Anatomy of the G-Spot,” Clinical Anatomy (2015) 28:363.

 

Pastor, Z. “G-Spot Myths and Reality,” Ceska Gynekol. (2010) 75:211.

 

Pauls, R.N. “Anatomy of the Clitoris and the Female Sexual Response,” Clinical Anatomy (2015) 28:376.

 

Puppo, V. “Anatomy and Physiology of the Clitoris, Vestibular Bulbs, and Labia Minora with a Review of the Female Orgasm and the Prevention of Female Sexual Dysfunction,” Clinical Anatomy (2013) 26:134.

 

Puppo, V. and I. Gruenwald. “Does the G-Spot Exist? A Review of the Current Literature,” International Urogynecology (2012) 23:1665.

 

Puppo V. and G. Puppo. “Anatomy of Sex: Revision of the New Anatomical Terms Used for the Clitoris and the Female Orgasm by Sexologists,” Clinical Anatomy (2015) 28:293.

 

Rabinerson, D. and E. Horowitz. “G-Spot and Female Ejaculation: Fiction or Reality? Harefuah [Israeli journal] (2007) 1456:145.

 

Russo, N. “The Still-Misunderstood Shape of the Clitoris,” The Atlantic. March 9, 2017.

 

Syed, R. “Knowledge of the Grafenberg Zone and Female Ejaculation in Ancient Indian Sexual Science: A Medical History Contribution,” Sudhoffs Archive [German journal] (1999) 83:171.

 

Thabet, S.M. “Reality of the G-Spot and Its Relation to Female Circumcision and Vaginal Surgery,” Journal of Obstetrics any Gynecology Research (2009) 35:967.

 

Thabet, S.M. “New Findings and Concepts About the G-Spot in Normal and Absent Vagina: Precautions Possibly Needed for Preservation of the G-Spot and Sexuality During Surgery,” Journal of Obstetrics any Gynecology Research (2013) 39:1339.

 

Winks, Cathy. The G-Spot. Down There Press, San Francisco, 1998.

 

Zaviacic, M et al. “Ultrastructure of the Normal Adult Female Human Prostate Gland (Skene’s Gland),” Anatomy and Embryology (2000) 201:51.

 

Zaviacic, M and RJ Ablin. “The Female Prostate and Prostate-Specific Antigen…Reasons for Using the Term ‘Prostate’ in the Human Female,” Histology and Histopathology (2000) 15:131.

 

Zaviacic, M et al. “The Normal Female and Male Breast Epithelium Does Not Express Prostate-Specific Antigen…” General Physiology and Biophysiology (1999) 18(Suppl 1):41.

 

Zaviacic, M. “The Adult Human Female Prostata Homogogue and the Male Prostate Gland: A Comparative Enzyme-Histochemical Study,” Acta Histochemica (1985) 77:19.

 

Zaviacic, M et al. “Prostate-Specific Antigen and Prostate-Specific Acid Phosphatase in Adenocarcinoma of Skene’s Paraurethral Glands and Ducts,” Virchows Arch A Pathol [Slovakian journal] (1993) 423:503.

 

Zaviacic, M and B. Whipple. “Update on the Female Prostate and the Phenomenon of Female Ejaculation,” Journal of Sex Research (1993) 30:148.

 

Female ejaculation

Belzer, E.G. “A Review of Female Ejaculation and the Grafenberg Spot,” Women’s Health (1984) 9:5.

 

Cartwright, R. et al. “Do Women with Female Ejaculation Have Detrusor Over-activity?” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2007) 4:1655.

 

Darling, C.A. et al. “Female Ejaculation: Perceived Origins, the Grafenberg Spot/Area, and Sexual Responsiveness,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1990) 19:29.

 

Davidson, J.K. et al. “The Role of the Grafenberg Spot and Female Ejaculation in the Female Orgasmic Response: An Empirical Analysis,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (1989) 15:102.

 

Jha. S. et al. “Incontinence During Intercourse: Myths Unraveled,” International Urogynecology Journal (2012) 23:633.

 

Korda, J.B. et al. “The History of Female Ejaculation,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7:1965.

 

Moalem, S. and J.S. Reidenberg. “Does Female Ejaculation Serve an Antimicrobial Purpose?” Medical Hypotheses (2009). 73:1069.

 

Pastor, Z. “Female Ejaculation Orgasm Vs. Coital Incontinence: A Systematic Review,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2013) 10:1682.

 

Rabinerson, D. and E. Horowitz. “G-Spot and Female Ejaculation: Fiction or Reality?”Harefuah [Israeli journal] (2007) 1456:145.

 

Rubio-Casillas, A. and E.A. Jannini. “New Insights from One Case of Female Ejaculation,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2011) 8:3500.

 

Salama, S. et al. “Nature and Origin of ‘Squirting’ in Female Sexuality,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:661.

 

Serati, M. et al. “Female Urinary Incontinence During Intercourse: A Review of an Understudied Problem for Women’s Sexuality,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2009) 6:40.

 

Syed, R. “Knowledge of the Grafenberg Zone and Female Ejaculation in Ancient Indian Sexual Science: A Medical History Contribution,” Sudhoffs Archive [German journal] (1999) 83:171.

 

Wimpissinger, F. et al. “The Female Prostate Revisited: Perineal Ultrasound and Biochemical Studies of Female Ejaculate,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2007) 4:1388.

 

Zaviacic, M and B. Whipple. “Update on the Female Prostate and the Phenomenon of Female Ejaculation,” Journal of Sex Research (1993) 30:148.

 

Vagina “too tight”

https://www.healthline.com/health/tight-vagina#overview1

 

Vagina “too loose”

https://www.healthline.com/health/tight-vagina#overview1

 

Barbara, G. et al. “Impact of Mode of Delivery on Female Postpartum Sexual Functioning: Spontaneous Vaginal Delivery and Operative Delivery vs. Caesarian Section,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2016) 13:393.

 

Cai, L. et al. “Does Vaginal Delivery Affect Postnatal Coitus?” International Journal of Impotence Research (2014) 26:24.

 

Cooper, J. et al. “Prevalence of Genital Prolapse Symptoms in Primary Care: A Cross-Sectional Survey,” International Urogynecology Journal (2015) 26:505.

 

Gungor, S. et al. “Does Mode of Delivery Affect Sexual Functioning of the Man Partner?” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2008) 5:155.

 

Lurie, S. et al. “Sexual Functioning After Childbirth By Mode of Delivery: A Prospective Study,” Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics (2013) 288:785.

Pubic grooming

Armstrong, N.R. and J.D. Wilson. “Did the ‘Brazilian’ Kill the Pubic Louse?” Sexually Transmitted Infections (2006) 82:265.

 

Butler, S.M. et al. “Pubic Hair Preferences, Reasons for Removal, and Associated Genital Symptoms: Comparisons Between Men and Women,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:48.

 

Gaither, T.W. et al. “Prevalence and Motivation: Pubic Hair Grooming Among Men in the United States,” American Journal of Men’s Health (2016) epub ahead of print.

 

Herbenick, D. et al. “Pubic Hair Removal and Sexual Behavior: Findings from a Prospective Daily Diary Study of Sexually Active Women in the United States,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2012) 10:678.

 

Herbenick, D. et al. “Pubic Hair Removal Among Women in the United States: Prevalence, Methods, and Characteristics,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7:3322.

 

Osterberg, E.C. et al. “Correlation Between Pubic Hari Grooming and STIjs: Results from a Nationally Representative Probability Sample,” Sexually Transmitted Infections (2016) epub ahead of print.

 

Ramsey, S. et al. “Pubic Hair and Sexuality: A Review,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2009) 6:2102.

 

Rowen, T.S. et al. “Pubic Hair Grooming Prevalence and Motivation Among Women in the United States,” JAMA Dermatology (2016) 152:1106

 

Schick, V. “Evulvalution: The Portrayal of Women’s External Genetalia and Physique Across Time and the Current Barbie Doll Ideal,” Journal of Sex Research (2010) 47:1.

 

Tiggerman, m. and S. Hodgson. “The Hairlessness Norm Extended: Reasons for and Predictors of Women’s Body Hair Removal at Different Body Sites,” Sex Roles (2008) 59: 889.

 

  1. Women’s Desire

Ancient Greeks invented the dildo

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dildo

 

Tannahill, R. Sex in History. Stein and Day, NY, 1982. pp. 98-99.

 

Marital rape was not outlawed in the U.S. until 1993

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marital_rape_(United_States law)

 

Highly sexual women

Laumann, E.O. et al. The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States. University of Chicago Press, 1994, p. 88.

Blumberg, E. “The Lives and Voices of Highly Sexual Women,” Journal of Sex Research (2003) 40:146.

 

Stulhofer, A, et al. “Is High Sexual Desire a Risk for Women’s Relationship and Sexual Well-Being?” Journal of Sex Research (2016) 53:882.

 

Prevalence of low desire among women

Beigi, M. and F. Fahami. “A Comparative Study of Sexual Dysfunctions Before and After Menopause,” Iran Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research (2012) 17(2 Suppl. 1):S72.

 

Graziottin, A. et al. “The Prevalence of Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Surgically Menopausal Women: An Epidemiological Study of Women in Four European Countries,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2009) 6:2143.

 

Hayes, R.D. et al. “What Is the “True” Prevalence of Female Sexual Dysfunctions and Does the Way We Assess These Conditions Have an Impact?” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2008) 5:777.

 

Laumann, E.O. et al. “Sexual Dysfunction Among Older Adults: Prevalence and Risk Factors from a Nationally Representative U.S. Probability Sample of Men and Women 57-85 Years of Age,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2008) 5:2300.

 

Laumann, E.O. et al. “Sexual Dysfunction in the United States: Prevalence and Predictors,” Journal of the American Medical Association (1999) 281:537.

 

Leiblum, S.R. et al. “Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Postmenopausal Women: U.S. Results from the Women’s International Study of Health and Sexuality (WISHeS),” Menopause (2006) 13:46.

 

Rosen, R.C. et al. “Sexual Desire Problems in Women Seeking Healthcare: A Novel Study Design for Ascertaining Prevalence of Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Clinic-Based Samples of U.S. Women,” Journal of Women’s Health (2012) 21:505.

 

Trompeter, S.E. et al. “Sexual Activity and Satisfaction in Healthy Community-Dwelling Older Women,” American Journal of Medicine (2012) 125:37.

 

Worsley, R. et al. “Prevalence and Predictors of Low Sexual Desire, Sexually Related Personal Distress and Hypoactive Sexual Desire Dysfunction in a Community-Based Sample of Midlife Women,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2017) 14:675.

 

Risk factors for low libido in women

Afshari, P. et al. “The Relationship Between Body Image and Sexual Function in Middle-Aged Women,” Electronic Physician (2016) 8:3302.

 

Battaglia, C. et al. “Sexual Behavior and Oral Contraceptives,” Journal of Sexual Medicine,” (2012) 9:550.

 

Alvisi, S. et al. “Sexuality and Psychopathological Aspects in Premenopausal Women with Metabolic Syndrome,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2014) 11:2020.

 

Cabral, P.U. et al. “Physical Activity and Sexual Function in Middle-Aged Women,” Revista da Associacao Médica Brasileira-1992 (2014) 60:47.

 

Davis, S.R. et al. “Androgens and Female Sexual Function and Dysfunction: Findings form the Fourth International Consultation of Sexual Medicine,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2016) 13:168.

 

Hatcher, R. et al. Contraceptive Technology (20th ed.) Ardent Media, London, 2015.

 

Laumann, E.O. et al. “Sexual Dysfunction Among Older Adults: Prevalence and Risk Factors from a Nationally Representative U.S. Probability Sample of Men and Women 57-85 Years of Age,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2008) 5:2300.

 

Laumann, E.O. et al. “Sexual Dysfunction in the United States: Prevalence and Predictors,” Journal of the American Medical Association (1999) 281:537.

 

Leiblum, S.R. et al. “Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Postmenopausal Women: U.S. Results from the Women’s International Study of Health and Sexuality (WISHeS),” Menopause (2006) 13:46.

 

Malmborg, A. et al. “Hormonal Contraception and Sexual Desire: A Questionnaire-Based Study of Young Swedish Women,” European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care (2016) 21:158.

 

Maserejian, N.N. et al. “Sexual Arousal and Lubrication Problems in Women with Clinically Diagnosed Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder: Preliminary Findings from the Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder Registry,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2012) 38:41.

 

Nackers, L.M. et al. “Associations Between Body Mass Index and Sexual Function in Midlife Women: The Study of Women’s Health Across the Nation,” Menopause (2015) 22:1175.

 

Nappi, R.E. “To Be Or Not To In Sexual Desire: The Androgen Dilemma,” Climacteric (2015) 18:672.

 

Nappi, R.E. et al. “Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Postmenopausal Women,” Gynecological Endocrinology (2006) 22:318.

 

Otunctemur, A. et al. “Effect of Metabolic Syndrome on Sexual Function in Pre- and Post-Menopausal Women,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2015) 41:440.

 

Peixoto, C. et al. “The Effects of Dehydroepiandosterone on Sexual Function: A Systematic Review,” Climacteric (2017) 20:129.

 

Trompeter, S.E. et al. “Metabolic Syndrome and Sexual Function in Postmenopausal Women,” American Journal of Medicine (2016) 129:1270.

 

Trompeter, S.E. et al. “Sexual Activity and Satisfaction in Healthy Community-Dwelling Older Women,” American Journal of Medicine (2012) 125:37.

 

Wahlin-Jacobsen, S. et al. “Androgens and Psychosocial Factors Related to Sexual Dysfunctions in Premenopausal Women,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2017) 14:366.

 

Wahlin-Jacobsen, S. et al. “Is There a Correlation Between Androgens and Sexual Desire in Women?” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:358.

 

Wallwiener, C.W. et al. “Are Hormonal Components of Oral Contraceptives Associated with Impaired Female Sexual Function? A Questionnaire-Based Online Survey of Medical Students in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland,” Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics (2015) 292:883.

 

Worsley, R. et al. “Prevalence and Predictors of Low Sexual Desire, Sexually Related Personal Distress and Hypoactive Sexual Desire Dysfunction in a Community-Based Sample of Midlife Women,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2017) 14:675.

 

Women tend to feel a libido surge at ovulation

Bullivant, SB et al. “Women Sexual Experience During the Menstrual Cycle: Identification of the Sexual Phase by Noninvasive Measurement of Luteinizing Hormone,” Journal of Sex Research (2004) 41:82.

 

Burleson, MH et al. “Sexual Behavior in Lesbian and Heterosexual Women: Relations with Menstrual Cycle Phase and Partner Availability,” Psychoneuroendocrinology (2002) 27:489.

 

Clayton, A. et al. “Assessment of Sexual Functioning During the Menstrual Cycle,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (1999) 25:281.

Dawson, SJ et al “Sexual Fantasies and Viewing Times Across the Menstrual Cycle: A Diary Study,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2012) 441:173.

 

Gangestad, SW et al. “Changes in Women’s Sexual Interests and Their Partners’ Mate-Retention Tactics Across the Menstrual Cycle: Evidence for Shifting Conflicts of Interest,” Proceedings of Biological Sciences, The Royal Society (2002) 269:975.

 

Little, AC et al. “Preferences for Masculinity in Male Bodies Changes Across the Menstrual Cycle,” Hormones and Behavior (2007) 51:633.

 

Meuwissen, I. and R. Over. “Sexual Arousal Across Phases of the Human Menstrual Cycle,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1992) 21:101.

 

Pillsworth EG et al. “Ovulatory Shift in Female Sexual Desire,” Journal of Sex Research (2004) 41:55.

 

Provost, MP et al. “Differences in Gait Across the Menstrual Cycle and Their Attractiveness to Men,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2008) 37:598.

 

Rudski, JM et al. “Effects of Menstrual Cycle Phase on Ratings of Implicitly Erotic Art,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2011) 40:767.

 

Silber, M. “Menstrual Cycle and Work Schedule: Effects of Women’s Sexuality,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1994) 23:397.

 

Slob, AK et al. “Sexual Arousability and the Menstrual Cycle,” Psychoneuroendocrinology (1996) 21:545.

 

Tarin, JJ and V. Gomez-Piquer. “Do Women Have a Hidden Heat Period?” Human Reproduction (2002) 17:2243.

 

Zillmann, D. et al. “Menstrual Cycle Variation of Women’s Interest in Erotica,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1994) 23:579.

 

Libido spikes during summer and winter

Lam, D and JA Miron. “Seasonality of Births in Human Populations,” Social Biology (1991) 38:51.

 

Levin, M et al. “Seasonality of Sexual Debut,” Journal of Marriage and Family (2002) 64:871.

 

Markey, PM and CN Markey. “Seasonal Variation in Internet Keyword Searches: A Proxy Assessment of Sex Mating Behaviors,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2013) 42:515.

 

Parnell, AM and JL Rodgers. “Seasonality of Induced Abortions in North Carolina,” Journal of Biosocial Science (1998) 30:321.

 

Pittman, S et al. “Seasonality and Immediate Antecedents of Sexual Intercourse in Adolescents,” Journal of Reproductive Medicine (2005) 50:193.

 

Schroeder B. et al. “Is There Seasonal Variation in Gonorrhea and Chlamydia in Adolescents?” Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology (2001) 14:25.

 

Seiver, DA. “Trend and Variation in the Seasonality of U.S. Fertility, 1947-1976,” Demography (1985) 22:89.

 

Tita, ATN et al. “Seasonality in Conception of Birth and Influence of Late Initiation of Prenatal Care,” Gynecology and Obstetrics (2001) 97:976.

 

Wellings, K et al. “Seasonal Variations in Sexual Activity and Their Implication for Sexual Health Promotion,” Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine (1999) 92:60.

 

Women’s libido during and after menopause

Ambler, D.R. et al. “Sexual Function in Elderly Women: A Review of Current Literature,” Review of Obstetrics and Gynecology (2012) 5:16.

 

Beigi, M. and F. Fahami. “A Comparative Study on Sexual Dysfunction Before and After Menopause,” Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research (2012) 17(2 Suppl. 1):S72.

 

Burri, A. et al. “Longitudinal Evaluation of Sexual Function in a Cohort of Pre- and Post-Menopausal Women,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:1427.

 

Dennerstein, L. et al. “Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Menopausal Women: A Survey of Western European Women,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2006) 3:212.

 

Graziottin, A. et al. “The Prevalence of Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Surgically Menopausal Women: A Epidemiological Study of Women in Four European Countries,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2009) 6:2143.

 

Guthrie, J.R. et al. “The Menopausal Transition: A Nine-Year Prospective Population-Based Study. The Melbourne Women’s Midlife Health Project,” Climacteric (2004) 7:375.

 

Hashemi, S. et al. “Evaluation of Sexual Attitude and Sexual Function at Menopausal Age: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study,” Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine (2013) 11:631.

 

Islam, R.M. et al. “Prevalence of Sexual Symptoms in Relation to Menopause in Women in Asia: A Systematic Review,” Menopause (2017) epub ahead of print.

 

Leiblum, S.R. et al. “Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Postmenopausal Women: U.S. Results form the Women’s International Study of Health and Sexuality (WISHeS),” Menopause (2006) 13:46.

 

Maserejian, N.N. et al. “Sexual Arousal and Lubrication Problems in Women with Clinically Diagnosed Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder: Preliminary Findings form the Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder Registry for Women,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2012) 38:41.

 

Randolph, J.F. et al. “Masturbation Frequency and Sexual Function Domains Are Associated with Serum Reproductive Hormone Levels Across the Menopausal Transition,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (2015) 100:258.

 

Rosen, R.C. et al. “Sexual Desire Problems in Women Seeking Healthcare: A Novel Study Design for Ascertaining Prevalence of Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Clinic-Based Samples of U.S. Women,” Journal of Women’s Health (Larchmont) (2012) 21:505.

 

Thomas, H.N. et al. “Changes in Sexual Function Among Midlife Women: ‘I’m Older … and I’m wiser,’” Menopause (2017) epub ahead of print.

 

Thornton, K. et al. “Menopause and Sexuality,” Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America (2015) 4:649.

 

Trompeter, S.E. et al. “Sexual Activity and Satisfaction in Healthy Community-Dwelling Older Women,” American Journal of Medicine (2012) 125:37.

 

Worsley, R. et al. “Prevalence and Predictors of Low Sexual Desire, Sexually Related Personal Distress, and Hypoactive Sexual Desire dysfunction in a Community-Based Sample of Midlife Women,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2017) 14:675.

 

Mindfulness meditation improves women’s desire

Brotto, LA. et al. “Mindfulness-Based Sex Therapy Improves Genital-Subjective Arousal Concordance in Women with Sexual Desire/Arousal Difficulties,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2016) 45:1907.

Brotto, L.A. and D. Goldmeier. “Mindfulness Interventions for Treating Sexual Dysfunctions: The Gentle Science of Finding Focus in a Multitask World,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:1687.

Brotto, L.A. and R. Basson. “Group Mindfulness-Based Therapy Significantly Improves Sexual Desire in Women,” Behavior Research and Therapy (2014) 57:43.

Brotto, L.A. et al. “A Psychoeducational Intervention for Sexual Dysfunction in Women with Gynecologic Cancer,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2008) 37:317.

Brotto, L.A. et al. “A Mindfulness-Based Group Psychoeducational Intervention Targeting Sexual Arousal Disorder in Women,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2008) 5:1646.

 

Patterson, L.Q. et al. “A Pilot Study of Eight-Session Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy Adapted for Women’s Sexual Interest/Arousal Disorder,” Journal of Sex Research (2017) 54:850.

 

Pepping, C.A. et al. “The Effects of Mindfulness on Sexual Outcomes: The Role of Emotional Regulation,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2018) 47:1601.

 

Stephenson, K.R. et al. “Effects of Mindfulness-Based Therapies for Female Sexual Dysfunction: A Meta-Analytic Review,” Journal of Sex Research (2017) 54:

 

Velten, J. et al. “Effects of a Mindfulness Task on Women’s Sexual Response,” Journal of Sex Research (2018) 55:747.

 

A self-help program increase women’s desire

Mintz, L.B. “Bibliotherapy for Low Sexual Desire: Evidence for Effectiveness,” Journal of Consulting Psychology (2012) 59:471.

 

A Tired Woman’s Guide to Passionate Sex: Reclaim Your Desire and Reignite Your Relationship by Laurie Mintz, Ph.D., Adams Media, 2009.

 

Wanting Sex Again: How to Rediscover Your Desire and Heal a Sexless Marriage by Laurie Watson, LMFT. Berkley, 2012.

 

Tribulus terrestris boosts women’s libido

Akhtari, E. et al. “Tribulus Terrestris for Treatment of Sexual Dysfunction in Women: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study,” Daru Journal of the Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University (2014) 22:40.

 

DeSouza, K.Z. et al. “Efficacy of Tribulus Terrestris for the Treatment of Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Postmenopausal Women: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial,” Menopause (2016) 23:1252.

 

Kemenov, Z et al. “Evaluation of the Efficacy and Safety of Tribulus Terrestris in Male Sexual Dysfunction: A Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial,” Maturitas (2017) 99:20.

 

Neychev, V. and V. Mitev. “Pro-Sexual and Androgen-Enhancing Effects of Tribulus Terrestris: Fact or Fiction?” Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2016) 179:345.

 

Postigo, S. et al. “Assessment of the Effects of Tribulus Terrestris on Sexual Function of Menopausal Women,” Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia (2016)38:140.

 

Qureshi, A et al. “A Systematic Review on the Herbal Extract Tribulus Terrestris and the Roots of Its Putative Aphrodisiac and Performance-Enhancing Effect,” Journal of Dietary Supplements (2014) 11:64.

 

Roaiah, M.F. et al. “Prospective Analysis on the Effect of Botanical Medicine Tribulus Terrestris on Serum Testosterone Level and Semen Parameters in Males with Unexplained Infertility,” Journal of Dietary Supplements (2016) 23:1.

 

Roaiah, M.F. et al. “Pilot Study on the Effect of Botanical Medicine Tribulus Terrestris on Serum Testosterone Level and Erectile Function in Aging Males with Partial Androgen Deficiency,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2016) 42:297.

 

Do estrogen, androgens and Flibanserin (Addyi) increase women’s desire?

Achilli, C. et al. “Efficacy and Safety of Transdermal Testosterone in Postmenopausal Women with Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,” Fertility and Sterility (2017) 107:475.

 

Aftab, A. et al. “Flibanserin and Its Discontents,” Archives of Women’s Mental Health (2017) 20:243.

 

Bouchard, C. et al. “Effect of Intravaginal Dehydroepiandrosterone DHEA) on Female Sexual Function in Postmenopausal Women: ERC-230 Open-Label Study,” Hormones, Molecular Biology, and Clinical Investigations (2016) 25:181.

 

Cappelletti, M. and K. Wallen. “Increasing Women’s Sexual Desire: The Comparative Effectiveness of Estrogen and Androgens,” Hormones and Behavior (2016) 78:178.

 

Davis, S.R. et al. “Clinical Review: DHEA Replacement for Postmenopausal Women,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (2011) 96:1642.

 

Derogatis, L.R. et al. “Treatment of Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Premenopausal Women: Efficacy of Flibanserin in the VIOLET Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2012) 9:1074.

 

Eden, J.A. “DHEA Replacement for Postmenopausal Women: Placebo or Panacea?” Climacteric (2015) 18:439.

 

Fantasia, H.C. “Flibanserin and Female Sexual Desire,” Nursing and Women’s Health (2016) 20:309.

 

Fernandes, T. et al. “Efficacy of Vaginally Applied Estrogen, Testosterone, or Polyacrylic Acid on Sexual Function in Postmenopausal Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2014) 11:1262.

 

Fruhauf, S. et al. “Efficacy of Psychological Interventions for Sexual Dysfunction: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2013) 42:915.

 

Gao, Z. et al. “Efficacy and Safety of Flibanserin in Women with Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:2095.

 

Goldfischer, E.R. et al. “Continued Efficacy and Safety of Flibanserin in Premenopausal Women with Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder: Results from a Randomized Withdrawal Trial,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2011) 8:3160.

 

Jaspers, L. et al. “Efficacy and Safety of Flibanserin for the Treatment of Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Women: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,” JAMA Internal Medicine (2016) 176:453.

 

Jayne, C. et al. “Open-Label Extension Study of Flibanserin in Women with Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2102) 9:3180.

 

Katz, M. et al. “Efficacy of Flibanserin in Women with Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder: Results of the BEGONIA Trial,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2013) 10:1807.

 

Meixel, A. et al. “Hypoactive Sexual Desire: Inventing a Disease to Sell Low Libido,” Journal of Medical Ethics (2015) epub ahead of print.

 

Mintz, L.B. “Bibliotherapy for Low Sexual Desire: Evidence for Effectiveness,” Journal of Counseling Psychology (2012) 59:471.

 

Nappi, E. “Why Are There No FDA-Approved Treatments for Female Sexual Dysfunction?” Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy (2015) 16:1735.

 

Nappi, R.E. and L. Cucinella. “Advances in Pharmacotherapy for Treating Female Sexual Dysfunction,” Expert Opinion in Pharmacotherapy (2015) 16:875.

 

Panjari, M. and S.R. Davis. “DHEA for Postmenopausal Women: A Review of the Evidence,” Maturitas (2010) 66:172.

 

Pollack. A. “FDA Approves a Drug for Low Libido in Women,” New York Times, August 19, 2015.

 

Pollack, A. “FDA Pressed on ‘Women’s Viagra,”’ New York Times, June 1, 2015.

 

Pollack, A. “FDA Panel Backs ‘Women’s Viagra,”’ New York Times, June 5, 2015.

 

Portman, D.J. et al. “Flibanserin in Postmenopausal Women with Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder: Results of the PLUMERA Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2017) 14:834.

 

Reviriego, C. “Flibanserin for Female Sexual Dysfunction,” Drugs Today (2014) 50:549.

 

Scheffers, C.S. et al. “Dehydroepiandrosterone for Women in the Peri- or Postmenopausal Phase,” Cochrane Database Systematic Reviews (2015) 1:CD011066.

 

Simon, J.A. et al. “Efficacy and Safety of Flibanserin in Postmenopausal Women with Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder: Results of the SNOWDROP Trial,” Menopause (2014) 21:633.

 

Terrier, C. and J.E. Terrier. “Efficacy and Safety of Flibanserin, the “New Female Viagra:” Literature Review,” Progress in Urology (2016) 26:592.

 

Thorp, J. et al. “Treatment of Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder in Premenopausal Women: Efficacy of Flibanserin in the DAISY Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2012) 9:793.

 

Tungmunsakulchai, R. et al. “Effectiveness of Low-Dose Testosterone Undecanoate to Improve Sexual Function in Postmenopausal Women,” BMC Women’s Health (2015) 15:113.

 

Vale, F.B. et al. “Sexual Dysfunction in Premenopausal Women Could Be Related to Hormonal Profile,” Gynecology and Endocrinology (2017) 33:145.

 

Wierman, M.E et al. “Androgen Therapy in Women: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (2014) 99:3489.

 

Woloshin, S. and L.M. Schwartz. “U.S. Food and Drug Administration Approvalof Flibanserin: ‘Even the Score’ Does Not Add Up,” JAMA Internal Medicine (2016) 176:439.

 

For many women desire is the not cause of sex, but it’s result

Basson, R. “Women’s Sexual Function and Dysfunction: Current Uncertainties, Future Directions,” International Journal of Impotence Research (2008) 20:466.

 

Basson, R. et al. “Assessment and Management of Women’s Sexual Dysfunctions: Problematic Desire and Arousal,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2005) 2:291.

 

Basson, R. “Women’s Sexual Dysfunctions: Revised and Expanded Definitions,” CMAJ [Canadian Medical Association Journal] (2005) 172:1327.

 

Basson, R. “Recent Advances in Women’s Sexual Function and Dysfunction,” Menopause (2004) 11(6 Pt. 2):714.

 

Basson, R. “A Model of Women’s Sexual Arousal,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2002) 28:1.

 

Basson, R. “Women’s Sexual Desire—Disordered or Misunderstood?” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2002) 28(Suppl 1):17.

 

Basson, R. “Using a Different Model for Female Sexual Response to Address Women’s Problematic Low Sexual Desire,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2001) 27:395.

 

Basson, R. “Human Sexual Response Cycles,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2001) 27:33.

 

Basson, R. “The Female Sexual Response: A Different Model,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2000) 26:51.

 

Brotto. L.A. et al. “Predictors of Sexual Desire Disorder in Women,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2011) 8:742.

 

Brotto, L.A. et al. “Narratives of Desire in Mid-Age Women With and Without Arousal Difficulties,” Journal of Sex Research (2009) 46:387.

Graham, C.A. et al. “Turning On and Turning Off: A Focus Group Study of the Factors That Affect Women’s Sexual Arousal,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2004) 33:527.

Kingsberg, S.A. and R.L. Rezaee. “Hypoactive Sexual Desire in Women,” Menopause (2013) 20:1284.

 

Laan, E. et al. “Determinants of Subjective Experience of Sexual Arousal in Women: Feedback from Genital Arousal and Erotic Stimulus Content,” Psychophysiology (1995) 32:444.

Maserejian, N.N. et al. “The Presentation of Hypoactive Sexual Desire in Premenopausal Women,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7:3439.

 

Seagraves, R. and T. Woodard. “Female Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder: History and Current Status,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2006) 3:408.

 

Simon, J.A. “Low Sexual Desire: Is It All in Her Head? Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder,” Postgraduate Medicine (2010) 122:128.

 

  1. Women’s Orgasms

Wives’ top sexual complaint during the 1920s—no orgasm during partner sex

https://sexademic.wordpress.com/2010/03/19/before-there-was-kinsey-mosher-davis-and-dickinson-surveyed-victorian-sex/

Studies of women and orgasm

Andersen, B.L. and J.M. Cyranowski. “Women’s Sexuality: Behaviors, Responses, and Individual Differences,” Journal of Counseling Psychology (1995) 63:891.

 

Fisher, W.A. et al. “Individual and Partner Correlates of Sexual Satisfaction and Relationship Happiness in Midlife Couples: Dyadic Analysis of the International Survey of Relationships,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2105) 44:1609.

 

Haavio Mannila, E. and O. Kontula. “Correlates of Increased Sexual Satisfaction,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1997) 26:399.

 

Hite, S. The Hite Report: A Nationwide Study of Female Sexuality. Macmillan, NY, 1976.

 

Kinsey, A. Sexual Behavior in the Human Male. W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, 1948.

 

Kinsey, A. Sexual Behavior in the Human Female. W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, 1953.

 

Komisaruk, B.R. et al. The Science of Orgasm. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 2006.

 

Laumann, E.O. et al. The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1994.

 

Leonhardt, N.D. et al. “The Significance of the Female Orgasm: A Nationally Representative, Dyadic Study of Newlyweds’ Orgasm Experience,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2018) 15:1140.

 

Masters, W. and V. Johnson. Human Sexual Response. Little Brown, NY, 1966.

 

Masters, W. and V. Johnson. Human Sexual Inadequacy. Little Brown, NY, 1970.

 

Moynihan, R. “The Making of a Disease: Female Sexual Dysfunction,” BMJ (formerly British Medical Journal (2003) 326:45.

 

Rowland, D.L. et al. “Women’s Attributions Regarding Why They Have Difficulty Reaching Orgasm,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2018) 44:475.

 

Salisbury, C.M.A. and W.A. Fisher. “’Did You Come?’ A Qualitative Exploration of Gender Differences in Beliefs, Experiences, and Concerns Regarding Female Orgasm Occurrence During Heterosexual Sexual Interactions,” Journal of Sex Research (2014) 51:616.

 

Wade, L.D. et al. “The Incidental Orgasm: The Presence of Clitoral Knowledge and the Absence of Orgasm for Women,” Women and Health (2005) 42:117.

 

The Australian study of the sexual moves that produce women’s orgasms

Richters, J. et al. “Sexual Practices at Last Heterosexual Encounter and Occurrence of Orgasm in a National Survey,” Journal of Sex Research (2006) 43:217.

 

Women are more reliably orgasmic from solo sex

Rowland, D.L et al. “Orgasmic Latency and Related Parameters in Women During Partnered and Masturbatory Sex,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2018) 15:1463.

 

More than one-third of women said direct clitoral stimulation is necessary for orgasm

Herbenick, D. et al. “Women’s Experience with Genital Touching, Sexual Pleasure, and Orgasm: Results from a U.S. Probability Sample of Women Age 14 to 94,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2018) 44:201.

 

Comparison of orgasm rates—lesbians vs. heterosexual women

Coleman, E.M. et al. “Arousability and Sexual Satisfaction in Lesbian and Heterosexual Women,” Journal of Sex Research (1983) 19:58.

Frederick, D.A.et al. “Differences In Orgasm Frequency Among Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Heterosexual Men and Women in a U.S. National Sample,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2017) epub ahead of print.

 

Gender differences, PornHub searches of “cunnilingus,” “pussy eating”

https://www.pornhub.com/insights/2018-year-in-review

 

The analysis of 33 studies of women’s orgasms

Lloyd, E. The Case of the Female Orgasm: Bias in the Science of Evolution. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 2005.

 

Helping women to orgasm is key to men’s sexual self-esteem

Chadwick, S.B. et al. “Do Women’s Orgasms Function as a Masculinity Achievement for Men?” Journal of Sex Research (2017) 54:1141.

 

Faking orgasm

Fahs, B. “Coming to Power: Women’s Fake Orgasms and Best Orgasm Experiences Illuminate the Failures of (Hetero)sex and the Pleasures of Connection,” Culture, Health, and Sexuality (2014) 16:974.

 

Jern, P. et al. “A Longitudinal Assessment of Associations Between Women’s Tendency to Pretend Orgasm, Orgasm Function, and Intercourse-Related Pain in Different Partner Relationship Constellations,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2018) 47:671.

 

McCoy, M.G. et al. “Development and Initial Psychometric Assessment of the ‘Reasons for Pretending Orgasm’ Inventory,” Evolutionary Psychology (2015) 13:129.

 

Muehlenhard, C.L and S.K. Shippee. “Men’s and Women’s Reports of Pretending Orgasm,” Journal of Sex Research (2010) 47:552.

 

The Coital Alignment Technique

Eichel, E.W. et al. “The Technique of Coital Alignment and Its Relation to Female Orgasmic Response and Simultaneous Orgasm,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (1988) 14:129.

 

Eichel, E. and P. Noblie. The Perfect Fit. Dutton, NY, 1992.

 

Hurlbert, D.F. and C. Apt. “The Coital Alignment Technique and Directed Masturbation: A Comparative Study of Female Orgasm,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (1995) 21:21.

 

Kaplan, H.S. “Does the CAT Technique Enhance Female Orgasm?” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (1992) 18:285.

 

Pierce, A.P. “The Coital Alignment Technique 9(AT): An Overview of Studies,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2000) 26:257.

 

For women who have trouble with orgasm

Hitachi Magic Wand: https://hitachimagic.com/hitachi-magic-wand/magic-wand/?gclid=Cj0KCQiA0vnQBRDmARIsAEL0M1lWadZG5V0YPlV1sX4a36bVTxUK-zUZobU7Us913nwMZX7RrtrFR5waAvqBEALw_wcB

Or

https://www.amazon.com/Magic-Wand-Massager-Essentials-Controller/dp/B0089175GE/ref=sr_1_5_s_it?s=hpc&ie=UTF8&qid=1511994705&sr=1-5&keywords=Hitachi+Magic+Wand

 

Becoming Orgasmic: A Sexual and Personal Growth Program for Women by Julia Heiman, Ph.Dand Joseph LoPiccolo, Ph.D. Fireside/Simon and Schuster, 1987 (revised edition).

 

Better Sex Video: Becoming Orgasmic. Based on the book. Directed by Mark Schoen. 1993.

 

Why women have orgasms

Kratochvil, S. “The Duration of Female Orgasm,” Cesk Psychiatry [Czech journal]. (1993) 89:296.

 

Puts, D.A. et al. “Why Women Have Orgasms: An Evolutionary Analysis,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2012) 4:1127.

 

Simons, A.M. “Why Do Men Have Nipples?” Scientific American (2003) Sept 17.

 

  1. Women’s Sexual Pain

Prevalence of sexual pain

Herbenick, D. et al. “Pain Experienced During Vaginal and Anal Intercourse with Other-Sex Partners: Findings from a Nationally Representative Probability Sample,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015)12:1040.

 

Laumann, E.O et al. The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States, University of Chicago Press, 1994.

 

Laumann, E.O. et al. “Sexual Dysfunction Among Older Adults: Prevalence and Risk Factors from a Nationally Representative U.S. Probability Sample of Men and Women 57-85 Years of Age,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2008) 5:2300.

 

Types, and possible causes of women’s sexual pain

Bergeron, S. et al. “Surgical and Behavioral Treatments for Vestibulodynia: Two and One-Half Year Follow-up and Predictors of Outcome,” Obstetrics and Gynecology (2008) 111:159.

 

Binik, Y.M. et al. “Female Sexual Pain Disorders: Genital Pain or Sexual Dysfunction?” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2002) 31:425.

 

Boyer, S.C. and C.F. Pukall. “Pelvic Examination Experiences in Women With and Without Chronic Pain During Intercourse,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2014) 11:3035.

Braksmajer, A. “Struggles for Medical Legitimacy Among Women Experiencing Sexual Pain: A Qualitative Study,” Women’s Health (20    17) 15:1.

 

Burri, A. et al. “Female Sexual Pain: Epidemiology and Genetic Overlap with Chronic Widespread Pain,” European Journal of Pain (2017) 21:1408.

 

Dargie, E. and C.F. Pukall. “Women in Sexual Pain: Exploring the Manifestations of Vulodynia,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2016) 42:309.

 

Dunn, K.M. et al. “Systematic Review of Sexual Problems: Epidemiology and Methodology,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2002) 28:399.

 

Graziottin, A. “Clinical Approach to Dyspareunia,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2001) 27:489-501.

 

Graziottin, A. et al. “Vulvodynia: The Challenge of Unexplained Genital Pain,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2001) 27:503-512.

 

Graziottin, A. “Etiology and Diagnosis of Coital Pain,” Journal of Endocrinological Investigations (2003) 26(3 Suppl):115.

 

Graziottin, A. and L.A. Brotto. “Vulvar Vestibulitis: A Clinical Approach,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2004) 30:125.

 

Hayes, R.D. et al. “What is the ‘True’ Prevalence of Female Sexual Dysfunction and Does the Way We Assess These Conditions Have an Impact?” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2008) 5:777.

 

Heiman, J.R. “Sexual Dysfunction: Overview of Prevalence, Etiological Factors, and Treatments,” Journal of Sex Research (2002) 39:73.

 

Lamont, John, et al. “Psychosexual and Social Profiles of Women with Vulvodynia,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2001) 27:551-555.

 

Leclerc, B. et al. “History of Sexual and Physical Abuse in Women with Dyspareunia: Association with Pain, Psychosocial Adjustment, and Sexual Functioning,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7(2 Part 2):971.

 

Maseroli, E. et al. “Outcome of Medical and Psychosexual Interventions for Vaginismus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2018) 15:1752.

 

Nault, T. et al. “Does a History of Bullying and Abuse Predict Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms, Chronic Pain, and Sexual Dysfunction?” International Urology and Nephrology (2016) 48:1783.

 

Parada, M. et al. “Clitorodynia: A Descriptive Study of Clitoral Pain,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:1772.

 

Rancourt, K.M. et al. “It Takes Two: Sexual Communication Patterns and the Sexual and Relational Adjustment of Couples Coping with Provoked Vestibulodynia,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2017) 14:434.

 

Reissing, E.D. et al. “Vaginal Spasm, Pain, and Behavior: An Empirical Investigation of the Diagnosis of Vaginismus,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2004) 33:5.

 

Schliep, K.C. et al. “Sexual and Physical Abuse and Gynecologic Disorders,” Human Reproduction (2016) 31:1904.

 

Simons, J.S. and M.P. Carey. “Prevalence of Sexual Dysfunctions: Results from a Decade of Research,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2001) 30:177.

 

Weijmar-Schultz, W. et al. “Women’s Sexual Pain and Its Management,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2005) 2:301.

 

Yosef, A. “Multifactorial Contributors to the Severity of Chronic Pelvic Pain in Women,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (2016) 215:760.

 

Sexual adjustments can reduce sexual pain

Al-Abbadey, M. et al. “Treatment of Female Sexual Pain Disorders: A Systematic Review,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2016) 42:99.

 

Anderson, A.B. et al. “Associations Between Penetration Cognitions, Genital Pain, and Sexual Well-Being in Women with Provoked Vestibulodynia,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2016) 13:444.

 

Binik, Y.M. et al. “The Female Sexual Pain Disorders: Genital Pain or Sexual Dysfunction?” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2002) 31:425.

 

Flink, I.K. et al. “Coping with Pain in Intimate Situations: Applying the Avoidance-Endurance Model to Women with Vulvovaginal Pain,” Scandinavian Journal of Pain (2017) epub ahead of print.

 

Other effective treatments

Bergeron, S et al. “A Randomized Comparison of Group Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, Biofeedback, and Vestibulectomy in the Treatment of Dyspareunia Resulting from Vulvar Vestibulitis,” Pain (2001) 91:297.

 

Bergeron, S. et al. “Surgical and Behavioral Treatments for Vetibulodynia: Two and One-Half Year Follow-up and Predictors of Outcome,” Obstetrics and Gynecology (2008) 111:159.

 

Bergeron, S. et al. “A Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing Group Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and a Topical Steroid for Women with Dyspareunia,” Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology (2016) 84:259.

 

Boerner, K.E. and N.O. Rosen. “Acceptance of Vulvovaginal Pain in Women with Provoked Vestibuldynia and Their Partners: Associations with Pain, Psychological, and Sexual Adjustment,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:1450.

 

Danielsson, I. et al. “EMG Biofeedback Vs.Topical Lidocaine Gel: A Randomized Study for the Treatment of Women with Vulvar Vestibulitis,” Acta Obstetrica Gynecoligica Scandinavica (2006) 85:1360.

 

Goldfinger, C. et al. “Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and Physical Terhapy for Provoked Vestibulodynia: A Randomized Pilot Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2016) 13:88.

 

Herbenick, D. et al. “Pain Experienced During Vaginal and Anal Intercourse with Other-Sex Partners: Findings from a Nationally Representative Probability Sample,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015)12:1040.

 

Huang, A.J. et al. “Development and Feasibility of a Group-Based Therapeutic Yoga Program for Women with Chronic Pelvic Pain,” Pain Medicine (2017) 18:1864.

 

Kandyba, K. and Y.M. Binik. “Hypnotherapy as a Treatment for Vulvar Vestibulitis Syndrome: A Case Report,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2003) 29:237.

 

Lemieux, A.J. et al. “Do Romantic Partners’ Responses to Entry Dyspareunia Affect Women’s Experience of Pain? The Role of Catastrophizing and Self-Efficacy,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2013) 10:2274.

 

MacReady, N. “Biofeedback, Kegels Can Ease Pain in Vestibulitis,” Family Practice News 9-1-2003.

 

Metts, JF. “Vulvodynia and Vuylvar Vestibulitis: Challenges in Diagnosis and Management,” American Family Physician 3-15-1999. 59:1547.

 

Pukall, C. et al. “Effectiveness of Hypnosis for the Treatment of Vulvar Vestibulitis Syndrome: A Preliminary Investigation,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2007) 4:417.

 

Rancourt, K.M. et al. “Talking About Sex When Sex is Painful: Dyadic Sexual Communication Is Associated with Women’s Pain, and Couple’s Sexual and Psychological Outcomes in Provoked Vestibulodynia,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2016) 45:1933.

 

Schlaeger, J.M. et al. “Acupuncture for the Treatment of Vulodynia: A Randomiozed, Wait-List Controlled Pilot Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:1019.

 

TerKuile, M.M. and P.T.M. Weijenborg. “A Cognitive-Behavioral Group Program for Women with Vulvar Destibulitis Syndrome (VVS): Factors Associated with Treatment Success,” Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy (2006) 32:199.

 

Thomten, J. et al. “Fear Avoidance and Pain Catastrophizing Among Women with Sexual Pain,” Women’s Health (London) (2014) 10:571.

 

Intrarosa

Archer, D.F. et al. “Treatment of Pain at Sexual Activity (Dyspareunia) with Intravaginal Dehydroepiandosterone (Prasterone),” Menopause (2015) 22:950.

 

Labrie, F. et al. “Efficacy of Intravaginal Dehydroepiandosterone (DHEA) on Moderate to Severe Dyspareunia and Vaginal Dryness, Symptoms of Vulvovaginal Atrophy, and of the Genitourinary Syndrome of Menopause,” Menopause (2016) 23:243.

 

Labrie, F. et al. “Combined Data of Intravaginal Prasterone Against Vulvovaginal Atrophy of Menopause,” Menopause (2017) 24:1246.

 

Labrie, F. et al. “Effect of Intravaginal Prasterone on Sexual Dysfunction in Postmenopausal Women with Vulvovaginal Atrophy,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:2401.

 

Labrie, F. et al. “Influence of Treatment of Vulvovaginal Atrophy with Intravaginal Prasterone on the Male Partner,” Climacteric (2015) 18:817.

 

Voelker, R. “Relief for Painful Intercourse,” Journal of the American Medical Association (2017) 317:18.

Men may also suffer sexual pain

Herbenick, D. et al. “Pain Experienced During Vaginal and Anal Intercourse with Other-Sex Partners: Findings from a Nationally Representative Probability Sample,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:1040.

 

  1. Anal Sex

Heterosexual couples account for most anal play

Voeller, B. “AIDS and Heterosexual Anal Intercourse,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1991) 20:233.

 

History of anal sex

McBride, KR and JD Fortenberry. “Heterosexual Anal Sexuality and Anal Sex Behaviors: A Review,” Journal of Sex Research (2010) 47:123.

 

Prevalence of anal sex

Benson, L.S. et al. “Correlates of Heterosexual Anal Intercourse Among Women in the 1006-1010 National Survey of Family Growth,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:1746.

Copen, C.E. et al. “Sexual Behavior, Sexual Attraction, and Sexual Orientation Among Adults Aged 18-44 in the United States: Data from the 2011-2013 Natural Survey of Family Growth,” National Health Statistics Reports (2016) 7:1.

Halperin, D.T. “Heterosexual Anal Intercourse: Prevalence Cultural Factors, and HIV Infection and Other Health Risks, Part I,” AIDS Patient Care and STDs (1999) 13:717.

Herbenick, D. et al. “Sexual Behavior in the United States: Results from a National Probability Sample of Men and Women Ages 14-94,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7(Suppl 5):255.

Hess, K.L. et al. “Prevalence and Correlates of Heterosexual Anal Intercourse Among Men and Women, 20 U.S. Cities,” AIDS Behavior (2016) 20:2966.

Heywood, W. and A.M. Smith. “Anal Sex Practices in Heterosexual and Male Homosexual Populations: A Review of Population-Based Data,” Sex and Health (2012) 9:517.

Hemorrhoids and anal sex

Johanson, J.F. and A. Sonnenberg. “The Prevalence of Hemorrhoids and Chronic Constipation: An Epidemiologic Study,” Gastroenterology (1990) 98:380.

Mounsey, A.L. et al. “Hemorrhoids,” American Family Physician (2011) 84:204.

Riss, S. et al. “The Prevalence of Hemorrhoids in Adults,” International Journal of Colorectal Diseases (2012) 27:215.

Heterosexual anal intercourse is increasingly popular

Brody, S. and P. Weiss. “Heterosexual Anal Intercourse: Increasing Prevalence, and Association with Sexual Dysfunction, Bisexual Behavior, and Venereal Disease History,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2011) 37:298.

“The Bottom Line,” New York Magazine, Oct. 25, 2007.

Initial anal play is often unplanned

Reynolds, G.L. et al. “Why Women Engage in Anal Intercourse: Results from a Qualitative Study,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2015) 44:983.

Why women engage in anal sex

Maynard, E. et al. “Women’s Experiences with Anal Sex: Motivations and Implications for STD Prevention,” Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health (2009) 41:142.

McBride, K.R. “Heterosexual Women’s Anal Sex Attitudes and Motivations: A Focus Group Study,” Journal of Sex Research (2017) epub ahead of print.

Reynolds, G.L. et al. “Why Women Engage in Anal Intercourse: Results from a Qualitative Study,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2015) 44:983.

General guides to anal play

Morin, J. Anal Pleasure and Health: A Guide for Men and Women (3rd ed.) Down There Press, San Francisco, 1998.

Taormino, T. The Ultimate Guide to Anal Sex for Women. Cleis Press, San Francisco, 1998.

Until 1961, oral sex was illegal throughout the U.S.

https://www.alternet.org/story/154847/understanding_the_right%27s_fear_of_sex%3A_how_america%27s_absurd_oral_sex_and_sodomy_laws_were_overturned

Some men receive

Herbenick, D. et al. “Sexual Behavior in the United States: Results from a National Probability Sample of Men and Women Ages 14-94,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7(Suppl 5):255.

Pain during anal intercourse

Herbenick, D. et al. “Pain Experienced During Vaginal and Anal Intercourse with Other-Sex Partners: Findings from a Nationally Representative Probability Study in the United States,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:1040.

 

Stulhofer, A. and D. Ajdukovic. “Should We Take Anodyspareunia Seriously? A Descriptive Analysis of Pain During Receptive Anal Intercourse in Young Heterosexual Women,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2011) 37:346.

 

  1. Consensual Non-Monogamy

Orgies through the ages

Berkowitz, E. Sex and Punishment: Four Thousand Years of Judging Desire. Counterpoint, Berkeley, CA, 2012.

 

D’Emilio, J. and E.B. Freedman. Intimate Matters: A History of Sexuality in America. University of Chicago Press, 2012.

 

Gould, T. The Lifestyle: A Look at the Erotic Rites of Swingers. Vintage Canada 1999.

 

Partridge, B. A History of Orgies. Prion Books, London, 2002.

 

Ryan, C. and C. Jetha. Sex At Dawn: The Prehistoric Origins of Modern Sexuality. HarperCollins, 2010.

 

Tannahill, R. Sex in History. Stein and Day, NY, 1980.

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bacchanalia

 

https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/hide-and-seek/201707/the-history-and-psychology-the-orgy

 

How many Americans engage in occasional non-monogamy?

Bairstow, A. “Couples Exploring Nonmonogamy: Guidelines for Therapists,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2017) 43:343.

 

Bergstrand, C. and J.B. Williams. “Today’s Alternative Marriage Styles: The Case of Swingers,” Electronic Journal of Human Sexuality (2000) www.ejhs.org/volume3/swing/body.htm.

 

Haupert, M.L. et al. ”Prevalence of Experiences with Consensual Non-Monogamous Relationships: Findings from Two National Samples of Single Americans,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2017) 43:424.

 

Herbenick, D. et al. “Sexual Diversity in the United States: Results from a Nationally Representative Probability Sample of Adult Women and Men,” PLoS One (2017) 12:7:e0181198.

 

Jenks, RT. “Swinging: A Review of the Literature,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1998) 27:507

 

Levine, E.C. et al. “Open Relationships, Nonconsensual Non-monogamy, and Monogamy Among U.S. Adults: Findings from the 2012 National Survey of Sexual Health and Behavior,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2018) 47:1439.

 

Are swingers psychologically healthy?

Barker, M. “This Is My Partner, and This Is My Partner’s Partner: Constructing Polyamorous Identity in a Monogamous World,” Journal of Constructivist Psychology (2005) 18:75.

 

Bergstrand, C. and J.B. Williams. “Today’s Alternative Marriage Styles: The Case of Swingers,” Electronic Journal of Human Sexuality (2000) www.ejhs.org/volume3/swing/body.htm.

 

Conley, T.D. et al. “The Fewer the Merrier? Assessing Stogma Surrounding Consensually Mon-Monogamous Romantic Relationships,” Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy (2013) 13:1.

 

DeVisser, R. and D. McDonald. “Swings and Roundabouts: Management of Jealousy in Heterosexual Swinging Couples,” British Journal of Social Psychology (2007) 46:459.

 

Dixon, D. “Perceived Sexual Satisfaction and Marital Happiness of Bisexual and Heterosexual Swinging Husbands,” Journal of Homosexuality (1985) 11:209.

 

Dominus, S. “Not Just Us: Is an Open Marriage a Happier Marriage?” New York Times Magazine, May14, 2017.

 

Duckworth, J. and E.E. Levitt. “Personality Analysis of a Swingers Club,” Lifestyles (1985) 8:35.

 

Jenks, R.J. Swinging: A Test of Two Theories and a Proposed New Model,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1985) 14:517.

 

Jenks, RT. “Swinging: A Review of the Literature,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1998) 27:507.

 

Mogilskim J.K. et al. “Monogamy Versus Consensual Non-Monogamy: Alternative Approaches to Pursuing a Strategically Pluralistic Mating Strategy,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2017) 46:407.

 

Rubel, A.N. and A.F. Bogaert. “Consensual Nonmonogamy: Psychological Well-Being and Relationship Quality Correlates,” Journal of Sex Research (2015) 52:961.

 

Rubin, A.M. “Sexually Open vs. Sexually Exclusive Marriages: A Comparison of Dyadic Adjustment,” Alternative Lifestyles (1982) 5:101.

 

Rubin, A.M. and J.R. Adams. “Outcomes of Sexually Open Marriages,” Journal of Sex Research (1986) 22:311.

 

Do men coerce women into non-monogamy?

Dominus, S. “Not Just Us: Is an Open Marriage a Happier Marriage?” New York Times Magazine, May14, 2017.

 

Gould, T. The Lifestyle: A Look at the Erotic Rites of Swingers. Vintage (Canada) 1999.

 

How to explore consensual non-monogamy—happily

Bairstow, A. “Couples Exploring Non-Monogamy: Guidelines for Therapists,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2017) 43:343.

 

Easton, D. and J.W. Hardy. The Ethical Slut: A Guide to Infinite Sexual Possibilities. Ten Speed Press, Berkeley, CA, 2009.

 

Gould, T. The Lifestyle: A Look at the Rites of Swingers. Vintage Canada, 1999.

 

Grunt-Mejer, K. and C. Campbell. “Around Consensual Nonmonogamies: Assessing Attitudes Toward Nonexclusive Relationships,” Journal of Sex Research (2016) 53:45.

 

Joannides, P. Guide to Getting It On. Goofy Foot Press, Oregon, 2009.

 

Lehmiller, J.J. “A Comparison of Sexual Health History and Practices Among Monogamous and Consensually Nonmonogamous Sexual Partners,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:2022.

 

O’Neil, N. and G. Open Marriage: A New Lifestyle for Couples. M. Evans & Co., 1984.

 

Peabody, S.A. “Alternative Life Styles to Monogamous Marriage: Variants of Normal Behavior in Psychotherapy Clients,” Family Relations (1982) 31:425.

 

Pincus, T. It’s Called Polyamory: Coming Out About Your Nonmonogamous Relationships. Thorntree Press, Portland, OR, 2017.

 

Platteau, T. “Sexual Behavior and Sexually Transmitted Infections Among Swingers: Results from an Online Survey in Belgium,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2017) 43:709.

 

Rodrigues, D. et al. “’We Agree and Now Everything Goes My Way:’ Consensual Sexual Monogamy, Extradyadic Sex, and Relationship Satisfaction,” Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking (2016) 19:373.

 

Taormino, T. Opening Up: A Guide to Creating and Sustaining Open Relationships. Cleis Press, San Francisco, 2008.

 

Women who enjoy gangbangs

Dixon, J. and D. Dixon. “Banging a Gang: Women Who Seek Group Sex with Men,” Libido: The Journal of Sex and Sensibility. 1999.

 

  1. BDSM

The Marquis De Sade and Leopold von Sacher-Masoch

Berkowitz, E. Sex and Punishment. Counterpoint, Berkeley CA, 2012.

 

De Sade. Justine, Or the Misfortunes of Virtue. Oxford University Press, 2013. https://www.amazon.com/Justine-Misfortunes-Virtue-Oxford-Classics/dp/0199572844/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1514921032&sr=1-1&keywords=justine+marquis+de+sade

 

Sacher-Masoch, L. Venus in Furs. Penguin, 1999. https://www.amazon.com/Venus-Furs-Publisher-Penguin-Classics/dp/B004V0076C/ref=pd_sbs_14_4?_encoding=UTF8&pd_rd_i=B004V0076C&pd_rd_r=90HYRPND3XWK7VJNZF6T&pd_rd_w=EWm2t&pd_rd_wg=4Ytwa&psc=1&refRID=90HYRPND3XWK7VJNZF6T

 

Tannahill, R. Sex inHistory. Stein & Day, NY, 1982.

 

Vatsyayana. Kamasutra. Oxford University Press, 2002.

https://www.amazon.com/Kamasutra-Oxford-Classics-Mallanaga-Vatsyayana/dp/0199539162/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1514921216&sr=1-1&keywords=Kamasutra+Doniger

 

Domination, submission, and the human condition

Janus, S. et al. A Sexual Profile of Men in Power. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NY, 1977.

 

How popular is BDSM?

Byers, E.S. et al. “Sexual Intrusive Thoughts of College Students,” Journal of Sex Research (1998) 35:359.

 

Eveleth, R. “Americans Are More Into BDSM Than the Rest of the World,” Smithsonian, Feb. 10, 2014.

 

Herbenick, D. et al. “Sexual Diversity in the United States: Results from a Nationally Representative Probability Sample of Adult Men and Women,” PLoS One. July 20, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0181198.

 

Holvoet, L. et al. “Fifty Shades of Belgian Gray: The Prevalence of BDSM-Related Fantasies and Activities in the General Population,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2017) 14:1152.

 

Joyal C.C. and J. Carpenter. “The Prevalence of Paraphilic Interests and Behaviors in the General Population: A Provincial Survey,” Journal of Sex Research (2017) 54:161.

 

Pascoal, P.M. et al. “Sexual Satisfaction and Distress in Sexual Functioning in a Sample of the BDSM Community: A Comparison Study Between BDSM and non-BDSM Contexts,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:1052.

 

Williams, K.M. et al. “Inferring Sexually Deviant Behavior from Corresponding Fantasies: The Role of Personality and Pornography Consumption,” Criminal Justice and Behavior (2009) 36:198.

 

Wright. S. Second National Survey of Violence Against Sexual Minorities.

https://ncsfreedom.org/images/stories/pdfs/BDSM_Survey/2008_bdsm_survey_analysis_final.pdf

 

Are BDSM players mentally healthy?

Connolly, P. “Psychological Functioning of Bondage, Discipline, and Sad-Masochism (BDSM) Practitioners,” Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality [now the International Journal of Sexual Health] (2006) 18:79.

 

Daleiden, E.L. et al. “The Sexual Histories and Fantasies of Youthful Males: A Comparison of Sexual Offending, Non-Sexual Offending, and Non-Offending Groups,” Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment (1998) 10:195.Dworkin, A. Woman Hating. E.P Dutton, NY 1974

 

Faccio, E. et al. “Forbidden Games: The Construction of Sexuality and Sexual Pleasure by BDSM ‘Players,’” Culture, Health, and Sexuality (2014) 16:752.

 

Klein, M. and C. Moser. “SM (Sado-masochistic) Interest as an Issues in a Child Custody Proceeding,” Journal of Homosexuality (2006) 50:322.

 

Olivera, W. et al. “Unconventional Sexual Behaviors and their Associations with Physical, Mental, and Sexual Health Parameters: A Study in 18 Large Brazilian Cities,” Revista Brasiliera de Psiquiatria (2010) 32:264.

 

Pascoal, P.M. et al. “Sexual Satisfaction and Distress in Sexual Functioning in a Sample of the BDSM Community: A Comparison Study Between BDSDM and non-BDSM Contexts,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:1052.

 

Renaud, C.A. and E.S. Byers. “Exploring the Frequency, Diversity, and Content of University Students’ Positive and Negative Sexual Cognitions,” Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality (1999) 8:17.

 

Richters, J. et al. “Demographic and Psychological Features of Participants in Bondage, Discipline, Sado-Masochism, or Dominance and Submission (BDSM): Data from a National Survey,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2008) 5:1660.

 

Sagarin, B.J. et al. “Hormonal Changes and Couple Bonding in Consensual Sado-Masochistic Activity,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2009) 38:186.

 

Williams, D. et al. “Is Bondage and Discipline, Dominance and Submission, and Sado-Masochism Recreational Leisure? A Descriptive Exploratory Investigation,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2016) 13:1091.

 

Wismeijer, A.A. and M.A. Van Assen. “Psychological Characteristics of BDSM Practitioners,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2013) 10:1943.

 

BDSM play

Federoff, J.P. “Sadism, Sadomasochism, Sex, and Violence,” Canadian Journal of Psychiatry (2008) 53:637.

 

Hebert, A. and A. Weaver. “Perks, Problems, and the People Who Play: A qualitative Exploration of Dominant and Submissive BDSM Roles,” Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality (2015) 24:49.

 

Jozifkova, E. “Consensual Sadomasochistic Sex (BDSM): The Roots, The Risks, and the Distinction Between BDSM and Violence,” Current Psychiatry Reports (2013) 15:392.

 

Miller P. and M. Devon. Screw the Roses, Send Me The Thorns: The Romance and Sexual Sorcery of Sadomasochism. Mystic Rose Books, 1995,

https://www.amazon.com/Screw-Roses-Send-Thorns-Sadomasochism/dp/0964596008/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1515010314&sr=1-1&keywords=screw+the+roses+send+me+the+thorns

 

Moser, C. and E. Levitt. “An Exploratory Descriptive Study of a Sadomasochistically Oriented Sample,” Journal of Sex Research (1987) 23:322.

 

Moser, C. and P. Kleinplatz. “Introduction: The State of Our Knowledge on SM,” The Journal of Homosexuality (2006) 50:1.

 

Renaud, C.A. and S.E. Byers. “Positive and Negative Cognitions of Sexual Submission: Relationship to Sexual Violence,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2006) 35:483.

Simula, B.L. “A ‘Different Economy of Bodies and Pleasures?’ Differentiating and Evaluating Sex and Sexual BDSB Experiences,” Journal of Homosexuality (2017) epub ahead of print.

 

Taomino, T. Fifty Shades of Kink: An Introduction to BDSM. Cleis Press, San Francisco, 2014.

https://www.amazon.com/50-Shades-Kink-Introduction-BDSM/dp/1627780300/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1515011393&sr=1-1&keywords=fifty+shades+of+kink

 

Wiseman, J. SM 101: A Realistic Introduction. Greenery Press, 1996

https://www.amazon.com/101-Realistic-Introduction-Jay-Wiseman/dp/0963976389/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1515010204&sr=1-1&keywords=BDSM+101

 

How kinky women play

Rehor, J.E. “Sensual, Erotic, and Sexual Behaviors of Women from the ‘Kink’ Community,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2015) 44:825.

 

Breslow, N. et al. “On the Prevalence and Roles of Females in the Sadomasochistic Subculture: Report of an Empirical Study,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1985) 14:303.

 

Levitt, E. et al. “The Prevalence and Some Attributes of Females in the Sadomasochistic Subculture: A Second Report,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1994) 23:465.

 

BDSM might deter sexual assault

Klement, K.R. et al. “Participating in a Culture of Consent May Be Assocaited with Lower Rape-Supportive Beliefs,” Journal of Sex Research (2017) 54:130.

 

  1. Lesbian, Gay, Bi, Trans, Intersex, Asexual

How many lesbians/gays?

Copen, C.E. et al. “Sexual Behavior, Sexual Attraction, and Sexual Orientation Among Adults Aged18-44 in the United States: Data from the 2011-2013 National Survey of Family Growth,” National Health Statistics Report (2016) 7:1.

 

Gates, G.J. “How Many People Are Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender?” The Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law, 2011.

 

Spiegelhalter, D. “Is 10% of the Population Really Gay?” The Guardian. April 5, 2015.

 

Ward, B.W. et al. “Sexual Orientation and Health Among U.S. Adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2013,” National Health Statistics Report, #77, July 15, 2014.

 

Straight vs. gays/lesbians: Any differences in sexual satisfaction?

Cardell, M. et al. “Sex-Role Identity, Sex-Role Behavior, and Satisfaction in Heterosexual, Lesbian, and Gay Male Couples,” Psychology of Women Quarterly (1981) 5:488.

 

Coleman, E.M. et al. “Arousability and Sexual Satisfaction in Lesbian and Heterosexual Women,” Journal of Sex Research (1983) 19:58.

 

Duffy, S.M et al. “Satisfaction and Commitment in Homosexual and Heterosexual Relationships,” Journal of Homosexuality (1985-86) 12:1.

 

Henderson, A.W. et al. “Ecological Models of Sexual Satisfaction Among Lesbian/Bisexual and Heterosexual Women,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2009) 38:50.

 

Holmberg, D. et al. “Women’s Sexual Satisfaction as a Predictor of Well-Being in Same-Sex Versus Mixed-Sex Relationships,” Journal of Sex Research (2010) 47:1.

 

Holmberg, D. and K.L. Blair. “Sexual Desire, Communication, Satisfaction, and Preferences of Men and Women in Same-Sex Versus Mixed-Sex Relationships,” Journal of Sex Research (2009) 46:57.

 

Hurlbert, D.F. “Female Sexuality: A Comparative Study Between Women in Homosexual and Heterosexual Relationships,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (1993) 19:315.

 

Henderson, A.W. et al. “Ecological Models of Sexual Satisfaction Among Leswbian/Bisexual and Heterosexual Women,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2009) 38:50.

 

Holmberg, D. and K.L. Blair. “Sexual Desire, Communication, Satisfaction and Preferences of Men and Women in Same-Sex vs. Mixed-Sex Relationships,” Journal of Sex Research (2009) 46:57.

 

Kurdek, L.A. “Areas of Conflict for Gay, Lesbian, and Heterosexual Couples: What Couples Argue About Influences Relationship Satisfaction,” Journal of Marriage and Family (1994) 56:923.

 

Kurdek, L.A. “Relationship Quality of Partners in Heterosexual Married, Heterosexual Cohabitating, and Gay and Lesbian Relationships,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (1986) 51:711.

 

Kurdek, L.A. and J.P. Schmitt. “Early Development of Relationship Quality in Heterosexual Married, Heterosexual Cohabitating, Gay, and Lesbian Couples,” Developmental Psychology (1986) 22:305.

 

Kurdek, L.A. “Relationship Outcomes and Their Predictors: Longitudinal Evidence from Heterosexual Married, Gay Cohabitating, and Lesbian Cohabitating Couples,” Journal of Marriage and Family (1998) 60:553.

 

Leigh, B.C. “Reasons for Having and Avoiding Sex: Gender, Sexual Orientation, and Relationship to Sexual Behavior,” Journal of Sex Research (1989) 26:199.

 

Metz, M.E. et al. “Differences in Conflict-Resolution Styles Among Heterosexual, Gay, and Lesbian Couples,” Journal of Sex Research (1994) 31:293.

 

Bisexuality

Blow, C. “Sexual Attraction and Fluidity,” New York Times, Sept. 7, 2015.

 

Cerny, J.A. and E. Janssen. “Patterns of Sexual Arousal in Homosexual, Bisexual, and Heterosexual Men,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2011) 40:687.

 

Ciocca, G. et al. “Bisexuality Among a Cohort of University Students: Prevalence and Psychological Distress,” International Journal of Impotence Research (2017) epub ahead of print.

 

Denizet-Lewis, B. “The Scientific Quest to Prove Bisexuality Exists,” New York Times Magazine, March, 20, 2014.

 

Diamond, L. “Female Bisexuality from Adolescence to Adulthood: Results from a 10-Year Longitudinal Study,” Developmental Psychology (2008) 44:5.

 

Rieger, G. et al. “Sexual Arousal Patterns of Bisexual Men,” Psychological Science (2005) 16:579.

 

Rodriguez Rust, P.C. “Bisexuality: The State of the Union,” Annual Review of Sex Research (2002) 13:180.

 

Rosenthal, A.M. et al. “Sexual Arousal Patterns of Bisexual Men Revisited,” Biological Psychology (2011) 88:112.

 

Transgender

Gates, G.J. “How Many People Are Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender?” The Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law, 2011.

 

https://www.vice.com/en_nz/article/a3kve8/how-transitioning-affects-sex-drive-and-porn-consumption

 

De Cuypere, G. et al. “Prevalence and Demography of Trans-sexualism in Belgium,” European Psychiatry (2007) 22:137.

 

Bakker A et al. “The Prevalence of Trans-sexualism in The Netherlands,” Acta Psychiatry Scandinavia (1993) 87:237.

 

Kuyper L. and C. Wijsen. “Gender Identities and Gender Dysphoria in the Netherlands,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2014) 43:377.

Motta, G. et al. “Does Testosterone Treatment Increase Anger Expression in a Poplation of Transgender Men?” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2018) 15:94.

 

Wilson, C. “The Reluctant Transgender Role Model,” New York Times, May 6, 2011. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/08/fashion/08CHAZ.html

 

Shields JP et al. “Estimating Population Size and Demographic Characteristics of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth in Middle School,” Journal of Adolescent Health (2013) 52:248.

 

Intersex

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intersex

 

accordalliance.org

 

Asexuality

Aiken, C.R.H. et al. “Who Reports Absence of Sexual Attraction in Britain? Evidence from National Probability Surveys,” Psychology & Sexuality (2013) 4:121.

 

Bogaert, A.F. “Asexuality: What It Is and Why It Matters,” Journal of Sex Research (2015) 52:362.

 

Bogaert, A.F. “Asexuality: Prevalence and Associated Factors in a National Probability Sample,” Journal of Sex Research (2004) 41:279.

 

Borg, C. et al. “Sexual Aversion and the DSM-5:And Excluded Disorder with Unabated Relevance as a Trans-Diagnostic Symptom,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2014) 43:1223.

 

Brotto, L. et al. “Asexuality: A Mixed-Methods Approach,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2010) 39:599.

 

Brotto, L. and M.A. Yule. “Physiological and Subjective Sexual Arousal in Self-Identified Asexual Women,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2011) 40:699.

 

Bulmer, M and K. Izuma. “Implicit and Explicit Attitudes Toward Sex and Romance in Asexuals,” Journal of Sex Research (2018) 55:962.

 

Chasin, C.J.D. “Theoretical Issues in the Study of Asexuality,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2011) 40:713.

 

Chou, K.L. et al. “Lifetime Abstention from Sexual Intercourse and Health in Middle-Age and Older Adults: Results from Wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2014) 43:891.

 

Gupta, K. “What Does Asexuality Teach Us About Sexual Disinterest? Recommendations for Health Professionals Based on a Qualitative Study with Asexually Identified People,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2017) 43:1.

 

Hoglund, J. et al. “Finnish Women and Men Who Self-Report No Sexual Attraction in the Past 12 Months: Prevalence, Relationship Status, and Sexual Behavior History,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2014) 43:879.

 

Poston, D.L. and Baumle, A.K. “Patterns of Asexuality in the United States,” Demographic Research (2010) 23:509.

 

Prause, N. and C.A. Graham. “Asexuality: Classification and Characterization,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2007) 36:341.

 

Van Houdenhove, E. “Stories About Asexuality: A Qualitative Study on Asexual Women,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2015) 41:262.

 

Yule, M.A. et al. “Sexual Fantasy and Masturbation Among Asexual Individuals: An In-Depth Exploration,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2017) 46:311.

 

  1. Vibrators

Vibrator myths vs. truth

Hebernick D. et al. “Prevalence and Characteristics of Vibrator Use By Women in the U.S.: Results from a Nationally Representative Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2009) 6:1857.

 

Vibrators are very popular among women

Comelia, L. Vibrator Nation: How Feminist Sex-Toy Stores Changed the Business of Pleasure. Duke University Press, Durham, NC, 2018.

 

Herbenick, D. et al. “Prevalence and Characteristics of Vibrator Use By Women in the United States: Results from a Nationally Representative Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2009) 6:1857.

 

Herbenick, D. et al. “Women’s Vibrator Use in Sexual Partnerships: Results fro a Nationally Representative Survey in the U.S.,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2010) 36:49.

 

Herbenick, D. et al. “Beliefs About Women’s Vibrator Use: Results from a Nationally Representative Probability Survey in the United States,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2011) 37:329.

 

Lieberman, H. Buzz: The Stimulating History of the Sex Toy. Pegasus Books, NY, 2018.

 

Schick, V. et al. “Prevalence and Characteristics of Vibrators Use Among Women Have Sex with Women,” Journal of sexual Medicine (2011) 8:3306.

 

Sales of sex enhancement products

http://jonmillward.com/blog/studies/down-the-rabbit-hole-analysis-1-million-sex-toy-sales/

 

Increasingly popular among men, too

Reece, M. et al. “Prevalence and Characteristics of Vibrator Use by Men in the United States,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2009) 6:1867.

 

Herbenick, D. et al. “Beliefs About Women’s Vibrator Use: Results from a Nationally Representative Probability Survey in the United States,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2011) 37:329.

 

The surprising history of vibrators

Maines, Rachel. The Technology of Orgasm: “Hysteria,”” The Vibrator, and Women’s Sexual Satisfaction. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999.

 

  1. Other Sex Enhancements

Breakdown of sex toy sales

https://jonmillward.com/blog/studies/down-the-rabbit-hole-analysis-1-million-sex-toy-sales/

 

Introduction to Part VII

Problematic sexuality

https://www.pornhub.com/insights/2018-year-in-review

 

Alcohol abuse

https://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/overview-alcohol-consumption/alcohol-facts-and-statistics

 

Health benefits of alcohol

https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/in-depth/alcohol/art-20044551

 

  1. Porn: Bad for Sex

Marie and Jack: A Hardcore Love Story.

ComstockFilms.com

 

Men over-estimate how often other men have sex

Lynch, J. et al. “Risky Business: Misperceived Norms of Sexual Behavior Among College Students,” National Australian Pharmacy Students Association (NAPSA) Journal (2004) 42:21.

 

Martens, M. et al. “Differences Between Actual and Perceived Student Norms: An Examination of Alcohol Use, Drug Use, and Sexual Behavior,” Journal of American College Health (2006) 54:295.

 

Porn’s sexual impact on men

Landripet, I. and A. Stulhofer. “Is Pornography Use Associated with Sexual Difficulties and Dysfunctions Among Younger Heterosexual Men?” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:1139.

 

Ogas, O. and S. Gaddam. A Billion Wicked Thoughts. Plume, NY, 2012.

 

Sun, C. et al. “Pornography and the Male Sexual Script: An Analysis of Consumption and Sexual Relations,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2016) 45:983.

 

Prevalence of anal intercourse

Herbenick, D. et al. “Sexual Behavior in the United States: Results from a National Probability Sample of Men and Women Ages 14-94,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7(Suppl 5):255.

Richters, J. et al. “Sexual Practices at Last Heterosexual Encounter and Occurrence of Orgasm in a National Survey,” Journal of Sex Research (2006) 43:217.

 

Porn is responsible for increased sexual dysfunctions in young men

Park, B.Y. et al. “Is Internet Pornography Causing Sexual Dysfunction? A Review with Clinical Reports,” Behavioral Sciences (2016) 6:17.

 

Tran, J.K. et al. “Sexual Dysfunction in Veterans with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:847.

 

Estimates of erectile dysfunctions in young men

Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center. “Erectile Dysfunction Among Male Active Component Service Members, U.S. Armed Forces, 2004-2013,” MSMR (2014) 21:13.

 

Capogrosso, P. et al. “One Patient Out of Four with Newly Diagnosed Erectile Dysfunction Is a Young Man: Worrisom Picture from Everyday Clinical Practice,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2013) 10:1833.

 

Laumann, E.O. et al. “Sexual Dysfunctions in the United States: Prevalence and Predictors,” Journal of the American Medical Association (1999) 281:537.

 

Martins, F.G. and C.H.N. Abdo. “Erectile Dysfunction and Correlated Factors in Brazilian Men Aged 18-44 Years,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7:2166.

 

Mialon, A. et al. “Sexual Dysfunctions Among Young Men: Prevalence and Associated Factors,” Journal of Adolescent Health (2012) 51:25.

 

O’Sullivan, L.F. et al. “Prevalence and Characteristics of Sexual Functioning Among Sexually Experienced Middle to Late Adolescents,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2014) 11:630.

 

Wilcox, S.L. et al. “Sexual Functioning in Military Personnel: Preliminary Estimates and Predictors,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2014) 11:2537.

 

More Americans take mood-altering drugs

http://apps.who.int/medicinedocs/documents/s19032en/s19032en.pdf

 

Obesity has increased

https://stateofobesity.org/obesity-rates-trends-overview/

 

Flegal, K.M. et al.”Prevalence and Trends in Obesity Among U.S. Adults, 1999-2008,” Journal of the American Medical Association (2010) 303:235.

 

Does porn cause sex problems in young men?

Landripet, I. and A. Stulhofer. “Is Pornography Use Associated with Sexual Difficulties and Dysfunctions Among Younger Heterosexual Men?” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:1136.

 

Use of porn in sex therapy

http://krex.k-state.edu/dspace/handle/2097/8628

 

https://www.sinclairinstitute.com/sp-bettersex-video-series-sexplorations-2229.aspx

 

Robinson, B.E. et al. “Therapeutic Uses of Sexually Explicit Materials in the United State and Czech Republic: A Qualitative Study,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (1999) 25:103.

 

Simon Rosser, B.R. et al. “Using Sexually Explicit Material in Adult Sex Education: An Eighteen-Year Comparative Analysis,” Journal of Sex Education and Therapy (1995) 21:117.

 

Striar, S.and B. Bartlik. “Stimulation of the Libido: The Use of Erotica in Sex Therapy,” Psychiatric Annals (1999) 29:60.

 

  1. The Roots of Porn and Romance Fiction

Some of the earliest known art is erotic

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_erotic_depictions#Early_depictions

 

Evolution of sexual reproduction

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolution_of_sexual_reproduction

 

Spewing sperm vs. nurturing offspring

Many sources make this case, but one of the best is Ogas Ogi’s and Sai Gaddam’s A Billion Wicked Thoughts (Plum, NY 2012).

 

University of Montreal scientists couldn’t find any men who hadn’t seen porn.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/women/sex/6709646/All-men-watch-porn-scientists-find.html

 

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/12/091201111202.htm

 

Porn in brothels and private homes in Pompeii

Clark, John, R. Roman Sex: 100 B.C to A.D. 250. Henry N. Abrams, NY, 2003.

 

The Song of Songs

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Song_of_Songs

 

Fanny Hill

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fanny_Hill

 

Lumiere brothers

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Auguste_and_Louis_Lumière

 

Porn during the Civil War

Lowry, Thomas P. The Story the Soldiers Wouldn’t Tell: Sex in the Civil War. Stackpole Books, Mechanicsburg, PA, 1994,

 

PornHub statistics, 2018

https://www.pornhub.com/insights/2018-year-in-review

 

Other estimates of porn use

Anon. “Where the Boys Are (Online),” New York Times, March 29, 2004.

 

Featherstone, L. “You and Me and Porn Makes Three,” Psychology Today, Sept./Oct. 2005.

 

Regnerus, M. et al. “Documenting Porn Use in America: A Comparative Analysis of Methodological Approaches,” Journal of Sex Research (2016) 53:873.

 

How much of the Internet is Porn?

www.covenanteyes.com/pornstats

 

www.internetsafety101.org

 

http://enough.org/stats_porn_industry

 

www.forbes.com/sites/julieruvolo/2011/09/07/how-much-of-the-internet-is-actually-for-porn

 

https://cyber.harvard.edu/vaw02/mod2-3.htm

Ogas, O. and S. Gaddam. A Billion Wicked Thoughts: What the Internet Tells Us About Sex and Relationships. Plume, NY, 2012.

 

Wright, P.J. “U.S. Males and Pornography, 1973-2010: Consumption, Predictors, Correlates,” Journal of Sex Research (2013) 50:60.

 

Femme videos arouse women

Beggan, J.K. and S.T Allison. “Reflexivity in the Pornographic Films of Candida Royalle,” Sexualities (2003) 6:305.

 

Laan, E.et al. “Women’s Sexual and Emotional Responses to Male- and Female-Produced Erotica,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1994) 23:153.

 

Mosher, D.L. and P. MacIan. “College Men and Women Respond to X-Rated Videos Intended for Male or Female Audiences: Gender and Sexual Scripts,” Journal of Sex Research (1994) 31:99.

 

Quackenbush, D.M. et al. “Gender Effects of Romantic Themes in Erotica,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1995) 24:21.

 

The best discussion of porn and romance fiction as two sides of the same evolutionary coin

Ogas, O. and S. Gaddam. A Billion Wicked Thoughts: What the Internet Tells Us About Sex and Relationships. Plume, NY, 2012.

 

Pamela, Or Virtue Rewarded

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pamela%3B_or%2C_Virtue_Rewarded

 

Romances as leading category of fiction

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romance_novel

 

Romances as sex education

Weiner, J. “We Need Bodice-Ripper Sex Ed,” New York Times, Jan. 21, 2018.

 

Compared with men, women experience more arousal from stories

Scott, C.L. and A. Cortez, Jr. “No Longer His and Hers, but Ours: Examining Sexual Arousal in Response to Erotic Stories Designed for Both Sexes,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2011) 37:165.

 

 

  1. Porn, Violence, and Rape

The study suggesting that 88 percent of porn contains violence against women

Bridges, A. et al. “Aggression and Sexual Behavior in Best-Selling Pornography Videos: A Content Analysis Update,” Violence Against Women (2010) 16:1065.

 

How kinky women play:

Rehor, J.E. “Sensual, Erotic, and Sexual Behaviors of Women from the ‘Kink’ Community,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2015) 44:825.

 

BDSM is surprisingly popular in fantasy and in bed:

Herbenich, D. et al. “Sexual Diversity in the United States: Results from a Nationally Representative Probability Sample of Adult Men and Women,” PLoS One. July 20, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0181198.

 

Williams, K.M. et al. “Inferring Sexually Deviant Behavior from Corresponding Fantasies: The Role of Personality and Pornography Consumption,” Criminal Justice and Behavior (2009) 36:198.

 

Other studies of violence in porn

Barron, M. and M. Kimmel. “Sexual Violence in Three Pornographic Media: Toward a Sociological Explanation,” Journal of Sex Research (2000) 37:161.

 

Cowan, G. et al. “Dominance and Inequality in X-Rated Videocassettes,” Psychology of Women (1988) 12:299.

 

Duncan, D.F. “Violence and Degradation As Themes in Adult Videos,” Psychological Reports (1991) 69:239.

 

Hald, G.M. and N.N. Malamuth. “Experimental Effects of Exposure to Pronorgraphy: The Moderating Effects of Personality and Mediating Effect of Sexual Arousal,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2015) 44:99.

 

Harkness, E.L. et al. “Association Between Pornography Use and Sexual Risk Behaviors in Adult Consumers: A Systematic Review,” Cyberpsychology and Behavior Society Network (2015) 18:59.

 

Linz, D.G. et al. “Effects of Long-Term Exposure to Violent and Sexually Degrading Depictions of Women,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (1988) 55:758.

 

McKee, A. “The Objectification of Women in Mainstream Pornographic Videos in Australia,” Journal of Sex Research (2005) 42:277.

 

Palys, T. “Testing the Common Wisdom: The Social Content of Video Pornography,” Canadian Psychology (1986) 27:22.

 

Is 21st century porn more violent? Do viewers prefer more violence?

Shor, E. and K. Seida. “’Harder and Harder’? Is Mainstream Pornography Becoming Increasingly Violent and Do Viewers Prefer Violent Content?” Journal of Sex Research (2019) 56:16.

 

The 1970 Lockhart Commission Report

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/President%27s_Commission_on_Obscenity_and_Pornography

 

The 1986 Meese Commission Report

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meese_Report

 

U.S. crime trends

http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2018/01/30/5-facts-about-crime-in-the-u-s/

 

Studies associating porn exposure with sexual violence

Allen, M. et al. “A Meta-Analysis Summarizing the Effects of Pornography on Aggression After Exposure,” Human Communications Research (1995) 22:258.

 

Beauregard, E. et al. “An Exploration of Developmental Factors Related to Deviant Sexual Preferences Among Adult Rapists,” Sex Abuse (2004) 16:151.

Bergen, R.K. and K.A. Bogle. “Exploring the Connection Between Pornography and Sexual Violence,” Violence and Victims (2000) 15:227.

 

Donnerstein, E. and L. Berkowitz. “Victim Reactions in Aggressive Erotic Films as a Factor in Violence Against Women,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (1981) 41:710.

 

Hald, G.M. et al. “Pornography and Attitudes Supporting Violence Against Women: Revisiting the Relationship in Non-experimental Studies,” Aggressive Behavior (2010) 36:14.

 

Jaffee, D. and M.A. Straus. “Sexual Climate and Reported Rape: AState-Level Analysis,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1987) 16:107.

 

Jarvie, I. “Pornography and/as Degradation,” International Journal of Law and Psychiatry (1991) 14:13.

 

Kingston, D.A. et al. “Pornography Use and Sexual Aggression: The Impact of Frequency and Type of Pornography Use on Recidivism Among Sexual Offenders,” Aggressive Behavior (2008) 34:341.

 

Malamuth, N.M. et al. “Pornography and Sexual Aggression: Are There Reliable Effects and Can We Understand Them?” Annual Review of Sex Research (2000) 11:26.

 

Malmuth, N. “Adding Fuel to the Fire?” Does Exposure to Non-Consenting Adult or to Child Pornography Increase Risk of Sexual Aggression?” Aggression and Violent Behavior (2018) epub ahead of print.

 

Thompson, M.P. et al. “Time-Varying Risk Factors and Sexual Aggression Perpetration Among Male College Students,” Journal of Adolescent Health (2015) 57:637.

 

Vega, V. and N.M. Malamuth. “Predicting Sexual Aggression: The Role of Pornography in the Context of General and Specific Risk Factors,” Aggressive Behavior (2007) 33:104.

Wright, P.J. and R.S. Tokunaga. “Men’s Objectifying Media Consumption, Objectification of Women, and Attitudes Supportive of Violence Against Women,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2016) 45:955.

 

Wright, P.J. et al “A Meta-Analysis of Pornography Consumption and Actual Acts of Sexual Aggression in General Population Studies,” Journal of Communication (2016) 66:183.

 

Since 1995, U.S. the rate of sexual assault has plummeted 58 percent

https://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/fvsv9410.pdf

 

Studies showing more porn, less rape

Condron, M.K. and D.E. Nutter. “A Preliminary Examination of the Pornography Experience of Sex Offenders, Parphiliacs, Sexual Dysfunction Patients, and Controls Based on Meese Commission Recommendations,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (1988) 14:285.

 

Cook, R.F. et al. “Pornography and the Sex Offender: Patterns of Previous Exposure and Arousal Effects of Pornographic Stimuli,” Journal of Applied Psychology (1971) 55:503.

 

Fisher, W.A. et al. “Pornography, Sex Crime, and Paraphilia,” Current Psychiatry Reports (2013) 15:362.

 

Fukui, A. and B. Westmore. “To See Or Not To See: The Debate Over Pornography and Its Relationship to Sexual Aggression,” Australia and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry (1994) 28:600.

 

Goldstein, M. et al. “Experience with Pornography: Rapists, Pedophiles, Homosexuals, Transsexuals, and Controls,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1997) 1:1.

 

Gwee, K.P. et al. “The Sexual Profile of Rapists in Singapore,” Medicine, Science and the Law (2002) 42:51.

 

Kohut, T. et al. “Is Pornography Really About ‘Making Hate to Women?’ Pornography Users Hold More Gender-Egalitarian Attitudes Than Nonusers in a Representative American Sample,” Journal of Sex Research (2016) 53:1.

 

Langevin, R. et al. “Pornography and Sexual Offences,” Annals of Sex Research (1988) 1:335.

 

Nutter, D.E. and M.E. Kearns. “Patterns of Exposure to Sexually Explicit Material Among Sex Offenders, Child Molesters, and Controls,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (1993) 19:77.

Seto, M.C. et al. “The Role of Pornography in the Etiology of Sexual Aggression,” Aggression and Violent Behavior (2001) 6:35.

 

Rape, porn, and alcohol

Norris, J. and K.L. Kerr. “Alcohol and Violent Pornography: Responses to Permissive and Nonpermissive Cues,” Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs (1993) Suppl: 11: 118.

 

Around the world, more porn, less rape

Diamond, M. et al. “Pornography and Sex Crimes in the Czech Republic,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2011) 40:1037

 

Diamond, M. “The Effects of Pornography: An International Perspective,” in Pornography 101: Eroticism, Sexuality, and the First Amendment, edited by J. Elias et al. Prometheus Press, Amherst, NY, 1999.

 

Diamond, M. and A. Uchiyama. “Pornography, Rape, and Sex Crimes in Japan,” International Journal of Law and Psychiatry (1999) 22:1.

 

Kutchinsky, B. Pornography and Rape: Theory and Practice? Evidence from crime Data in Four Countries, Where Pornography is Easily Available,” International Journal of Law and Psychiatry (1991) 14:47.

 

Kutchinsky, B. “The Effect of Easy Availability of Pornography on the Incidence of Sex Crimes: The Danish Experience,” Journal of Social Issues (1973) 29:163.

 

Goldstein, M. et al. “Experience with Pornography: Rapists, Pedophiles, Homosexuals, Transsexuals, and Controls,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (19971) 1:1.

 

  1. Porn & Adolescents

 

Up to two-thirds of adolescents reports unwanted exposure to porn

Luder, M.T. et al. “Associations Between Online Pornography and Sexual Behavior Among Adolescents: Myth or Reality?” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2011) 40:1027.

 

Mitchell, K.J. et al. “Trends in Youth Reports of Sexual Solicitations, Harrassment, and Unwanted Exposure to Pornography on the Internet,” Journal of Adolescent Health (2007) 40:116.

 

Wolak, J. et al. “Unwanted and Wanted Exposure to Online Pornography in a National Sample of Youth Internet Users,” Pediatrics (2007) 119:247.

 

Pre-teens turn away from porn in disgust

Borg, C. et al. “Disgust Toward Sex-Relevant and Sex-Irrelevant Stimuli in Pre-, Early, and Middle Adolescence,” Journal of Sex Research (2019) 56:102.

 

Early porn exposure, early first intercourse

Kraus, S.W. and B. Russell. “Early Sexual Experiences: The Role of Internet Access and Sexually Explicit Material,” Cyberpsychology and Behavior (2008) 11:162.

 

Teen male sex abusers view porn

Burton, D.L. et al. “Comparison by Crime Type of Juvenile Delinquents on Pornography Exposure: The Absence of Relationships Between Exposure to Pornography and Sex Offense Characteristics,” Journal of Forensic Nursing (2010) 6:121.

 

Goldstein, M. et al. “Experience with Pornography: Rapists, Pedophiles, Homosexuals, Transsexuals, and Controls,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1971) 1:1.

 

The 20-year review of research on porn and adolescents

Peter, J. and P.M. Valkenburg. “Adolescents and Pornography: A Review of 20 Years of Research,” Journal of Sex Research (2016) 53:509.

 

Viewing violent porn is linked to a six-fold increase in sexual aggression

Ybarra, M.L. et al. “X-Rated Material and Perpetration of Sexually Aggressive Behavior Among Children and Adolescents: Is There a Link?” Aggressive Behavior (2011) 37:1.

 

Decline in the divorce rate: 1980-2015

https://www.bgsu.edu/ncfmr/resources/data/family-profiles/anderson-divorce-rate-us-geo-2015-fp-16-21.html

 

More porn, less sexism

Garos, S. et al. “Sexism and Pornography Use: Toward Explaining Past (Null) Results,” Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality (2004) 16:69.

 

Porn is not particularly associated with sexual risk-taking

Luder, M.T. et al. “Associations Between Online Pornography and Sexual Behavior Among Adolescents: Myth or Reality?” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2011) 40:1027.

 

Sinkovic, M. et al. “Revisiting the Association Between Pornography Use and Risky Sexual Behaviors: The Role of Early Exposure to Pornography and Sexual Sensation Seeking,” Journal of Sex Research (2013) 50:633.

 

Porn exposure early in life has no significantly harmful impact

Stulhofer, A. et al. “Pornography, Sexual Socialization, and Satisfaction Among Young Men,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2010) 39:168.

 

Hald, G.M. et al. “Does Viewing Explain Doing? Assessing the Association Between Sexually Explicit Materials and Sexual Behaviors in a Large Sample of Dutch Adolescents and Young Adults,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2013) 10:2986.

 

Teens know that porn is fantasy

Haggstrom-Nordin, E. et al. “’It’s Everywhere!’ Young Swedish People’s Thoughts and Reflections About Pornography,” Scandinavian Journal of the Caring Sciences (2006) 20:386.

 

Hald, G.M. et al. “Does Viewing Explain Doing? Assessing the Association Between Sexually Explicit Materials and Sexual Behaviors in a Large Sample of Dutch Adolescents and Young Adults,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2013) 10:2986.

 

Hald, G.M. and N.M Malamuth. “Self-Perceived Effects of Pornography Consumption,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2008) 37:614.

 

Mattebo, M. et al. “Hercules and Barbie? Reflections on the Influence of Pornography and It’s Spread in the Media and Society in Groups of Adolescents in Sweden,” European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care,” (2012) 17:40.

 

Long-term trends in teen birth rates

https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db89.pdf

 

CDC’s Youth Risk Behavior Survey—1997

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00054432.htm

CDC’s Youth Risk Behavior Survey —2015

https://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/data/yrbs/pdf/2015/ss6506_updated.pdf

 

Tavernise, S. “U.S. Fertility Rate Fell to a Record Low, for a Second Striaght Year,” New York Times, May 17, 2018.

 

Teen celibacy: Baby Boomers vs. Millennials

Twenge, J.M. et al. “Sexual Inactivity During Young Adulthood is More Common Among U.S. Millennials and iGen: Age, Period, and Cohort Effects on Having No Sexual Partners After Age 18,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2017) 46:433.

 

Porn leads to unrealistic sexual beliefs

Owens, E.W. et al. “The Impact of Internet Pornography on Adolescents: A Review of the Research,” Sexual Addiction and Compulsivity (2012) 19:99.

 

Porn Literacy class

Albury, K. “Porn AND Sex Education, Porn AS Sex Education,” Porn Studies (2014) 1:172.

 

Jones, M. “What Teenagers Learn from Online Porn,” New York Times Magazine, Feb. 7, 2018.

 

  1. Women Porn Actors

Sharon Mitchell

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sharon_Mitchell

 

Stereotypes of porn performers

Bradley, M.S. “Girlfriends, Wives, and Strippers: Managing Stigma in Exotic Dancer Romantic Relationships,” Deviant Behavior (2007) 28:379.

 

Evans-DeCicco, J.A. and G. Cowan. “Attitudes Toward Pornography and the Characteristics Attributed to Pornography Actors,” Sex Roles (2001) 44:351.

 

Griffith, J.D. et al. “Characteristics of Pornography Film actors: Self-Reports Vs. Perceptions of College Students,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2013) 42:637.

 

The study

Griffith, JD. et al. “Pornography Actresses: As Assessment of the ‘Damaged Goods’ Hypothesis,” Journal of Sex Research (2013) 50:621.

 

Six percent of women are highly sexual

Laumann, E.O. et al. The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States. University of Chicago Press, 1994, p. 88.

Prevalence of exhibitionism

Holtzman, D. and N. Kulish. “Female Exhibitionism: Identification, Competition, and Camaraderie,” International Journal of Psychoanalysis (2012) 93:271.

Langstrom, N. and M.C. Seto. “Exhibitionistic and Voyeuristic Behavior in a Swedish National Population ‘survey,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2006) 35:427.

Langstrom, N. and R.K. Hanson. “High Rates of Sexual Behavior in the General Population: Correlates and Predictors,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2006) 35:37.

Forty-one states have outlawed revenge porn

Wang, V. “After Years of Delay in Albany, Revenge Porn Law Passes,” New York Times, March 1, 2019.

 

  1. Men, Porn, and “Sex Addiction”
  2. of Montreal researcher couldn’t find any men who hadn’t viewed porn.

https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/other/researchers-cant-find-a-man-who-hasnt-seen-porn/ar-AA3fDWf

 

Men masturbate considerably more than women

Carvalheira, A. et al. “Masturbation and Pornography Use Among Coupled Hegtersexual Men with Decreased Sexual Desire: How Many Roles for Masturbation?” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2015) 41:626.

 

Herbenick, D. et al. “Sexual Behavior in the United States: Results from a National Probability Sample of Men and Women Ages 14-94,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2010) 7(suppl 5):255.

 

Laumann, E.O et al. The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States, University of Chicago Press, 1994.

 

Petersen, J.L. and J.S. Hyde. “Gender Differences and Sexual Attitudes and Behaviors: A Review of Meta-Analytic Results and Large Datasets,” Journal of Sex Research (2011) 48:149.

 

Sex for stress release

Carroll K. et al. “Differences Between Males and Females in Motives for Engaging in Sexual Intercourse,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1985) 14:131.

 

More than half of American women own vibrators

Herbenick, D. et al. “Prevalence and Characteristics of Vibrator Use By Women in the United States: Results from a Nationally Representative Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2009) 6:1857.

 

30 percent of Americans suffer significant anxiety

https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/statistics/any-anxiety-disorder.shtml

 

http://www.anxietycentre.com/anxiety-statistics-information.shtml

 

International Institute for Trauma and Addiction Professionals https://www.iitap.com

 

Gentle Path at The Meadows, Carnes residential “sex addiction” treatment program specializing in men

Home

 

“Deep undercurrent of sexual trauma in our culture.”

Carnes, P. Out of the Shadows, Hazelden Publishing, Center City, MN, 2001, p. x.

 

Porn traps men for hours

Carnes P. et al. In the Shadows of the Net: Breaking Free of Compulsive Online Sexual Behavior (2007 ed). Hazelden Foundation, Center City, MN. p. 16.

 

Maltz, W. and L. The Porn Trap: The Essential Guide to Overcoming the Problems Caused by Pornography. HarperCollins, NY, 2008, p. 4.

 

Actual prevalence of “out of control” sexual behavior

PornHub statistics

https://www.pornhub.com/insights/2017-year-in-review

 

https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/other/researchers-cant-find-a-man-who-hasnt-seen-porn/ar-AA3fDWf

 

Skegg, K. et al. “Perceived ‘Out of Control’ Sexual Behavior in a Cohort of Young Adults from the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2010) 39:968.

 

Prevalence of selected social and sex problems among adult men

https://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/overview-alcohol-consumption/alcohol-facts-and-statistics

 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK230631/

https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/heroin/scope-heroin-use-in-united-states

 

The average American watches five hours of TV per day

https://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/01/business/media/nielsen-survey-media-viewing.html

 

Does porn cause sexism?

Rasmussen, K.R. and T. Kohut. “Does Religious Attendance Moderate the Connection Between Pornography Consumption and Attitudes Toward Women?” Journal of Sex Research (2019) 56:38.

 

Since the arrival of Internet porn, the rate of child sexual abuse has declined.

Finkelhor, D. and L. Jones. “Why Have Child Maltreatment and Child Victimization Declined?” Journal of Social Issues (2006) 62:685.

 

Since the arrival of Internet porn, teens have become more sexually responsible.

CDC’s Youth Risk Behavior Survey—1997

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00054432.htm

CDC’s Youth Risk Behavior Survey —2015

https://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/data/yrbs/pdf/2015/ss6506_updated.pdf

 

Long-term trends in teen birth rates

https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db89.pdf

 

Since the arrival of Internet porn, the U.S. abortion rate has fallen to an all-time low.

https://www.guttmacher.org/news-release/2014/us-abortion-rate-hits-lowest-level-1973

 

Since the arrival of Internet porn, the U.S. adoption rate has fallen.

https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubPDFs/adopted0812.pdf

Since the arrival of Internet porn, rates of sexual assault have decreased worldwide.

Condron, M.K. and D.E. Nutter. “A Preliminary Examination of the Pornography Experience of Sex Offenders, Parphiliacs, Sexual Dysfunction Patients, and Controls Based on Meese Commission Recommendations,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (1988) 14:285.

 

Cook, R.F. et al. “Pornography and the Sex Offender: Patterns of Previous Exposure and Arousal Effects of Pornographic Stimuli,” Journal of Applied Psychology (1971) 55:503.

 

Fisher, W.A. et al. “Pornography, Sex Crime, and Paraphilia,” Current Psychiatry Reports (2013) 15:362.

 

Fukui, A. and B. Westmore. “To See Or Not To See: The Debate Over Pornography and Its Relationship to Sexual Aggression,” Australia and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry (1994) 28:600.

 

Goldstein, M. et al. “Experience with Pornography: Rapists, Pedophiles, Homosexuals, Transsexuals, and Controls,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1997) 1:1.

 

Gwee, K.P. et al. “The Sexual Profile of Rapists in Singapore,” Medicine, Science and the Law (2002) 42:51.

 

Kohut, T. et al. “Is Pornography Really About ‘Making Hate to Women?’ Pornography Users Hold More Gender-Egalitarian Attitudes Than Nonusers in a Representative American Sample,” Journal of Sex Research (2016) 53:1.

 

Langevin, R. et al. “Pornography and Sexual Offences,” Annals of Sex Research (1988) 1:335.

 

Nutter, D.E. and M.E. Kearns. “Patterns of Exposure to Sexually Explicit Material Among Sex Offenders, Child Molesters, and Controls,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (1993) 19:77.

Seto, M.C. et al. “The Role of Pornography in the Etiology of Sexual Aggression,” Aggression and Violent Behavior (2001) 6:35.

 

Porn increases extra-marital and sex.

Harkness, E.L.et al. “Association Between Pornography Use and Sexual Risk Behaviors in Adult Consumers: A Systematic Review,” Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking (2015) 18:59.

 

Wright, P.J. “U.S. Males and Pornography, 1973-2010: Consumption, Predictors, Correlates,” Journal of Sex Research (2013) 50:60.

 

Compulsive sexuality linked to anxiety, depression, etc.

Black, D.W. et al. “Characteristics of 36 Subjects Reporting Compulsive Sexual Behavior,” American Journal of Psychiatry (1997) 154:243.

 

Odlaug, B.L. “Compulsive Sexual Behavior in Young Adults,” Annals of Clinical Psychiatry (2013) 25:193.

 

Raymond, N.C. et al. “Psychiatric Comorbidity and Compulsive/Impulsive Traits in Compulsive Sexual Behavior,” Comprehensive Psychiatry (2003) 44:370.

 

The allegation that Internet porn is an increasingly significant contributor to divorce.

Maltz, W. and L. The Porn Trap. HarperCollins, NY, 2008, p. 2.

 

Perry, S. “Pornography Use and Marital Separation: Evidence from Two-Wave Panel Data,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2017) epub ahead of print doi:10.1007/s10508-017-1080-8.

 

Since the arrival of Internet porn, the U.S. divorce rate has decreased.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2015/06/23/144-years-of-marriage-and-divorce-in-the-united-states-in-one-chart/?utm_term=.59cb6daf809a

 

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-09-25/millennials-are-causing-the-u-s-divorce-rate-to-plummet

 

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2015/06/23/144-years-of-marriage-and-divorce-in-the-united-states-in-one-chart/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.a22b371b1410

 

http://time.com/4575495/divorce-rate-nearly-40-year-low/

 

Porn does not destroy men’s close relationships.

https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/other/researchers-cant-find-a-man-who-hasnt-seen-porn/ar-AA3fDWf

 

Butler, M.H. et al. “Pornography Use and Loneliness: A Bidirectional Recursive Model and Pilot Investigation,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2018) 44:127.

 

Popovic, M. “Pornography Use and Closeness with Others in Men,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2011) 40:449.

 

Staley, C. and N. Prause. “Erotica Viewing Effects on Intimate Relationships and Self-Partner Evaluations,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2013) 42:615.

 

The allegation that Internet porn depresses male libido.

The Porn Trap, p. 81.

 

Porn increases male libido.

Prause, N. and J. Pfaus. “Viewing Sexual Stimuli Associated with Greater Sexual Responsiveness, Not Erectile Dysfunction,” Sexual Medicine (2015) 3:90.

 

The allegations that porn increases risk of ED and orgasm/ejaculation problems

The Porn Trap, p. 81.

 

Park, B.Y. et al. “Is Internet Pornography Causing Sexual Dysfunctions? A Review with Clinical Reports,” Behavioral Sciences (2016) 6:17 doi: 10.3390/bs6030017.

 

Grubbs, J.B. et al. “Is Pornography Use Related to Erectile Dysfunction? Results from Cross-Sectional and Latent Growth Curve Analyses,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2019) 16:111.

 

Sex boosts marital happiness

Costa, R.M. and S. Brody. “Women’s Relationship Quality is Associated with Specifically Penile-Vaginal Intercourse Orgasm and Frequency,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2007) 33:319.

 

Hurlbert, D.F. and C. Apt. “Female Sexual Desire, Response, and Behavior,” Behavior Modification (1994) 18:488.

 

Sex boosts the immune system

Charnetski, C. and FX Brennan. “Sexual Frequency and Salivary Immunoglobulin A,” Psychological Reports (2004) 94:839.

 

Sex mitigates menstrual cramping.

https://www.medicaldaily.com/sex-yourself-better-health-4-aches-and-pains-orgasms-can-cure-307834

 

Sex may help relieve migraines and cluster headaches

Hambach, A. et al. “The Impact of Sexual Activity on Idiopathic Headaches: And Observational Study,” Cephalalgia (2013) 33:384.

 

Sex helps control blood pressure

Brody, S. “Blood Pressure Reactivity to Stress Is Better for People who Recently Had Penile-Vaginal Intercourse Than for Those Who Had Other or No Sexual Activity,” Biology and Physiology (2006) 71:214.

 

Sex helps prevent prostate cancer

Kotb, A.F. et al. “Sexual Activity and the Risk of Prostate Cancer: Review Article,” Archives of Italian Urology and Andrology (2015) 87:214.

 

Sex helps prevent and relieve hot flashes

Akinwale, S.O. “Comparative Study of Coitus and Non-Coitus in the Treatment of Menopausal Symptoms,” African Journal of Medicine and Medical Science (2007) 36:17.

 

Daily ejaculations improve sperm quality

https://cosmosmagazine.com/biology/frequent-ejaculation-improves-sperm-quality

 

Women’s orgasms boost chances of conception

Baker, R.R. and M.A. Bellis. “Human Sperm Competition: Ejaculate Manipulation by Females and a Function for the Female Orgasm,” Animal Behavior (1993) 46:887.

 

Sex prolongs life

Smith, G. et al. “Sex and Death: Are They Related? Findings from the Caerphilly Cohort Study,” British Medical Journal (1997) 315:1641.

 

Carnes on “excessive sexuality”

Carnes, P. Don’t Call It Love, Bantam, NY, 1992, pp. 11-12, 19-22, 42-45.

 

“Excessive” sex means seven or more orgasms a week.

Kafka M.P. “Hypersexual Disorder: A Proposed Diagnosis for DSM-V,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2010) 39:377.

 

How often men and women think about sex.

Fisher, T.D. et al. “Sex on the Brain? An Examination of Frequency of Sexual Cognitions as a Function of Gender, Erotophila, and social Desirability,” Journal of Sex Research (2012) 49:69.

 

Fischtein, D.S. et al. “How Much Does Gender Explain in Sexual Attitudes and Behaviors? A Survey of Canadian Adults.” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2007) 36:451.

 

Carnes on anonymous sex

Carnes, P. Don’t Call It Love: Recovery from Sexual Addiction. Bantam, NY, 1991, p. 49

 

Americans’ frequency of one-night-stands

https://www.adameve.com/sex-guides/relationships/hooking-up-advice/casual-sex-facts-64583-1914.aspx

 

How young adults feel about one-nighters

Garcia, J.R. et al. “Sexual Hook-Up Culture: A Review,” Review of General Psychology (2012) 16:161.

 

Strokoff, J. et al. “Diverse Reactions to Hooking Up Among U.S. University Students,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2015) 44:935.

 

Americans’ number of lifetime sex partners.

https://www.adameve.com/sex-guides/relationships/hooking-up-advice/casual-sex-facts-64583-1914.aspx

 

Prevalence of occasional consensual non-monogamy and group sex

Bergstrand, C. and J.B. Williams. “Today’s Alternative Marriage Styles: The Case of Swingers,” Electronic Journal of Human Sexuality (2000) www.ejhs.org/volume3/swing/body.htm.

 

Haupert, M.L. et al.”Prevalence of Experiences with Consensual Nonmonogamous Relationships: Findings from Two National Samples of Single Americans,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2017) 43:424.

 

Herbenick, D. et al. “Sexual Diversity in the United States: Results from a Nationally Representative Probability Sample of Adult Women and Men,” PLoS One (2017) 12:7:e0181198.

 

Jenks, RT. “Swinging: A Review of the Literature,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1998) 27:507

 

Swingers: The large majority are psychologically healthy

Barker, M. “This Is My Partner, and This Is My Partner’s Partner: Constructing Polyamorous Identity in a Monogamous World,” Journal of Constructivist Psychology (2005) 18:75.

 

Bergstrand, C. and J.B. Williams. “Today’s Alternative Marriage Styles: The Case of Swingers,” Electronic Journal of Human Sexuality (2000) www.ejhs.org/volume3/swing/body.htm.

 

Conley, T.D. et al. “The Fewer the Merrier? Assessing Stogma Surrounding Consensually Mon-Monogamous Romantic Relationships,” Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy (2013) 13:1.

 

DeVisser, R. and D. McDonald. “Swings and Roundabouts: Management of Jealousy in Heterosexual Swinging Couples,” British Journal of Social Psychology (2007) 46:459.

 

Dixon, D. “Perceived Sexual Satisfaction and Marital Happiness of Bisexual and Heterosexual Swinging Husbands,” Journal of Homosexuality (1985) 11:209.

 

Dominus, S. “Not Just Us: Is an Open Marriage a Happier Marriage?” New York Times Magazine, May14, 2017.

 

Duckworth, J. and E.E. Levitt. “Personality Analysis of a Swingers Club,” Lifestyles (1985) 8:35.

 

Jenks, R.J. Swinging: A Test of Two Theories and a Proposed New Model,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1985) 14:517.

 

Jenks, RT. “Swinging: A Review of the Literature,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (1998) 27:507

 

Rubel, A.N. and A.F. Bogaert. “Consensual Nonmonogamy: Psychological Well-Being and Relationship Quality Correlates,” Journal of Sex Research (2015) 52:961.

 

Rubin, A.M. “Sexually Open vs. Sexually Exclusive Marriages: A Comparison of Dyadic Adjustment,” Alternative Lifestyles (1982) 5:101.

 

Rubin, A.M. and J.R. Adams. “Outcomes of Sexually Open Marriages,” Journal of Sex Research (1986) 22:311.

 

How many men pay for sex? Why?

Calvin, T. “Why I Visit Prostitutes,” http://www.salon.com/2014/10/20/why_i_visit_prostitutes/

 

Gagnon, M. “What Kind of Men Go to Prostitutes?” https://www.livescience.com/28169-men-who-use-prostitutes.html

 

ProCon.org. “Percentage of Men (by Country) Who Paid for Sex at Least Once.” http://prostitution.procon.org/view.resource.php?resourceID=004119

 

Westerhoff, N. “Why Do Men Buy Sex?” Scientific American Oct. 2012. http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/why-do-men-buy-sex-2012-10-23/

 

Many mentally healthy people are very sexually active

Caravalho, J. et al. “Hypersexuality and High Sexual Desire: Exploring the Structure of Problematic Sexuality,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2015) 12:1356.

 

Langstrom, N. and R.K. Hanson. “High Rates of Sexual Behavior in the General Population: Correlates and Predictors,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2006) 35:37.

 

Winters, J. et al. “Dysregulated Sexuality and High Sexual Desire: Distinct Constructs?” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2010) 39:1029.

 

Dopamine surges in the brains of both drug addicts and alleged sex addicts

Park, B.Y. et al. “Is Internet Pornography Causing Sexual Dysfunctions? A Review with Clinical Reports,” Behavioral Sciences (2016) 6:17.

 

The brains of alleged sex addicts do not resemble those of drug addicts

Miner, M. et al. “Preliminary Investigation of the Impulsive and Neuroanatomical Characteristics of Compulsive Sexual Behavior,” Psychiatry Research (2009) 174:146.

 

Georgiadis, J.R. and M.L Kringelbach. “The Human Sexual Response Cycle: Brain Imaging Evidence Linking Sex to Other Pleasures,” Progress in Neurobiology (2012) 98:49.

 

Hagemann, J.H. et al. “Effects of Visual Sexual Stimuli and Apomorphine SL on Cerebral Activity in Men with Erectile Dysfunction,” European Urology (2003) 43:412.

 

Prause, N. et al. “Modulation of Late Positive Potentials By Sexual Images in Problem Users and Controls Inconsistent with ‘Porn Addiction,’” Biological Psychology (2015) 109:192.

 

Steele, V.R. et al. “Sexual Desire, Not Hypersexuality, is Related to Neurophysiological Responses Elicited by Sexual Images,” Socioaffective Neuroscience and Psychology (2013) 3:20770.

 

Carnes’s assertion that sex causes guilt and shame

Carnes, P. Don’t Call It Love: /recovery from Sexual Addiction. Bantam, NY, 1992, p. 306.

 

The real culprits in sex addiction: sexual guilt, shame, anxiety, and sex-negative upbringing

Cranney, S. and A. Stulhofer. “‘Whosever Looketh on a Person to Lust After Them:’ Religiosity, Use of Mainstream and non-Mainstream Sexually Explicit Material, and Sexual Satisfaction in Heterosexual Men and Women,” Journal of Sex Research (2017) 54:694.

 

Gilliland, R. et al. “The Roles of Guilt and Shame in Hypersexual Behavior,” Sexual Addiction and Compulsivity (2011) 18:12.

 

Gola, M. et al. “What Matters: Quantity or Quality of Pornography Use? Psychological and Behavioral Factors of Seeking Treatment for Problematic Pornography Use,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2016) 13:815.

 

Grubbs, J.B. et al. “Internet Pornography Use, Perceived Addiction, and Religious/Spiritual Struggles,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2017) 46:1733.

 

Leonhardt, N.D.et al. “Damaged Goods: Perception of Pornography Addiction as a Mediator Between Religiosity and Relationship Anxiety Surrounding Pornography Use,” Journal of Sex Research (2018) 55:357.

 

Perry, S.L. and K.J. Snawder. “Pornography, Religion, and Parent-Child Relationship Quality,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2017) 46:1747.

 

Perry, S.L. and A.L. Whitehead. “Only Bad for Believers? Religion, Pornography Use, and Sexual Satisfaction Among American Men,” Journal of Sex Research (2019) 56:50.

 

Perry, S.L. “Not Practicing What You Preach: Religion and Incongruence Between Pornography Beliefs and Usage,” Journal of Sex Research (2018) 55:369.

 

Ross, M.W. et al. “Prevalence, Severity, and Correlates of Problematic Sexual Internet Use in Swedish Men and Women,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2012) 41:459.

 

Sniewski, L. et al. “The Assessment and Treatment of Adult Heterosexual Men with Self-Perceived Problematic Pornography Use: A Review,” Addictive Behaviors (2018) 77:217.

 

Stulhofer, A. et al. “Is High Sexual Desire A Facet of Male Hypersexuality? Results from an Online Study,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2016) 42:665.

 

The formula for problematic sex: S-A-F-E

Carnes, P. Out of the Shadows: Understanging Sexual Addiction. Hazelden, Cdenter City, MN, 2001, p. 189.

 

Carnes’ assertion that BDSM is toxic

Carnes, P. Don’t Call It Love: Recovery from Sexual Addiction. Bantam, NY, 1991, pp. 44, 62.

 

The plethora of sex/porn addiction screening tests

Reay, B. et al. “Inventing Sex: The Short History of Sex Addiction,” Sexuality & Culture (2013) 17:1.

 

Trends in academic journal articles on sex addiction.

Kraus, S.W. et al. “Should Compulsive Sexual Behavior Be Considered an Addiction?” Addiction (2016) 111:2097.

 

Celebrities identified as sex addicts

https://onedio.co/content/17-celebrities-who-bravely-battled-sex-addiction-12164

 

NY Times mentions of sex addiction

Reay, B. et al. “Inventing Sex: The Short History of Sex Addiction,” Sexuality and Culture (2013) 17:1.

 

The sex-addiction literature is largely anecdotal

Mudry, T.E. et al. “Conceptualizing Excessive Behaviour Syndromes: A Systematic Review,” Current Psychiatry Reviews (2011) 7:138.

 

Why DSM-V does not include “sex addiction”

Klein, M. His Porn, Her Pain: Confronting America’s Porn Panic with Straight Talk About Sex. Praeger, Santa Barbara, CA, 2016. Pp. 162, 179.

 

Ley, D.J. The Myth of Sex Addiction. Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham, MD, 2012.

 

AASECT rejects the sex-addiction model

https://www.aasect.org/position-sex-addiction

 

How to change habits

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/renaissance-woman/201607/how-change-unhealthy-habits

 

https://psychcentral.com/lib/7-steps-to-changing-a-bad-habit/

 

https://zenhabits.net/the-habit-change-cheatsheet-29-ways-to-successfully-ingrain-a-behavior/

 

https://www.inc.com/melody-wilding/psychology-says-this-is-how-you-change-a-bad-habit-for-good.html

 

Sex-oriented anonymous groups don’t help

Garza, E. Getting Off: One Woman’s Journey Through Sex and Porn Addiction.Simon & Schuster, NY, 2018, pp. 170-176.

 

Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) work well for self-identified sex addiction

Crosby, J.M. and M.P. Twohig. “Acceptance and Commitment therapy for Problematic Internet Pornography Use: A Randomized Trial,” Behavior Therapy (2016) 47:355.

 

Hallberg, J. et al. “A Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Group Intervention for Hypersexual Disorder: A Feasibility Study,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2017) 14:950.

 

Hook, J.N. et al. “Methodological Review of Treatments for Non-Paraphilic Hypersexual Behavior,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2014) 40:294.

 

Kellett, S. et al. “Testing the Effectiveness of Cognitive Analytic Therapy for Hypersexuality Disorder: An Intensive Time-Series Evaluation,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2017) 43:501.

 

Klontz, B.T. et al. “The Effectiveness of Brief Multimodal Experiential Therapy in the Treatment of Sexual Addiction,” Sexual Addiction and Compulsivity (2005) 4:275.

 

Twohig, M.P. and J.M. Crosby. “Acceptance and Commitment Therapy as a Treatment for Problematic Internet Pornography Viewing,” Behavior Therapy (2010) 41:285.

 

Cost of Carnes’ Gentle Path at The Meadows

https://rehabreviews.com/gentle-path-at-the-meadows-review

 

Books and studies arguing in favor of the sex/porn addiction model

Allen, A. et al. “Problematic Internet Pornography Use: The Role of Craving, Desire, Thinking, and Metacognition,” Addictive Behavior (2017) 70:65.

 

Banca, P. et al. “Novelty, Conditioning, and Attentional Bias to Sexual Rewards,” Journal of Psychiatric Research (2016) 72:91.

 

Bergner, R.M. and A.J. Bridges. “The Significance of Heavy Pornography Involvement for Romantic Partners: Research and Clinical Implications,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2002) 28:193.

 

Black, D.W. et al. “Characteristics of 36 Subjects Reporting Compulsive Sexual Behavior,” American Journal of Psychiatry (1997) 154:243.

 

Bridges, A.J. et al. “Romantic Partners’ Use of Pornography: Its Significance for Women,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2003) 29:1.

 

Carnes, P. Out of the Shadows: Understanding Sexual Addiction (3rd ed.). Hazelden Publishing, Center City, MN, 2001.

 

Carroll, J.S. et al. “Generation XXX: Pornography Acceptance and Use Among Emerging Adults,” Journal of Adolescent Research (2008) 23:6.

 

Collins, G.N. with A. Adleman. Breaking the Cycle: Free Yourself from Sex Addiction, Porn Obsession, and Shame. New Harbinger Publications, Oakland, CA, 2010.

 

Cooper, A. et al. “Sex on the Internet: Furthering Our Understanding of Men with Online Sex Problems,” Psychology of Addictive Behaviors (2004) 18:223.

 

Cooper, A. et al. “Cybersex Users, Abusers, and Compulsives: New Findings and Implications,” Sexual Addiction and Compulsivity,” (2000) 7:5.

 

Dines, G. Pornland: How Porn Has Hijacked Our Sexuality. Beacon Press, Boston, 2010

 

Doran, K. and J. Price. “Pornography and Marriage,” Journal of Family and Economic Issues (2014) 35:489.

 

Duffy, A. et al. “Pornography Addiction in Adults: A Systematic Review of Definitions and Reported Impact,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2016) 13:760.

 

Farré, JM. Et al. “Sex Addiction and Gambling Disorder: Similarities and Differences,” Comprehensive Psychiatry (2015) 56:59.

 

Garza, E. Getting Off: One Woman’s Journey Through Sex and Porn Addiction. Simon & Schuster, NY, 2018.

 

Gola, M. et al. “What Matters: Quantity or Quality of Pornography Use? Psychological and Behavioral Factors of Seeking Treatment for Problematic Pornography Use,” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2016) 13:815.

Griffiths, M. “Excessive Internet Use: Implications for Sexual Behavior,” CyberPsychology and Behavior (2000) 3:537.

 

Griffiths, M. “Sex on the Internet: Observations and Implications for Internet Sex Addiction,” Journal of Sex Research (2001) 38:333.

 

Griffiths, M.D. “Compulsive Sexual Behavior as a Behavioral Addiction: The Impact of the Internet and Other Issues,” Addiction (2016) 111:2107.

 

Grubbs. J.B. et al. “Internet Pornography Use, Perceived Addiction, and Religious/Spiritual Struggles,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2017) 46:1733.

 

Jensen, R. Getting Off: Pornography and the End of Masculinity. South End Press, Cambridge, MA, 2007.

 

Kafka, M.P. “Hypersexual Disorder: A Proposed Diagnosis for DSM-V,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2010) 39:377.

 

Korkelia, J. et al. “Attached to the Web: Harmful Use of the Internet and Its Correlates,” European Psychiatry (2010) 25:236.

 

Kraus, S.W. et al. “Clinical Characteristics of Men Interested In Seeking Treatment for Use of Pornography,” Journal of Addictive Behavior (2016) 5:169.

 

Maltz, W. and L. The Porn Trap: The Essential Guide to Overcoming Problems Caused by Pornography. Collins, NY, 2008.

 

Manning, J.C. “The Impact of Internet Pornography on Marriage and the Family: A Review of the Research,” Sexual Addiction and Compulsivity (2006) 13:131.

 

Meerkerk, G.J. et al. “Predicting Compulsive Internet Use: It’s All About Sex!” Cyberpsychology and Behavior (2006) 9:95.

 

Morgan, E.M. “Associations Between Young Adults’ Use of Sexually Explicit Materials and the Sexual Preferences, Behaviors, and Satisfaction,” Journal of Sex Research (20110) 48:520.

 

Park, B.Y. et al. “Is Internet Pornography Causing Sexual Dysfunctions? A Review with Clinical Reports,” Behavioral Sciences (2016) 6:17.

 

Perry, S.L. and C. Schleifer. “Till Porn Do Us Part? A Longitudinal Examination of Pornography Use and Divorce,” Journal of Sex Research (2018) 55:284.

 

Perry, S.L. “Does Viewing Pornography Reduce Marital Quality Over Time? Evidence from Longitudinal Data,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2017) 46:549.

 

Perry, S.L. “Pornography Use and Marital Separation: Evidence from Two-Wave Panel Data,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2017) epub ahead of print

 

Poulsen, F.O. et al. “Pornography Use: Who Uses It and How It Is Associated with Couple Outcomes,” Journal of Sex Research (2013) 50:72.

 

Riosenbberg, K.P. et al. “Evaluation and Treatment of Sex Addiction,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2014) 40:77.

 

Schneider, J.P. et al. “A Qualitative Study of Cybersex Participants: ender Differences, Recovery Issues, and Implications for Therapists,” Sexual Addiction and Compulsivity (2000) 7:249.

 

Schneider, J.P. “Effects of Cybersex Addiction on the Family: Results of a Survey,” Sexual Addiction and Compulsivity (2000) 7:31.

 

Smith, P.H. et al. “Compulsive Sexual Behavior Among Male Military Veterans: Prevalence and Associated Clinical Factors,” Journal of Behavioral Addictions (2014) 3:214.

 

Staley, C. and N. Prause. “Erotica Viewing Effects on Intimate Relationships and Self/Partner Evaluations,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2013) 42:615.

 

Stewart, D.N. and D.M. Szymanski. “Young Adult Women’s Reports of Their Male Romantic Partner’s Pornography Use as a Correlate of Their Self-Esteem, Relationship Quality, and Sexual Satisfaction,” Sex Roles (2012) 67:257.

 

Sun, C. et al. “Pornography and the Male Sexual Script: An Analysis of Consumption and Sexual Relations,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2016) 45:983.

 

Sutton, K.S. et al. “Patient Characteristics by Type of Hypersexuality Referral: A Quantitative Chart Review of 115 Consecutive Male Cases,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2015) 41:563.

 

Twohig, M.P. et al. “Viewing Internet Pornography: For Whom Is It Problematic, How, and Why?” Sexual Addiction and Compulsivity (2009) 16:253.

 

Weiss, R. Sex Addiction 101. Health Communications, Inc., Deerfield Beach FL, 2015.

 

Wery, A. and J. Billieux. “Online Sexual Activities: An Exploratory Study of Problematic and Non-Problematic Usage Patterns in a Sample of Men,” Computers in Human Behavior (2016) 56:257.

 

Critiques of the sex-addiction model

Braun-Harvey, D. and M.A. Vigorito. Treating Out-Of-Control Sexual Behavior. Springer, NY, 2016.

 

Fisher, W.A. “Pornography Viewing: Keep Calm and Carry On,” Journal of of Sexual Medicine (2017) 14:320,

 

Kingston, D.A. “Hypersexuality: Fact or Fiction?” Journal of Sexual Medicine (2018) 15:613.

 

Klein, M. His Porn, Her Pain: Confronting America’s Porn Panic with Honest Talk About Sex. Praeger/ABC-Clio, Santa Barbara, CA, 2016.

 

Kraus, S.W. et al. “Should Compulsive Sexual Behavior Be Considered an Addiction?” Addiction (2016) 111:2097.

 

Ley, D.J. The Myth of Sex Addiction. Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham, MD, 2012.

 

Reay, B. et al. “Inventing Sex: The Short History of Sex Addiction,” Sexuality & Culture (2013) 17:1.

 

Voros, F. “The Invention of Addiction to Pornography,” Sexologies (2009) 18:243.

Winters, J. “Hypersexual Disorder: A More Cautious Approach,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2010) Letter: DOI 10.1007/s10508-010-9607-2

Winters, J. et al. “Dysregulated Sexuality and High Sexual Desire: Distinct Constructs?” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2010) 39:1029.

 

 

  1. The Anguish Some Women Feel About Porn

The anguish some women feel about their men’s porn consumption

Bergner, R., & Bridges, A. The Significance of Heavy Pornography

Involvement for Romantic Partners: Research and Clinical Implications.” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2002). 28:193.

 

Schneider, J. “Effects of Cybersex Addiction on the Family: Results of a Survey. Sexual Addiction and Compulsivity,” (2000) 7:31.

Most women suffer little or no porn-related anguish

Bridges, A.J. et al “Romantic Partners Use of Pornography: Its Significance for Women,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy (2003) 29:1.

 

Kohut, T. et al. “Perceived Effects of Pornography on the Couple Relationship: Initial Findings of Open-Ended, Participant-Informed, Bottom-Up Research,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2017) 46:585.

 

https://www.mercurynews.com/2017/02/15/porn-lies-and-relationships-palo-alto-sex-therapists-advice-to-couples/

 

https://www.xojane.com/sex/how-to-talk-to-your-man-about-his-porn-and-masturbation-habits

 

Porn piques men’s desire for their mates

Harkness, E.L.et al. “Association Between Pornography Use and Sexual Risk Behaviors in Adult Consumers: A Systematic Review,” Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking (2015) 18:59.

 

Wright, P.J. “U.S. Males and Pornography, 1973-2010: Consumption, Predictors, Correlates,” Journal of Sex Research (2013) 50:60.

 

Sex media use by couples

Bridges, A.J. and P.J. Morokoff. “Sexual Media Use and Relational Satisfaction in Heterosexual Couples,” Personal Relationships (2011) 18:562.

 

Brown, C.C. et al. “A Common-Fate Analysis of Pornography Acceptance, Use, and Sexual Satisfaction Among Heterosexual Married Couples,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2017) 46:575.

 

Campbell, L. and T. Kohut. “The Use and Effects of Pornography in Romantic Relationships,” Current Opinion in Psychology (2017) 13:6-10.

 

Daneback, K. et al. “Use of Pornography in A Random Sample of Norwegian Heterosexual Couples,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2009) 38:746.

 

Maddox, A.M. et al. “Viewing Sexually-Explicit Materials Alone or Together: Associations with Relationship Quality,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2011) 40:441.

 

Staley, C. and N. Prause. “Erotica Viewing Effects on Intimate Relationships and Self/Partner Evaluations,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2013) 42:615.

 

Willoughby, B.J. et al. “Differences in Pornography Use Among Couples: Associations with Satisfaction, Stability, and Relationship Process,” Archives of Sexual Behavior (2016) 45:145.